Perea ("the country beyond" in Greek), a portion of the kingdom of Herod the Great occupying the eastern side of the Jordan River valley, from about one third the way down from the Sea of Galilee to about one third the way down the eastern shore of the Dead Sea; it did not extend too far inland. Traditionally its limits have been considered to be the eastern bank of the Jordan River between the rivers Arnon (Wadi Mujib) and Hieromax (Yarmouk River).  Herod the Great's kingdom was divided by the Romans into a tetrarchy, of which Herod Antipas received both Perea and Galilee. It is a very green area.
Perea is the area inhabited by the Israelite Tribes Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Menasseh. New Testament commentators speak of Christ's Perean ministry. It began with his departure from Galilee (Matt 19:1, Mark 10:1) and ended with the anointing by Mary in Bethany (Matt 26).
Other Sites Named Perea
The Christian Armenians who were deported from Armenia and forcibly settled in the New Julfa/Isfahan region of Iran named a major village Perea in honor of the important significance of Perea,Israel as the resting place of John the Baptist.
- Perea entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
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