|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)|
|• Total||34.41 km2 (13.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Perinthalmanna is a town and municipality in Malappuram district of Kerala. Perinthalmanna's name is derived from Perumthallu (Malayalam: പെരുന്തല്ല്, the native name for fight). It was the capital of Valluvanad, a princely state ruled by the Valluvakonathiris, a suspected[by whom?] branch of the Pallava dynasty of the ancient Tamil kingdoms. The members of the royal families are divided among them and living in four kovilakams: Aripra, Ayiranazi, Kadannamanna and Mankada.
Perinthalmanna is the location where the East India Company established their first high school, first court, first Taluk office, and more after the Malabar treaty. Perinthalmanna has four hospitals, including a medical college, attracting patients from other parts of Kerala and from outside of India. Due to the abundance of medical centers in town, it is now called the Hospital Town of Kerala. The town became a municipality on 10 February 1990.
- 1 Origin of the name
- 2 History
- 3 The British period
- 4 Politics
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Pilgrim centres
- 8 Demographics
- 9 The medical revolution
- 10 List of Hospitals in Perinthalmanna
- 11 Educational Institutions
- 12 List of Schools in Perinthalmanna
- 13 List of Colleges in Perinthalmanna
- 14 Entertainment
- 15 Notable people
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 External links
Origin of the name
Etymologically, Perintalmanna derives its name from the Malayalam words "perum" (Malayalam: പെരും, meaning "big") + "thallu" (തല്ല്, meaning "fight") + "mannu" (മണ്ണ്, meaning "land") to mean "land of big, rigorous fights". The original word "Perumthallumannu" was replaced by "Perintalmanna" over time. The traditions associated with this ancient town state that in the olden days, sporting events, including martial activities, were organized under the leadership of Kakooth Nair's, the commander-in-chief of the Valluvakkonathiris. These sporting events were organized before Angadipuram Thirumandhamkunnu Temple (see below) festival, which was celebrated after the harvesting of crops in the month of Makara, which corresponds to the months of January/February of the Gregorian calendar. Another main event of the festival was the Aattakalam or the stage for Kathakali performance. People from a cross-section of the society participated in these festivities, and everyone wanted to see the place where the Perinthallu or Perumthallu (that is, the rigorous fighting) took place. It was a place situated to the east of Angadipuram, and became known as Perinthallu, and got modified to its present form of Perintalmanna under British influence.
In the olden days,[when?] Valluvanad was an independent princely state. The ruler of Valluvanad was a witness during the offering of the title deed by King Veeraraghava. After the death of Cheraman Perumal, Kerala was divided among the rulers of Thiruvithamcoore, Kochi, Kolothunaadu, Kurumbanadu and Valluvanad states. The post of the ruler of Valluvanad was known as Valluvakkonathiri. The eldest member of Ayirazhi- Kadannamanna-aripra 'Kovilakam' became the Valluvakkonathiri. At first, the capital of Valluvanad was Kuruvaand, and later, Angadipuram became the capital. As it was the land ruled by the Valluvakkonathiri, it came to be known as Valluvanad. Even at that time Perinthalmanna was considered to be the main center of Valluvanad. Both Perinthalmanna province and Angadipuram province were together known as Angadipuram. In the past, Perinthalmanna High School was known as Angadipuram Elementary School.
The British period
From 1835 until late 19th century, violent disturbances surfaced from time to time in different parts of the Malabar region, particularly in Eranad and Valluvanad, and the adjoining areas, which included Perintalmanna. These disturbances and uprisings were agrarian unrest. After these disturbances subsided, relative peace returned to an area approximately equivalent to the modern state of Kerala. Malabar came under the direct administrative control of the British raj, and was made a part of the Madras Presidency.
