Perischoechinoidea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Perischoechinoidea
Temporal range: Middle Ordovician–Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Subclass: Perischoechinoidea
McCoy, 1849
Orders

(See text)

Perischoechinoidea is a subclass of primitive sea urchins that were abundant in the Palaeozoic seas. However, the great majority of species died out during the Mesozoic, as the more advanced euechinoid sea urchins became common. Today, only a single order, the Cidaroida, survives.

Most fossil forms had multiple columns of ambulacral plates, rather than the two rows found in all living species of sea urchin. They also lacked a perignathic girdle around the mouth.

Taxonomy[edit]

The group is probably a paraphyletic assemblage of stem forms, united only by their lack of more advanced features, rather than a true taxonomic clade.

Subclass Perischoechinoidea

  • Order Cidaroida
  • Order Bothriocidaroida †
  • Order Echinocystitoida †
  • Order Megalopoda †
  • Order Palaechinoida †

References[edit]

  • Barnes, Robert D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 980. ISBN 0-03-056747-5. 
  • National History Museum. "Palaeozoic Echinoidea". Retrieved 20 Dec 2009.