Przemyslany, as the town is called in Polish, was first mentioned as a village in 1437. Until the Partitions of Poland (1772), it was part of Poland’s Ruthenian Voivodeship. In 1623, Przemyslany received Magdeburg rights. In 1772 - 1918, it belonged to Austrian Galicia, and in 1918, it returned to Poland. In the Second Polish Republic, it was the seat of a county in Tarnopol Voivodeship. The town had a Jewish population of 2,934 in 1900.
- Naftule Brandwein, klezmer musician
- Wojciech Filarski (1831 - 1898), Polish philosopher, rector of the Lwow University
- bl. Omelian Kovch (1884–1944), Ukrainian priest and martyr murdered at the Majdanek death camp.
- Wilhelm Reich (1897–1957), psychoanalyst and natural scientist was born in the village of Dobrzanica (now Dobryanichi), in the Peremyshliany district.
- Adam Daniel Rotfeld Polish diplomat and Foreign Minister.
- Baruch Steinberg (1897-1940), Rabbi killed in Katyn Massacre
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