In 1921, the Mappila rebellion, also known as the Mopla riots, occurred. These incidents also affected Valluvanad. There were large-scale religious violence and riots in different parts of Valluvanad, followed by large-scale exodus of people from the affected areas. Those antisocial elements who were determined to fish in troubled waters, have largely contributed to give it a communal colour. Rumours were spread that large scale forcible conversions were taking place and those who resisted were massacred by the Mappila groups. The involvement of a large number of anti social elements in the violence and looting at Perinthalmanna made the then British Government to establish a police station and install imported communication equipments from France. It facilitated easy passage of messages to the superior officers. The available British records of 1921 incidents say that a large number of people from the surrounding places of Perinthalmanna were subjected to summary execution, for being defiant. An interesting part of the 1921 incidents is that there were very little Mappila families to receive the financial assistance and rations offered by the British government after the rebellion was crushed, as the muslims themselves had reached the needy with their helping hand even before the government of the day had thought about it. This tendency of extending help to the needy with enthusiasm is a remarkable quality of the mappilas. An investigation carried out by Sir Logan, the Collector and District Magistrate of Wygram found that the report given by Sir Steinch, stating that the riots sprang from religious fanaticism, was wrong. Sir Logan was appointed as a special officer to investigate the matter and the truth behind the complaint that the landlords did not give land to construct mosques. The report submitted by Sir Logan stated that the Muslims considered it to be a religious right to take arms against the landlords who maltreated the tenants and the government which supported such landlords.
The looting of the government treasury by the rioters rocked Valluvanad. Rumours surrounding this looting instigated violence in Eranad and many other parts of Valluvanad, but most of the residents of Perintalmanna had, to a certain extent, refrained themselves from indulging in violence. The main reason for this was the social and cultural amity that existed in Perintalmanna for centuries.
Local self governance
Perintalmanna was at first under Malappuram Taluk board, and then under the Valluvanad Taluk board. This place became a Panchayat in 1933, and the Panchayat office was situated in the building where the lower primary school functioned. The first Panchayat president was P. Achuthan Menon. According to the local bodies Act, the Panchayat president was selected by organizing a public meeting and raising of hands to show support for a member. All the executive powers were vested on the Panchayat president.
Perinthalmanna assembly constituency is part of the Malappuram (Lok Sabha constituency)
Nalakath soopy is one influential politician from the town who has played a key role to accelerate the progress of the town
He came to active politics through the Muslim Students Federation and held high position in the party. He was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly from Perinthalmanna Constituency in 1980 for the first time, and re elected to the Assembly in all the General Elections till 2001. Served as the Minister for Education from 2001 to 2004 in A.K. Antony Ministry..
The Shoranur-Nilambur Railway Line passes through Angadipuram, which is a town merely 3 km from Perinthalmanna. The NH 213 passes through the town centre, crossing the Perumbilavu-Nilambur State Highway.
Angadipuram, which is roughly 3 km (2 mi) from Perinthalmanna, has a busy railway station on the Shoranur-Nilambur railway line. There are 7 pairs of trains running daily in the Shoranur-Nilambur route via Angadipuram, including Rajyarani link Express to be linked and delinked with the Amritha express at Shornur.The introduction of the Rajyarani express was a great step forward to lessen the travel woes of commuters from Malappuram district towards the southern parts of Kerala including the capital city of Trivandrum where many people from this region travel to on official missions, political missions and other needs. There are increasing demands from many quarter to run it as an independent entity. Computerised reservation facility is available at Angadipuram Railway Station from 08:00 to 14:00 hours. Reservation for any train can be done here.
The town is on the NH 213 and well-connected. There are round-the-clock bus service to most parts of Kerala, and other states as well. There are two private bus stands and a K.S.R.T.C bus stand which is situated at the heart of the town. Frequent bus service to nearest localities are available during the wake up hours of the town from all the bus stands, and round the clock service is available from the K.S.R.T.C. stand to all parts of Kerala and south Indian states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka.and Pondichery. There is high demand to start Perinthalmanna - Ernakulam Jetty service through Guruvayur
Calicut International Airport, Karippur is the nearest airport,and is located about 45 kilometers away from Perinthalmanna town. NH213 directly connects Perinthalmanna with Karippur.
- Kulirmala: This hill, which might be witness to many historical events taken place here, is standing tall, overlooking a major portion of the town. The Manazhi bus stand, which was commissioned a few years ago, is in its' lap. So is a stretch of many buildings covering more than a kilometre from Ponniakurussi on the NH213, to the Taluk hospital in the town. Most of its' greenery has been lost to man made fire, and nowadays some part of it is mainly used as a cremation ground for people living in the nearby areas. Availability of copious rainfall in monsoon season can make it a wonderful scene to watch for those travelling on the NH213, as a large number of small water streams, flowing downstream, creates many glittering silver lines on its surface.
- Olingara: Situated near the PTM Government College, it is one of the highest regions blessed with water springs which have never dried up, even in summer.
