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Parus ater 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Coal tit, Periparus ater
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Periparus
Sélys Longchamps, 1884

Periparus rufonuchalis
Periparus rubidiventris
Periparus amabilis
Periparus venustulus
Periparus elegans
Periparus ater

Periparus is a genus of birds in the tit family that, as defined here, consists of the following species:

All occur in Asia; the coal tit also has a wide range in Europe and North Africa. These birds have white cheeks and most have a tufted head.

Most authorities consider Periparus a subgenus of the genus Parus, but the Handbook of the Birds of the World considers it distinct (del Hoyo et al. 2007), as does the American Ornithologists' Union[citation needed]. This is supported by mtDNA (cytochrome b) sequence analysis (Gill et al., 2005).

The yellow-bellied tit of China and the Palawan tit and elegant tit of the Philippines are sometimes placed in a separate genus, Pardaliparus.

To add to the uncertainty, the elegant tit is probably paraphyletic and the coal tit may be. The melanolophus race of the coal tit, called the black-crested tit or spot-winged tit, is sometimes considered a separate species.