Percy Lake

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For the lake in Ontario, see Percy Lake (Ontario).
Sir Percy Lake
PercyLake.jpg
General Sir Percy Lake
Born (1855-06-29)29 June 1855
Preston, Lancashire, England
Died 17 November 1940(1940-11-17) (aged 85)
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army / Canadian Army
Years of service 1873–1917
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held Chief of the General Staff, Canada
7th Indian Division
Chief of the General Staff, India
Mesopotamian campaign
Battles/wars Second Anglo-Afghan War
Mahdist War
World War I
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

Lieutenant-General Sir Percy Henry Noel Lake KCB, KCMG (29 June 1855 – 17 November 1940) was a senior commander of the British Indian Army, serving during World War I, and a Canadian soldier.

Career[edit]

Lake was born at Fulwood Barracks, Preston, Lancashire on 29 June 1855, where his father was stationed. He was the son of Lt.-Colonel Percy Godfrey Botfield Lake (1829–1899) and his wife Margaret Phillips of Quebec City. He was educated at Preston Grammar School and Uppingham School.[1]

Lake was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant in the 59th Regiment of Foot in 1873.[2] He fought on the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1878 and in Sudan in 1885.[2] He was promoted to lieutenant on 9 August 1873.[3]

He became Deputy Assistant Adjutant General and Quartermaster General in Egypt in 1885, Staff Captain at Army Headquarters in 1887 and Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (Intelligence) at Army Headquarters in 1888.[2] He went on to be Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Dublin District in Ireland in 1892, Quartermaster General for the Canadian Militia in 1893 and Assistant Quartermaster General at Army Headquarters in 1899.[2] He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) on 22 August 1902.[4]

After that Lake became Chief Staff Officer for 2nd Army Corps in 1904, Chief of the Canadian General Staff in 1905 and Inspector General of the Canadian Militia in 1908.[2]

He then became General Officer Commanding 7th Indian Division in India in 1911 and Chief of the General Staff in India from 1912.[2] During World War I he was appointed Commander of the Mesopotamian Force, a format sent to relieve Sir Charles Townshend's troops at Kut.[5] He was created Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) on 1 January 1916.[6]

Later life[edit]

Following the war he formally retired in November 1919. He died on 17 November 1940 in Victoria, British Columbia.[1]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Barker, A. J., The First Iraq War, 1914–1918: Britain's Mesopotamian Campaign (New York: Enigma Books, 2009), ISBN 978-1-929631-86-5

Military offices
Preceded by
Earl of Dundonald
(as General Officer Commanding the Forces (Canada))
Chief of the General Staff (Canada)
1904–1908
Succeeded by
Sir William Otter
Preceded by
Sir Douglas Haig
Chief of the General Staff (India)
1912–1916
Succeeded by
Sir George Kirkpatrick