- Kodikuthimala: A scenic hilltop near Perinthalmanna town, named after the flag-hoisting during the survey conducted by the British, it has elevation of about 2,000 ft (610 m) above sea level. It has a 6 km (3.7 mi) path to reach the top. Its panoramic view attracts tourists from all over Kerala. The view includes several mountains and rivers surrounding Perinthalmanna town. The watch tower, suicide point and waterfalls are famous. Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC) is now developing it further as a tourist spot.
- Pathaikkara: This is a scenic Valluvanadan village place near Perintalmanna. It is a famous village in Perintalmanna Municipality. There are so many temples and mosques situated there. Pathaikkara Mana is one of the well-known Namboothiri illam in Kerala. Pathaikara Sree Mahavishnu Temple near Kargil jn. is a very famous Vishnu temple in Valluvanad, and now developing the temple as another important attraction of Pathaikara.
Pilgrim centres of all religions abound in this tiny region. Religion is the heartbeat of this town, and the followers of all the major religions namely Hinduism, Islam and Christianity, have lived here for centuries. Together came up temples, mosques, churches and spiritual centers. There is a very long list of temples, mosques and tombs and churches spread all over Perinthalmanna.
- Arakkuparambu Thanakursi Narasimha Kshethram. Situated 13 km north-east of Perintalmanna with significant cultural and historical importance. Arakkuparamba is connected with the age of "PANDAVAS". 'Arakkkillam ' made up of wax to cheat and kill pandavas by the kauravas. Formerly 42 Namboodiri families lived in this village. All 40 Illam were burned with Arakkillam and only 2 Illam remain in this village. Late Senior Karuthedam Neelakandan Namboodiri is the Thanthri and caretaker of Narasimha Moorhty at his lifetime and not married, even though 'Moose' elder brother in the family. Karuthedam is the main landlord family in this village and owrned lands from the Kodikuthy Mala to Paduvanthodu in Alanallur.
- Hira mosque: This mosque situated at the heart of the town and close to the NH213, is resorted to by the worshippers for their namaz and jumma prayer. This mosque is closer to the Police Station, mini civil station and other important government offices in the town.There are separate halls for men and women to do their namaz. Associated with the mosque have a library and a madrassa. A large number of muslims of all ages assemble here on special occasions like ramadan and Eid for mass prayers. Special speeches on relevant Islamic subjects and contemporary issues are conducted regularly. It stresses upon the necessity of maintaining amity betwee different communities for a peaceful co-existence. The organizing committee takes special interest in relief related activities. The committee extends its' helping hands to the poor and needy, espectially to those affected by communal riots and natural calamities, whereever they are happening. It also helps the destitute and elderly with pensions and provides finacial assistance to children from poor families for education..
- Juma Masjid: This mosque was built at the time of the incursion of Tippu. It is situated near the private bus station, on Ootty road, and accommodates 12,000 worshippers on most Fridays.
- Salafi Masjid: A mosque of the town which has Malayalam qutba, run by Mujahids.
- Valyangadi Palli/Mosque: Most prominent mosque which could be considered the oldest in the locality, catering to about 1000 worshippers for Friday mass. In the Masjid Compound, there is a pond which never dries.
- Pattani Mosque: It is named after the group of people who came with logistic support for the soldiers of Tippu sulthan.
One can see a large number of small Namaskara pallis in and around the town mainly on the shore of a thodu which have been in existence for centuries.
As of 2001[update] India census, Perinthalmanna had a population of 44,613. Males constituted 48% of the population and females 52%. Perinthalmanna has had an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 79%. In Perinthalmanna, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Ezhukannippalam, The oldest railway bridge on the British periods
The medical revolution
In this town of about 50,000 population, there are about 400 doctors practising their profession. There are 4 major tertiary care hospitals which have the most modern facilities at affordable costs. It costs around Rs. 20,000 for an angioplasty. The orthopaedics wing in one of the hospitals is considered to be among the best in the country and joint replacements are done at similar rates. It has already developed to be known as a medical town with people near and far relying on the major hospitals for treatment. A good number of Arab nationals also visit this place with their families for treatment. Apart from the private run hospitals, there is a MES medical college which admits students for MBBS and BDS courses. There is a Taluk hospital situated at the heart of the town which acts as a relief to the poor sections of society. The progress achieved by Perinthalmanna in such a short period of about 25 years can be attributed to the hospital industry. The flow of money from the gulf countries started with a large number of people from this region finding jobs abroad, especially in the gulf countries, earning money, and sending it to their families here. Some of those who had enough education were fortunate enough to land highly paid jobs abroad. The investment of such NRI money in various forms of business resulted in employing the local population here and thus contributing largely to the alleviation of unemployment. Two major tertiary hospitals, which have an international face, were ventures of NRIs. The setting up of a whole chain of hospitals across all classes of medicine, were triggered by the start of these two major tertiary care hospitals.
