Per Anders Rudling

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Per Anders Rudling
The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism
Per Anders Rudling - Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism (cover).jpg
The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906–1931 (cover) by Per Anders Rudling
Born 1974
Karlstad, Sweden
Nationality Swedish, American
Education San Diego State University, University of Alberta and others
Occupation Historian, academic
Known for World War II, Eastern Bloc, study of nationalism

Per Anders Rudling (born 1974 in Karlstad)[1] is a Swedish-American historian,[2] an associate professor of the Department of History at Lund University (Sweden), specializing in the areas of nationalism. He has an MA in Russian from Uppsala University (1998), an MA in History from San Diego State University (2003), Ph.D. in history from the University of Alberta (Edmonton, Canada) (2009), and post-doc at University of Greifswald, Germany.[3] He is the author of The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906-1931 published by University of Pittsburgh,[4] devoted to the subject of present-day Belarusian nationalism from its origins until the 1930s.[5]

Treatment of Ukrainian nationalism[edit]

Rudling became the subject of international attention in October 2012 when a group of Ukrainian organizations in Canada delivered a signed protest to his employer, accusing him of betraying his own university's principles.[6] The letter came as a response to Rudling's own public criticism of the promotion and glorification of OUN-B, and the UPA, as well as Stepan Bandera, and Roman Shukhevych by Ruslan Zabily from Ukraine in his intended Canadian and American lecture tour.[7][8] Rudling delivered a communiqué from Lund to concerned universities pointing out to the role of OUN-B in the Holocaust in Ukraine and the UPA involvement in the massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia.[7] He also wrote about Bandera's antisemitism and political violence during World War II leading to ethnic cleansing of not only Poles and Jews but also Ukrainians themselves.[9] In response to the Canadian-Ukrainian complaint about Rudling, an open letter was published in his support, signed by 38 scholars of the Holocaust and professors of leading universities supporting him, including Omer Bartov, Kristian Gerner, John-Paul Himka, Dovid Katz, Alexey Miller, Ruth Wodak, and Efraim Zuroff.[10]

Selected publications[edit]

Refereed Journal Articles[edit]

