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Peregu Mare (Hungarian: Németpereg (Német-Pereg); Slovak: Veľký Pereg) is a commune in Arad County, Romania, on the Arad Plateau, at the western border of Romania. The commune stretches over 3095 ha and is composed of two villages, Peregu Mare (situated at 38 km from Arad) and Peregu Mic (Kispereg).
According to the last census the population of the commune counts 1584 inhabitants, out of which 26.26% are Romanians, 46.14% Hungarians, 0.94% Roma, 3.47% Germans, 12.87% Slovaks, 1.19% Ukrainians, 9.09% Czechs. 47% are Reformed, 20.1% Greek-Catholic, 19.7% Romanian Orthodox and 11.4% Roman Catholic. This village has about 876 houses.
The first documentary record of Peregu Mare dates back to 1241.
Magister Rogerius (Italian monk from Benevento, Apulia) wrote: „XXXII: De destructione Nove-uille et monasterii de Egres. Uersus Orodinum et Chandinum procedere inceperunt, in medio eorum, Noua-uilli dimissa, nomen cuius Pereg fuerat, in qua homines septuaginta uillarum fuerant congregati, et dimisso monasterio Egres Cisterciensis ordinis, in quod tanquam munitum castrum se milites et multe domine receperant. Nec Tartari loca illa aggredi uoluerunt, quousque circumcirca esset terra totaliter desolata. (...) Tartari uero retro post omnes stantes, ridebat de casu et ruina illorum, et retrocedentes a pugna suorum, dabant quamplurimos uoragini gladiorum, ita quod ipsis diebus et noctibus, pugnantibus per unam septimanam, et fossatis impletis ceperunt uillam.” —Magister Rogerius, Carmen miserabile.
The economy of the commune is mainly agricultural, farming and livestock-breeding are well represented.
Due to the customs and traditions specific to the ethnic groups of this area Peregu Mare commune is a quite attractive place during the period of Christian festivals.
- Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
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