List of Hospitals in Perinthalmanna
- MES Medical College Hospital
- Al Shifa Hospital Pvt. Ltd.
- Moulana Hospital
- E.M.S. Memorial Co-operative Hospital & Research Centre Ltd
- Al Salama Eye Hospital
- Waltz Hospitals Pvt. Ltd.
- Government District Hospital
- Ramdas Hospital & Nursing Home
- Perintalmanna Nursing Home
- Mumtaz Hospital & Maternity Home
- JJ Hospital For Children
- Amina Hospital
- AIHMS Homoeopathy Centre (Multi speciality)
- Experts’ Homoeopathy Multi speciality Clinics
- Amrutham Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Centre
- Government Ayurvedic Hospital, Jubilee Rd.
- AYUR SHIFA ayurveda Speciatity & Panchakarma Centre
- Ashtavaidyan Pulamanthole Mooss SRD Ayurvedics & Nursing Home
- Emarald Ayurvedic Health Resort, Pulamanthole
- Perintalmanna Nursing Home - Ayurveda Centre
The academic growth of Perintalmanna is best reflected with its number of educational institutions, including the Malappuram Centre of Alighar Muslim University(established in 2012) at Chelamala. There is a long list of schools and colleges spread all over Perintalmanna.
List of Schools in Perinthalmanna
- Government Higher Secondary School, Perinthalmanna
- Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Perinthalmanna
- Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary School, Perinthalmanna
- IHRD - Technical Higher Secondary School, Perithalmanna
- Presentation English Medium Higher Secondary School, Perinthalmanna
- Sree Valluvanad Vidya Bhavan, Eravimangalam - Perinthalmanna
- Tharakan H S S Angadipuram, Perithalmanna
- St. Joseph's E.M. Senior Secondary School, Puthanangadi - Perinthalmanna
- St Mary's HSS, Pariyapuram - Perinthalmanna
- I.S.S. English Medium Senior Secondary School: I.S.S. E.M. School is a famous name in the educational map of Malabar region. The school was formed in the year 1982, with a view to establish an institution which gives importance for academic, as well as spiritual, education. The venture which glows with its Silver Jubilee Celebrations is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. It has aligned its vision and activities in line with the current and future needs of the society.
- ANVAR ENGLISH HIGHER SECONDARY School, Thirurkad
- Darul Falah English School, Poopalam - It is one of the best schools of perinthalmanna.Darul Falah English School, affiliated to the CBSE, is a place where quality education is provided in a stress-free environment.The school is situated in an extensive campus of 15 acres at Poopalam, on the right side of Perinthalmanna Ootty Road, about 2.5 Km from Perinthalmanna Town.Darul Falah English School was founded in the year 1998 under the aegis of the Islamic Mission Trust, a non-profit making organization rendering service in educational, cultural and social fields.
- M.J. Academy, Panambi
- Azhar English Medium School, GREEN VALLEY, Tirurkad
- M.E.S. Central School, Perinthalmanna
- MIC English Medium School, Cherukara
- AM High School (AMHS), Thirurkad
- AUPS- Pathaikkara
- AMUP School Poovathani is the one of the oldest aided school located at Poovathani managing by Mr. CH Aboobacker.
- AUP School Arakkuparamba, managed and owned by Kauthedath Mana family members.
- Fathima U P School Pariyapuram
- KMMUPS Perinthalmanna South.
- PTMUP School. Puthanangadi
- Sarojini Memorial Upper Primary School, SMUPS - Perithalmanna
- P.K.M. School for mentally Retarded Children, Perinthalmanna
- Silvermount International School- The first and only international school of perinthalmanna. Started in 2009 by a group of young professionals from Perintalmanna. Affiliated to Cambridge International Education and now affiliated to CBSE. Widely accepted as the best and innovative school in Perintalmanna.
