Pere Marquette 1223
||This article relies entirely upon a single source, the National Register Information System (NRIS) database or one of its mirrors. Articles based solely on the NRIS may contain errors. (November 2013)|
|Pere Marquette 1223|
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Lima Locomotive Works|
|UIC classification||1′D2′ h2|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Driver diameter||69 in (1,753 mm)|
|Length||101 ft 8 in (30.99 m)|
|Weight on drivers||278,000 lb (126.1 tonnes)|
|Locomotive weight||436,500 lb (198.0 tonnes)|
|Locomotive and tender
|794,500 lb (360.4 tonnes)|
|Fuel capacity||44,000 lb (20.0 tonnes)|
|Water capacity||22,000 US gal (83,000 l; 18,000 imp gal)|
|Fuel consumption||1 short ton of coal per 12 miles travelled (1 tonne every 21 km)|
|Boiler pressure||245 psi (1.69 MPa)|
|Firegrate area||90.3 sq ft (8.4 m2)|
|Cylinder size||26 in × 34 in (660 mm × 864 mm)|
|Maximum speed||70 mph (113 km/h)|
|Power output||3,000 hp (2.24 MW)|
|Tractive effort||69,350 lbf (308.5 kN)|
|Number in class||8 of 12|
|Current owner||City of Grand Haven|
Pere Marquette Railway Locomotive #1223
|Location||Chinook Pier Park, Jackson Ave., Grand Haven, Michigan|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||steam locomotive|
|NRHP Reference #||00001490|
|Added to NRHP||December 7, 2000|
The Pere Marquette 1223 is a steam locomotive on permanent display in Grand Haven, Michigan. She is one of two surviving Pere Marquette 2-8-4 (Berkshire) engines. No parts from 1223 were used to restore sister engine 1225 to operating condition, due to the objections of the Michigan Railroad Club, then unofficial custodians of the engine. The MSU Railroad Club did hold some successful fundraising events at the 1223 during the State Fair. That money was used in the restoration of the 1225.
When Pere Marquette was absorbed by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, 1223 was assigned number 2657 but never had the new number painted on her. The locomotive was not paid off at the time and the merger agreement stated that equipment still under trust remained in Pere Marquette livery.
1223 was retired from service in 1951.
After retirement, 1223 was moved to New Buffalo, Michigan to be scrapped. However she was repainted and moved in 1960 for display at the state fairgrounds in Detroit. The money for that was provided by the donations collected by school children around the Detroit Area.
In 1980, Michigan state fair officials wanted to expand the grandstands but 1223 stood in the way. The city of Grand Haven won the bidding process.
The 1223 has been cosmetically restored. Considering the number of years that it has stood out in the elements, it would be an expensive and time consuming project to restore it to operation. Such a restoration is unlikely since sister locomotive #1225 has been restored to operating condition.
1223 was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 7, 2000.
- 1223 never visited Grand Haven while in service due to her weight (400 tons).
- 1223 is displayed next to a previously abandoned Grand Trunk Western Railroad coal tower on an out-of-service industrial rail spur.
- 1223 is missing its driving pistons. These were removed before the engine was taken to the fairgrounds in 1960.
- "Pere Marquette Berkshire #1223". Pere Marquette Historical Society. Retrieved 2006-08-07.
- "Train Engine #1223". SteamLocomotive.com. Retrieved 2006-08-07.
- "Pere Marquette Berkshire Type Locomotives". Tri-Cities Museum of Grand Haven. Archived from the original on 2006-12-10. Retrieved 2006-08-07.
- "Historic locomotive marks 25 years in Grand Haven". Muskegon Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-08-22.