Pereskia quisqueyana

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Pereskia quisqueyana
Pereskia quisqueyana.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Pereskia
Species: P. quisqueyana
Binomial name
Pereskia quisqueyana
E.Ekman

Pereskia quisqueyana, commonly known as the Bayahibe Rose, is a species of cactus that is endemic to the Dominican Republic.[1] P. quisqueyana is one of only several cactus species which contain leaves. Its natural habitat includes subtropical or tropical dry forests that are found on the Southeast coast of Hispaniola; particularly around the town of Bayahibe, its namesake. It is critically endangered due to habitat loss.

The species was discovered by the French botanist Henri Alain Liogier in 1977. He named it quisqueyana, in honor of the Dominican Republic, which is also referred to as Quisqueya. Law 146-11 of the Dominican Republic, established the Bayahibe Rose as the national flower of the country and ensured its protection due to its endangered status.

Description[edit]

P. quisqueyana is a dioecious cactus that resembles a shrub and it reaches 6 metres (20 ft) in height. Its trunk is surrounded by groups of spines which erupt in bunches. Its succulent leaves are elliptical in shape and are a bright green color. The flower of the P. quisqueyana is pink in color and blooms from the ends of its branches. Its fruits are yellow and contain black seeds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ PUCMM. "Pereskia Quisqueyana" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-09-24.