Pere Marquette (train)
A GE Genesis in the 40th-anniversary Phase I scheme pulls the Pere Marquette through southwestern Michigan.
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Locale||Midwest United States|
|Average ridership||106,662 (FY11)|
|Start||Grand Rapids, Michigan|
|No. of intermediate stops||3|
|Distance travelled||176 mi (283 km)|
|Train number(s)||370, 371|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Track owner(s)||CSXT, NS|
Pere Marquette is a passenger train operated by Amtrak as part of its Michigan Services on the 176-mile (283 km) route between Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Chicago, Illinois. It is funded in part by the Michigan Department of Transportation. and is train 370 eastbound and train 371 westbound.
The train is named for a named train of the defunct Pere Marquette Railway, and in turn for Pere Marquette, Michigan, an early name for Ludington. The town was named for Father Jacques Marquette, a French explorer of the Great Lakes region.
Route details 
- Norfolk Southern between Chicago and Porter, Indiana
- CSX between Porter, Indiana and Grand Rapids
The Pere Marquette was a named train of the Pere Marquette Railway, which ran between Detroit and Grand Rapids six times a day. When the Pere Marquette Railway was absorbed into the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway in 1947, the name was maintained and extended to Chicago.
The Amtrak years 
Amtrak revived the name for its Grand Rapids–Chicago service on August 5, 1984, with financial support from the state of Michigan. Initially it served Chicago, Hammond–Whiting, New Buffalo, St. Joseph, Bangor, Holland and Grand Rapids. Service at Hammond–Whiting ended April 29, 2001, (other trains still stop there). Service at New Buffalo ended October 26, 2009, when a new station opened on a different alignment.
2007 crash 
|Wikinews has related news: Amtrak train smashes freighter in Chicago|
On November 30, 2007, the southbound Pere Marquette collided with a Norfolk Southern freight train in Chicago, injuring 30 people.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) determined that the probable cause of the collision was the failure of the Amtrak engineer to interpret the signal at Englewood interlocking correctly and Amtrak's failure to ensure that the engineer had the competence to interpret signals correctly across the different territories over which he operated. The NTSB released its findings on the crash on March 31, 2009.
25th anniversary 
The Pere Marquette celebrated its 25th anniversary on August 5, 2009. Local, state and federal officials spoke during ceremonies at stations along the route during the train's southbound trip to Chicago.
New Buffalo station closure 
In October 26, 2009, the New Buffalo Amtrak station was relocated from the CSX trackage to the Amtrak-owned alignment closer to the shore of Lake Michigan. This new station is ADA-accessible and has a more extensive shelter. As a result, the Pere Marquette no longer stops in New Buffalo, which is served by Wolverine and Blue Water trains.
During fiscal year 2011, the Pere Marquette carried 106,662 passengers, an increase of 4.7% from 2010, when it carried 101,907 passengers. Ticket revenue in 2011 was $3.2 million, an increase of 9.8% from 2010's $2.9 million.
On-time performance 
During 2008, the on-time performance of train 370 (Chicago-Grand Rapids) was 33.6%, of train 371 (Grand Rapids-Chicago) 13.5%. By September 2010, these figures had changed to 63.3% and 13.3% respectively. Amtrak owns 10 miles (16 km) of this line, freight railroads CSX and Norfolk Southern the remainder. Track and signal delays and freight train interference make up the majority of delays.
Station Stops 
|Illinois||Chicago||Chicago Union Station||Amtrak: Blue Water, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carl Sandburg, California Zephyr, City of New Orleans, Empire Builder, Hiawatha Service, Hoosier State, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lake Shore Limited, Lincoln Service, Saluki, Southwest Chief, Texas Eagle, Wolverine, Thruway Motorcoach
CTA Buses: 1, 7, 14, 19, 20, X20, X28, 56, 60, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 151, 156, 157, 192
Megabus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7
Metra: North Central Service, Milwaukee District/North Line, Milwaukee District/West Line, BNSF Railway Line, Heritage Corridor, SouthWest Service
|Michigan||St. Joseph||St. Joseph Amtrak Station||Twin Cities Area Transportation Authority: Red Route|
|Holland||Padnos Transportation Center||MAX: all routes|
|Grand Rapids||Grand Rapids station||Thruway Motorcoach: Indian Trails
The Rapid: Route 8
Airport connections 
At Chicago riders can connect to O'Hare International Airport and Midway International Airport, using nearby CTA stations. For O'Hare, walk to the Clinton CTA station and ride the Blue line, which operates 24 hours a day. For Midway, walk to the Quincy/Wells CTA station and ride the Orange line.
|March 19, 2011|
A normal Pere Marquette consists of:
- Reimink, Troy (October 14, 2011). "Amtrak Reports Record Michigan Ridership". The Grand Rapids Press. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- "Amtrak Routes: Midwest". Michigan Services. Retrieved October 30, 2006.
- "Pere Marquette". Grand Valley Metropolitan Council. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- "Who or What Are All Those 'Pere Marquettes'?". Pere Marquette Historical Society. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- "Pere Marquette Route Guide". National Railroad Passenger Corporation. Retrieved August 9, 2011. Text "format- PDF " ignored (help)
- Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Indiana University Press. p. 210. ISBN 0-253-34705-X.
- Creager, Ellen (October 26, 2009). "Detroit–Chicago Amtrak train will stop in New Buffalo". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- "Amtrak Train Smashes Freighter in Chicago". Wikinews. December 1, 2007. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Collision of Amtrak Passenger Train 371 and Norfolk Southern Railway Company Freight Train 23M, Chicago, Illinois, November 30, 2007" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. March 31, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- "Amtrak's Pere Marquette Marks 25 Years of Service in Four Michigan Cities". Grand Rapids, MI: WGVU-TV. August 4, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "New Buffalo, MI". TrainWeb.org. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Kolker, Ken (December 23, 2008). "State Asks Amtrak To Explain Delays: Michigan Trains Late Nearly 75% of the Time". The Grand Rapids Press.
- "Pere Marquette". TrainWeb. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
Further reading 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pere Marquette|
- Amtrak - Michigan Services
- Amtrak Michigan Services Website
- Michigan Association of Railroad Passengers