Perforated eardrum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Perforated eardrum
Classification and external resources
Ear-anatomy-text-small-en.svg
ICD-10 H72, S09.2
ICD-9 384.2
DiseasesDB 13473
MedlinePlus 001038
eMedicine ent/206
MeSH C09.218.903

A perforated eardrum or punctured eardrum is a rupture or perforation (hole) of the eardrum which can occur as a result of otitis media (ear infection), trauma (e.g. by trying to clean the ear with sharp instruments), explosion, loud noise or surgery (accidental creation of a rupture). Flying with a severe cold can also cause perforation due to changes in air pressure and blocked eustachian tubes resulting from the cold. This is especially true on landing.[1]

Perforation of the eardrum leads to conductive hearing loss, which is usually temporary. Other symptoms may include tinnitus, earache or a discharge of mucus.[2]

Treatment[edit]

The perforation may heal in a few weeks, or may take up to a few months.[3] Some perforations require intervention. This may take the form of a paper patch to promote healing (a simple procedure by an ear, nose and throat specialist), or surgery (tympanoplasty).[4][5] However, in some cases, the perforation can last several years and will be unable to heal naturally. Such cases are usually a result of a perforation being surgically induced during an operation involving the ear.

Hearing is usually recovered fully, but chronic infection over a long period may lead to permanent hearing loss. Those with more severe ruptures may need to wear an ear plug to avoid contact with water with the ear drum.

References[edit]