t'Perioperative nursing is a nursing specialty that works with patients who are having operative or other invasive procedures. Perioperative nurses work closely with surgeons, nurse anesthetists, surgical technologists, and nurse practitioners. They perform preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care primarily in operating theatres, stress test evaluations, cardiac monitoring, vascular monitoring, and health assessments. Perioperative nurses typically have Basic Life Support and Advanced Cardiac Life Support certification.
Perioperative nursing roles
Perioperative nurses may perform several roles, including circulator, scrub nurse, pre-op nurse, PACU nurse, OR Director, Registered Nurse First Assistant (RNFA), and Patient Educator.
A circulator is a perioperative nurse that manages the nursing care of a patient during surgery. The circulator observes for breaches in surgical asepsis and coordinating the needs of the surgical team. The circulator is not scrubbed in the case, but rather manages the care and environment during surgery.
A scrub nurse is a perioperative nurse that works directly with the surgeon within the sterile field. The scrub nurse passes instruments, sponges, and other items needed during the procedure. The title comes from the requirement to scrub their hands and arms with special disinfecting solutions.
RN First Assistant
An RNFA is the surgeon's assistant that provides aid in exposure, hemostasis, closure, and other intraoperative technical functions that help the surgeon carry out a safe operation. The duties include a review of the patient's case, assist OR staff in preparing for the operative procedure, assist with positioning, prepping and draping of the patient, provide retraction, maintain hemostasis, performing knot tying, provide closure of tissue layers, help fixate implant devices, drill, ream, cauterize and approximate tissues, and complete the procedure by cleaning and applying dressings, casts, or splints. This role requires additional education and training above and beyond traditional education for becoming a Registered Nurse.
|This nursing-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|