  • "Neprykmetny henatsyd: Khalakost u Belarusi," ["The unnoticed genocide: The Holocaust in Belarus"] ARCHE 2 (July, 2013): 120-139.
  • "'The Honor They So Clearly Deserve:' Legitimizing the Waffen-SS Galizien,"Review article of Bohdan Matsiv (ed.), Ukrains'ka dyviziia 'Halychyna:' Istoriia u svitlynakh vid zasnuvannia u 1943 r. do zvil'nennia z polonu 1949 r. (Lviv: ZUKTs, 2009), Journal of Slavic Military Studies 26:1 (Spring 2013): 114-137.
  • "Terror and Local Collaboration in Occupied Belarus: The case of Schutzmannschaft Battalion 118. Part Two: War Criminality" Historical Yearbook, Nicolae Iorga History Institute, Romanian Academy, Bucharest vol. IX, (2012): 99-121.
  • "Navuka zabivats': 201-yi batal'en akhounai palitsyi i hauptman Raman Shukhevich u Belarusi u 1942 hodze," ["The Science of Murder: The Two Hundred First Batallion of the Auxiliary Police and Hauptmann Roman Shukhevych in Belarus in 1942"] ARCHE 7-8 (2012): 67-87.
  • "Teror i miastsovaia kalabaratsyia u akupavanai Belarusi: pryklad 118-ha batal'ena akhounai palitsyi" ["Terror and local collaboration in Occupied Belarus: the Example of the 118th Batallion of the Auxiliary Police"] ARCHE 7-8 (2012): 101-150.
  • "Khatynskaia rasprava: Novy pohliad na histarychnuiu sprechku," ["The Khatyn Massacre: New Interpretations of a Historical Controversy"] ARCHE 7-8 (2012): 151-194.
  • "'They Defended Ukraine': The 14. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (Galizische Nr. 1) Revisited," Journal of Slavic Military Studies 25: 3 (Fall 2012): 329-368.
  • "Warfare or War Criminality?" Review article of Volodymyr V'iatrovych's Druha pol's'ko-ukains'ka viina, 1942-1947 (Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim "Kyevo-Mohylans'ka akademiia," 2011), Ab Imperio 1, (2012): 356-381.
  • "The Khatyn' Massacre in Belorussia: A Historical Controversy Revisited," Holocaust and Genocide Studies 26: 1 (Spring 2012): 29-58.
  • "'An entirely different culture and an alien race': Scandinavian-Ukrainian Encounters on the Canadian Prairies, 1910-1940," Scandinavian-Canadian Studies/Études scandinaves au Canada 20 (2011): 26-51.
  • "Terror and Local Collaboration in Occupied Belarus: The case of Schutzmannschaft Battalion 118. Part One: Background" Historical Yearbook, Nicolae Iorga History Institute, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, VIII, (2011): 195-214.
  • The OUN, the UPA and the Holocaust: A Study in the Manufacturing of Historical Myths, The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies 2107 (Pittsburgh: University Center for Russian and East European Studies, 2011). 71 pp.
  • "Multiculturalism, Memory, and Ritualization: Ukrainian Nationalist Monuments in Edmonton, Alberta" Nationalities Papers 39: 5 (September, 2011): 733-768.
  • "Lukashenka and the 'Red-Browns': National ideology, Commemoration of the Past, and Political Belonging" Forum für osteuropäische Ideen- und Zeitgeschichte, 15. Jahrgang Heft 1, (2011): 95-125.
  • "Lukashenka i 'chyrvona-karychnevyia': dzierzhaunaia idealohiia, ushanavanne minulaha i palitychnaia prynalezhnasts'" ["Lukashenka and the 'Red-Browns': National Ideology, Commemoration of the Past and Political Belonging"] Palitychnaia Sfera/Spheres of Politics, The European Humanities University, Vilnius, Lithuania. 14 (2010): 90-113.
  • "Vaina i histarychnaia pamiats' u Belarusi: daluchen'ne zakhodnikh ablasts'ei i mit pra Beres'tseiskuiu krepas'ts'" ["War and Historical Memory: The Annexation of the Western Borderlands and the Myth of the Brest Fortress"] (with David R. Marples) ARCHE 5 (92) (May 2010): 11-60.
  • "War and Memory: The Annexation of the Western Borderlands and the Myth of the Brest Fortress, 1939-41" (with David R. Marples), Białoruskie Zeszyty Historyczne 32 (December 2009): 225-244.
  • "Vialikaia Aichynnaia vaina u sviadomastsi belarusau," ["The Great Patriotic War in Belarusian Consciousness"] ARCHE 5 (68) (May 2008): 43-64.
  • "'For a Heroic Belarus!': The Great Patriotic War as Identity Marker in the Lukashenka and Soviet Belarusian Discourses," Sprawy Narodowościowe/Nationalities Affairs 32 (2008): 43-62.
  • "Theory and Practice: Historical Representation of the War Time Activities of the OUN-UPA (the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists - the Ukrainian Insurgent Army)," East European Jewish Affairs 36: 2 (December 2006): 163-189. Summary in Polish, "Przegląd Czasopism Zagranicznych," Kwartalnik Historii Żydów 2 (222) (June 2007): 253-255.
  • "Denmark as the Big Satan: Projections of Scandinavia in the Arab World and European Identity," European and Russian Affairs 2: 3 (2006): 73-112.
  • "Scandinavians in Canada: A Community in the Shadow of the United States," The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly LVII: 3 (July 2006): 151-194.
  • "Organized Anti-Semitism in Contemporary Ukraine: Structure, Influence, and Ideology," Canadian Slavonic Papers/Revue canadienne des slavistes XLVIII: 1-2 (March – June 2006): 81-119.
  • "'A paper for the Scandinavians in Edmonton': The Norwegian Immigrant Experience in Alberta as Recorded in the Norwegian Language Newspaper Vikingen," Scandinavian-Canadian Studies/Études scandinaves au Canada 16 (2005-2006): 66-87.
  • "Bodgan Musial and the Question of Jewish Responsibility for the Pogroms in Western Ukraine in the Summer of 1941," East European Jewish Affairs 35: 1 (June 2005): 69-89.
  • "Ukrainian Swedes in Canada: Gammalsvenskby in the Swedish-Canadian Press, 1929-1931," Scandinavian-Canadian Studies/Études scandinaves au Canada 15 (2004-2005): 60-89.