- Aura Edify Global School: Perinthalmanna attracted the educational groups, which was awarded as India's Most emerging K12 School of the year 2011. The school was launched by Padma Shree Yousufali M.A., Managing Director of EMKE Group.it is the best school of perinthalmanna
- ROYAL KIDS MONTESSORI School, Kidangu Road Perinthalmanna
- Electro English World (Professional Training Center, Aysha Complex, Perinthalmanna
List of Colleges in Perinthalmanna
- ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY Malappuram Centre, Perithalmanna
- Pookoya Thangal Memorial Govt. (PTM ) College
- Government Polytechnic College
- MEA Engineering College, Vengoor P.O, Perinthalmanna
- Al Salama Institute of Architecture, Malaparamba, Perinthalmanna
M.E.S. Academy of Medical Sciences: Malaparamba, Perinthalmanna
- M.E.S. Medical College
- M.E.S. Dental College
- M.E.S. College of Nursing
- M.E.S. School of Nursing
- M.E.S. Institute of Paramedical Sciences
SHIFA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES [SIMS]:
- AL SHIFA COLLEGE OF PARAMEDICAL SCIENCES
- AL SHIFA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
- AL SHIFA COLLEGE OF NURSING
- AL SHIFA SCHOOL OF NURSING
Colleges Under EMS Memorial Co-Operative Hospital & Research Centre:
- EMS COLLEGE OF PARAMEDICAL SCIENCES
- EMS COLLEGE OF NURSING
- EMS SCHOOL OF NURSING
Moulana Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences:
- Moulana College of Paramedical Sciences
- Moulana College of Nursing
- Moulana School of Nursing
- Moulana College of Pharmacy
- AL SALAMA College of Optometry is a subsidiary of Al Salama Eye Hospital
- MSTM (Muhammed Ali Shihab Thangal Memorial) Arts & Science College, Pooppalam
- M.E.S. Arts and Science College, Palachode P.O., Perinthalmanna
- SNDP Sathabdi Smaraka College, Angadippuram
- St Mary's College, Puthanagadi
- ISS Arts and Science College, Ponniakurissy
- Nasra Arts and Science College, Nusrathul Islam Trust, Thirurkad
- AL JAMIA Arts and Science College, Pooppalam
- MES Women's College, Perinthalmanna
- Co-Operative College, Perinthalmanna
- Pratibha College, Nh-213 Hwy, Perinthalmanna
- Victory college, Ootty Rd, Perinthalmanna
- National Service Society - NSSI (Mission College), Jubilee Jn, Perinthalmanna
- AL JAMIA AL ISLAMIA - The Islamic University, Santapuram, Perinthalmanna
- Jamia Nooriyya Arabic College, Pattikkad
- Shuhadha Islamic College, Puthanagadi
- ILAHIYA Arabic College, Thirurkad
- Anwarul Islam Arabic College, Thirurkad
- Darul Uloom Teacher Training Institute, Thootha, Perinthalmanna
- Perfect Teachers Training Institute, Perinthalmanna
- ISS College of Teacher Education, Ponniakurissy, Perinthalmanna
- NTC College of Engineering (NTC Technical Institute), Perinthalmanna
- Anwar ITI (Industrial Training Institute-Run by: Thanveerul Islam Association), Tirurkad
- Hamad ITC, Thirurkad, Perinthalmanna
- Perfect ITC, (Run by Al-Kamil Charitable Trust), Perinthalmanna
- Al-Kamil ITC, Ooty Rd, Perinthalmanna
- Electro ITC-Industrial Training Institute, Near KC, Perinthalmanna
- Govt. ITI (SCDD), Pathaikkara, Perinthalmanna
- Food Craft Institute, Angadipuram (Jointly sponsored by Government of India and Government of Kerala)
Movie Theatres in the town
- Vismaya Cinemas Qube 7.1 DTS (Multiplex Theatre with 4 Screens)
- KC Movies DTS PXD, Pattambi Road
- KC Neon Movies DTS, Pattambi Road
- Savitha Theatre, Calicut Road
- Sangeetha Theatre, Near Sangeetha Junction
- Poonthanam, author of the poem Njanappana
- E.M.S. Namboodiripad, born in Elamkulam
- Neralattu Rama Poduval,
- Nalakath Soopy, MLA for 26 years from 1980- 2006 and former Minister for Education
- Nanthanar P.C. Gopalan, the author of "Unnikkuttante Oru Divasam " and such beautiful novels born at angadippuram
- Cherukadu a notable marxian writer born at Eravimangalam
- Vazhenkada Kunju Nair, an outstanding Kathakali mastero born at Vazhenkada
- Manjalamkuzhi Ali, current MLA from the constituency
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perintalmanna.|
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.