Stoker Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire

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His Grace
The Duke of Devonshire
KCVOCBE
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
In office
1997–2011
Monarch Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Sir Piers Bengough
Succeeded by John Weatherby
Personal details
Born Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish
(1944-04-27) 27 April 1944 (age 70)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Amanda Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
Parents Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire (father)
Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire (mother)

Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire KCVOCBE (called "Stoker,"[1] born 27 April 1944) is a British peer. He is the only surviving son of Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, the former Deborah Mitford. He succeeded to the dukedom following the death of his father on 3 May 2004. Prior to this succession, he was styled Marquess of Hartington. The duke is worth an estimated £800 million.[2]

Education[edit]

He attended Eton College and Exeter College, Oxford, where he read History.

Horse racing[edit]

The duke is well known in the world of horse racing and serves as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot and chairman of Ascot Racecourse Ltd. In 1980 he was elected to the Jockey Club and in 1989 he was appointed its Senior Steward (that is, Chairman).[3] During his five-year term of office, he oversaw a number of changes within the racing industry, in particular the creation of the British Horseracing Board which is now the governing authority for British racing. He was appointed first chairman of the board in June 1993 and retired at the end of his term in 1996. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to racing in 1997 and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in the 2009 New Year Honours for his services as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot.[4]

Other interests[edit]

He was appointed a Trustee of the Wallace Collection in 2007.[5] He is a trustee of Sheffield Galleries and Museums Trust.[6] He is Chairman of the Devonshire Arms Hotel Group and Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's.[7] He collects modern British and contemporary painting and sculpture, as well as works in other areas. In December 2012, he sold Auxiliary cartoon for the Head of a Young Apostle by Raphael for £29.7m at a Sotheby's auction.[8]

He took up the position as the third Chancellor of the University of Derby at a ceremony on 28 October 2008 in Buxton.[9][10]

The range of Cavendish Pianos were named after the family name of the Duke to recognise his support which was critical to the establishment of the new firm.[11]

Family[edit]

He married Amanda Carmen Heywood-Lonsdale, daughter of Cmdr Edward Gavin Heywood-Lonsdale and a descendant of Arthur Heywood-Lonsdale, on 28 June 1967.[12] They have three children:[12]

  • William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington (born 1969) heir apparent, known as Bill Burlington.
    • James Cavendish, Lord Cavendish (born 15 December 2010) heir apparent.[13]
  • Lady Celina Cavendish (born 1971), married Alexander Carter in 1995, with whom she has four children.
  • Lady Jasmine Cavendish (born 1973), married Nicholas Dunne (son of Sir Thomas Dunne of Gatley Park), with whom she has two children.

Titles and honours[edit]

Possibility of renouncing title[edit]

In February 2010, the Duke announced his intention to give up his title if Hereditary Peers were removed from the House of Lords, on the basis that "the aristocracy is dead" and "because then it would be clear-cut what the people wanted, and it would be confusing to maintain hereditary titles".[14] This mirrored the views of his mother, who has in the past stated that "titles are meaningless because peers are no longer legislators".

This was dismissed as "nonsense" by Lord Ferrers, who disagreed with the Duke's claims that the aristocracy was dead. It is not known how serious he was in his intention, but if he were to go ahead with his threat he would be known as Sir Peregrine Cavendish.

Titles and styles from birth[edit]

  • 27 April 1944 – 10 September 1944: Peregrine Cavendish, Esq.
  • 10 September 1944 – 1950: Earl of Burlington
  • 1950–1997: Marquess of Hartington
  • 1997-2004: Marquess of Hartington CBE
  • 2004–2008: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire CBE
  • 2008–present: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire KCVO CBE

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Stoker Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire
Coronet
A Coronet of a Duke
Crest
A Serpent nowed proper
Escutcheon
Sable three Bucks' heads cabossed Argent
Supporters
On either side a Buck proper wreathed round the neck with a Chaplet of Roses alternately Argent and Azure
Motto
Cavendo Tutus (Secure by caution)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chatsworth – A statement from the Duke
  2. ^ http://www.derbytelegraph.co.uk/Duke-Devonshire-Derbyshire-s-richest-man/story-21107316-detail/story.html
  3. ^ "The Tatler List". Tatler. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58929. p. 3. 31 December 2008.
  5. ^ Wallace Collection-New Trustees
  6. ^ Museum & Galleries Assistant
  7. ^ "The Devonshire Profile - Forbes.com". Forbes. [dead link]
  8. ^ Kate Green, Chatsworth's Raphael sells for £29.7m , Country Life, 6 December 2012
  9. ^ Kirby, Sean. University of Derby – Duke of Devonshire Revealed As University’s New Chancellor, University of Derby, 6 March 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  10. ^ Hawley, Zena. Duke of Devonshire becomes new chancellor at the University of Derby, This Is Derbyshire, 27 October 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  11. ^ Morrison, Richard (27 February 2013). "Cavendish Pianos really are in a field of their own". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (9 March 2011). "Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire". The Peerage.  cites Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage 1 (107th (3 volumes) ed.), Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, p. 1126 ; "Announcements", The Times, 19 March 1980 .
  13. ^ Kay, Richard (15 December 2010). "The Duke of Devonshire has a grandson". London: Dailymail.co.uk. 
  14. ^ Walker, Tim. Aristocrats dismiss the despondent Duke of Devonshire’s fears, The Telegraph, 22 February 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Piers Bengough
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
1997–2011
Succeeded by
John Weatherby
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Andrew Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
2004–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford
Gentlemen Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Academic offices
Preceded by
Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Chancellor of the University of Derby
2008–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent