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An xray 2 years after placement then 7 years later in a heavy smoker. Shows progression of peri-implantitis

Peri-implantitis is the destructive inflammatory process affecting the soft and hard tissues surrounding dental implants.[1] The array of periodontal pathogens found around failing implants (those affected by peri-implantitis) are very similar to those found in association with various forms of periodontal disease.[2]


  1. ^ Mombelli, A. "Microbiology and antimicrobial therapy of peri-implantitis," Periodontology 2000 2002;28:177–189.
  2. ^ Listgarten and Lai (2000), AAP In-Service Exam, 2008-B12