Book Chapters[edit]

  • "Anti-Semitism on the Curriculum: MAUP – The Interregional Academy for Personnel Management," in Matthew Feldman and Paul Jackson (eds.) Doublespeak: The Rhetoric of the Far Right since 1945. (Stuttgart: ibidem-Verlag, 2014), 247-270.
  • "Memories of 'Holodomor' and National Socialism in Ukrainian Political Culture," in Yves Bizeul (ed.), Rekonstruktion des Nationalmythos?: Frankreich, Deutschland und die Ukraine im Vergleich (Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht Verlag, 2013), 227-258.
  • "The Invisible Genocide: The Holocaust in Belarus," in Joanna B. Michlic and John-Paul Himka (eds.) Bringing to Light the Dark Past: The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Europe. (Lincoln: Nebraska University Press, 2013), 57-82.
  • "The Return of the Ukrainian Far Right: The Case of VO Svoboda," in Ruth Wodak and John E. Richardson (eds.) Analyzing Fascist Discourse: European Fascism in Talk and Text. (London and New York: Routledge 2013), 228-255.
  • "Skandinavisch-ukrainische Begegnungen auf der kanadischen Prärie: Zur Karriere europäischer Stereotype in Übersee," ["Scandinavian-Ukrainian Relations on the Canadian Prairie: the Legacy of European Stereotypes Overseas"] in Imbi Sooman and Stefan Donecker (eds.), Stereotype des Ostseeraumes: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge aus Geschichte in Gegenwart (Vienna: Universität Wien, 2012), 227-248.
  • "Anti-Semitism and the Extreme Right in Contemporary Ukraine," in Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins (eds.), Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe: From Local to Transnational. (London and New York: Routledge, 2012), 189-205.
  • "Szkolenie w mordowaniu: Schutzmannschaft Battalion 201 i Hauptmann Roman Szuchewycz na Białorusi 1942 roku," ["Schooling in Murder: Schutzmannschaft Battalion 201 and Hauptmann Roman Shukhevych in Belarus, 1942"] in Bogusław Paź (ed.), Prawda historyczna a prawda polityczna w badaniach naukowych: Przykład ludobójstwa na kresach południowej-wschodniej Polski w latach 1939-1946 [Historical Truth and Political Truth in Academic Research: The Case of Genocide on the South-Western Polish Borderlands in 1939-1946], (Wrocław: Wydawnictwo uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, 2011), 191-212.
  • "Iushchenkiv fashyst: kul't Bandery v Ukraini ta Kanadi" ["Yushchenko's Fascist: the Bandera Cult in Ukraine and Canada"] and "Perekonlyvi dokazy" ["Indisputable Evidence"] in Tarik Cyril Amar, Ivan Balyns'kyi and Yaroslav Hrytsak (eds.) Strasti za Banderoiu: statti ta esei [Passions over Bandera: Articles and Essays] (Kyiv: Seriia De profundis, Hrani-T, 2010), 237-309 and 195-196.
  • "The Great Patriotic War and National Identity in Belarus" in Tomasz Kamusella and Krzysztof Jaksułowski (eds.), Nationalisms Across the Globe, volume I: Nationalisms Today. (Bern: Peter Lang, 2009), 199-225.
  • "Belarus in the Lukashenka Era: National Identity and Relations with Russia" in Oliver Schmidtke and Serhy Yekelchyk (eds.), Europe's Last Frontier?: Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine between Russia and the European Union. (New York and Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), 55-77.[2]


  1. ^ The Algemeiner, Per Anders Rudling. The Algemeiner Jewish & Israel News. Articles by Per Anders Rudling. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b Per Anders Rudling. Lund University, Department of History, Associate Professor. Curriculum Vitae, page 17: Citizenship. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  3. ^ Jessica Desvarieux (13 March 2014), Part one of a two-part interview with Per Anders Rudling A Socialist in Canada. The Real News Network, transcript of video interview, March 11, 2014.
  4. ^, The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906–1931 (Paperback). Book Description. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  5. ^ Per Anders Rudling, The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906-1931 Pitt Russian East European Series, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2014. ISBN 0822963086
  6. ^ D.H. (11 October 2012), Canadian Missile Lands in Sweden. Defending History, Vol. V, No. 1727. Copies of scanned documents.
  7. ^ a b Dr. Per Anders Rudling (3 October 2012), Concerning the Zabily Speaking Tour In North America. Defending History, Vol. V, No. 1727. Ruslan Zabily's planned North American lecture tour. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  8. ^ Per Anders Rudling (12 October 2012), Ukrainian Ultranationalists Sponsor Lecture Tour Across North American Universities. Searchlight Magazine. Northampton University, U.K.
  9. ^ Per Anders Rudling (12 October 2012), Ukrainian Ultranationalists Sponsor Lecture Tour Across North American Universities.
  10. ^ D.H. (21 October 2012), Open Letter in Support of Per Anders Rudling. Defending History, Vol. V, No. 1727. Scanned letter from 5 October 2012 which – according to authors of – has been signed by a number of leading figures of Ukrainian nationalist groups in Canada: full text.