Pereslavl-Zalessky

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Pereslavl-Zalessky (English)
Переславль-Залесский (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Pan-pereslavl-2009.jpg
View of Pereslavl-Zalessky
Map of Russia - Yaroslavl Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Yaroslavl Oblast in Russia
Pereslavl-Zalessky is located in Yaroslavl Oblast
Pereslavl-Zalessky
Pereslavl-Zalessky
Location of Pereslavl-Zalessky in Yaroslavl Oblast
Coordinates: 56°44′N 38°51′E / 56.733°N 38.850°E / 56.733; 38.850Coordinates: 56°44′N 38°51′E / 56.733°N 38.850°E / 56.733; 38.850
Coat of Arms of Pereslavl-Zalessky (Yaroslavl oblast).png
Flag of Pereslavl-Zalessky (Yaroslavl oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Yaroslavl Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky[1]
Administrative center of Pereslavsky District,[1] town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2011)
Urban okrug Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug,[2] Pereslavsky Municipal District[citation needed]
Mayor[citation needed] Denis Koshurnikov[citation needed]
Representative body Town Duma[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 22.5 km2 (8.7 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 41,925 inhabitants[4]
Density 1,863/km2 (4,830/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1152[citation needed]
Previous names Pereyaslavl (until 15th century)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 152020, 152021, 152023–152026
Dialing code(s) +7 48535[citation needed]
Official website
Pereslavl-Zalessky on WikiCommons

Pereslavl-Zalessky (Russian: Переславль-Залесский; IPA: [pʲɪrʲɪˈslavlʲ zɐˈlʲeskʲɪj], lit. Pereslavl, which is located behind the woods), also known as Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located on the main Moscow–Yaroslavl road and on the southeastern shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo at the mouth of the Trubezh River. Population: 41,925 (2010 Census);[4] 43,379 (2002 Census);[8] 42,331 (1989 Census).[9]

Geography[edit]

Pereslavl-Zalessky is located in south of Yaroslavl Oblast, near a border with Moscow Oblast, 140 kilometres (87 mi) northeast of Moscow, and 139 kilometres (86 mi) southwest of Yaroslavl.

Climate[edit]

Climate of Pereslavl-Zalessky is humid continental: long, cold and snowy winters and short, warm and rainy summers. Average temperatures range from −12 °C (10 °F) in January to +18 °C (64 °F) in July.

History[edit]

Known as Pereyaslavl until the 15th century, it was founded in 1152 by Prince Yury Dolgoruky as a projected capital of Zalesye.[citation needed] In 1175–1302, the town was the seat of the Principality of north Pereyaslavl, not to be confused with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in modern time Ukraine. In 1302, it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Pereslavl-Zalessky had been devastated numerous times by the Mongols between the mid-13th century and the early 15th century. In 1611–1612, it suffered from the Polish invasion.

In 1688–1693, Peter the Great built his famous "fun flotilla" on Lake Pleshcheyevo for his own amusement, including the so-called Peter's little boat, which would be considered the forefather of the Russian fleet. The Botik (small boat) museum chronicles the history of the first Russian fleet and keeps one of the original model boats.

In 1708, the town became a part of Moscow Governorate.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pereslavl-Zalessky serves as the administrative center of Pereslavsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky is incorporated as Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug.[2]

Science and education[edit]

There is Institute for Program Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the town. The University of Pereslavl is also based in the town.

Sights and architecture[edit]

The town is a part of the Golden Ring of Russia. Monuments of church architecture include six architecture complex convents and nine churches. Notable historic buildings are:

  • white stone Savior's Cathedral (1152–1157)
  • Church of Metropolitan Peter (1585)
  • Troitse-Danilov Monastery (16th–18th centuries)
  • Nikitsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries)
  • Feodorovsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries)
  • Goritsky Monastery (17th–18th centuries)
Savior's Cathedral (1152-1157)
Museum and exhibits
  • Museum-Preserve of Pereslavl-Zalessky (in Goritsky Monastery)
  • Museum–Estate "The Little Boat of Peter the Great"
  • The Pereslavl Arboretum
  • Museum of Flat Irons
  • The Museum of Kettles
  • The Museum of Steam Engines
Irons museum in Pereslavl

The Kleshin complex, an archaeological monument, is located about 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) from the town proper.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #12-z
  2. ^ a b c Law #65-z
  3. ^ Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Ярославской области. Ярославская область в цифрах 2012. Краткий статистический сборник (Russian)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (Russian)

Sources[edit]

  • Государственная Дума Ярославской области. Закон №12-з от 7 февраля 2002 г «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ярославской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №67-з от 21 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Ярославской области и признании утратившими силу отдельных законодательных актов (положений законодательных актов) Ярославской области». Вступил в силу через шесть месяцев со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Губернские вести", №11, 15 февраля 2002 г. (State Duma of Yaroslavl Oblast. Law #12-z of February 7, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Yaroslavl Oblast and on the Procedures of Its Change, as amended by the Law #67-z of December 21, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Yaroslavl Oblast and on Abrogation of Various Legislative Acts (Clauses of Legislative Acts) of Yaroslavl Oblast. Effective as of the day six months from the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственная Дума Ярославской области. Закон №65-з от 21 декабря 2004 г. «О наименованиях, границах и статусе муниципальных образований Ярославской области», в ред. Закона №59-з от 28 декабря 2011 г «Об изменении статуса рабочего посёлка Песочное Рыбинского района и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Ярославской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Губернские вести", №70, 23 декабря 2004 г. (State Duma of Yaroslavl Oblast. Law #65-z of December 21, 2004 On the Names, Borders, and Status of the Municipal Formations of Yaroslavl Oblast, as amended by the Law #59-z of December 28, 2011 On Changing the Status of the Work Settlement of Pesochnoye of Rybinsky District and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Yaroslavl Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]