Pere Marquette 1223

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Pere Marquette 1223
Pere-marquette-1223.jpg
Specifications
Power type Steam
Builder Lima Locomotive Works
Serial number 7837
Build date 1941
Configuration 2-8-4
UIC classification 1′D2′ h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 69 in (1,753 mm)
Length 101 ft 8 in (30.99 m)
Weight on drivers 278,000 lb (126.1 tonnes)
Locomotive weight 436,500 lb (198.0 tonnes)
Locomotive and tender
combined weight
794,500 lb (360.4 tonnes)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 44,000 lb (20.0 tonnes)
Water capacity 22,000 US gal (83,000 l; 18,000 imp gal)
Fuel consumption 1 short ton of coal per 12 miles travelled (1 tonne every 21 km)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (1.69 MPa)
Firegrate area 90.3 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 26 in × 34 in (660 mm × 864 mm)
Maximum speed 70 mph (113 km/h)
Power output 3,000 hp (2.24 MW)
Tractive effort 69,350 lbf (308.5 kN)
Career
Operator(s)
Class
  • PM N-1
  • C&O N-1
Number in class 8 of 12
Number(s)
  • PM 1223
  • C&O 2657
Locale Michigan
Retired 1951
Restored 1981
Current owner City of Grand Haven
Disposition Static display
Pere Marquette Railway Locomotive #1223
Pere Marquette 1223 is located in Michigan
Pere Marquette 1223
Location Chinook Pier Park, Jackson Ave., Grand Haven, Michigan
Coordinates 43°4′4″N 86°13′48″W / 43.06778°N 86.23000°W / 43.06778; -86.23000Coordinates: 43°4′4″N 86°13′48″W / 43.06778°N 86.23000°W / 43.06778; -86.23000
Area less than one acre
Architectural style steam locomotive
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 00001490[1]
Added to NRHP December 7, 2000

The Pere Marquette 1223 is a steam locomotive on permanent display in Grand Haven, Michigan. She is one of two surviving Pere Marquette 2-8-4 (Berkshire) engines. No parts from 1223 were used to restore sister engine 1225 to operating condition, due to the objections of the Michigan Railroad Club, then unofficial custodians of the engine. The MSU Railroad Club did hold some successful fundraising events at the 1223 during the State Fair. That money was used in the restoration of the 1225.

Built in 1941 by the Lima Locomotive Works for $90,000 ($1.2 million in 2006 dollars), 1223 hauled freight between Toledo and Chicago in the years immediately before and after World War II.

When Pere Marquette was absorbed by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, 1223 was assigned number 2657 but never had the new number painted on her. The locomotive was not paid off at the time and the merger agreement stated that equipment still under trust remained in Pere Marquette livery.

1223 was retired from service in 1951.

After retirement, 1223 was moved to New Buffalo, Michigan to be scrapped. However she was repainted and moved in 1960 for display at the state fairgrounds in Detroit. The money for that was provided by the donations collected by school children around the Detroit Area.

In 1980 state fair officials wanted to expand the grandstands but 1223 stood in the way. The city of Grand Haven won the bidding process.

With the help of the Michigan National Guard as well as Grand Trunk Western and Chessie System railroads, 1223 was moved to Grand Haven. The 180 mile trip took place on September 1, 1981.

As of yet, there has been nothing but a cosmetic restoration of the 1223. Considering the number of years that it has stood out in the elements, it would be an expensive and time consuming project. The City would need to job that restoration out to have it done.

1223 was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 7, 2000.

Trivia[edit]

  • 1223 never visited Grand Haven while in service due to her weight (400 tons).
  • 1223 is displayed next to a previously abandoned Grand Trunk Western Railroad coal tower on an out-of-service industrial rail spur.
  • 1223 is missing driving pistons. These were removed before the engine was ever taken to the Fairgrounds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.