Temporal range: Middle Ordovician–Recent
Perischoechinoidea is a subclass of primitive sea urchins that were abundant in the Palaeozoic seas. However, the great majority of species died out during the Mesozoic, as the more advanced euechinoid sea urchins became common. Today, only a single order, the Cidaroida, survives.
Most fossil forms had multiple columns of ambulacral plates, rather than the two rows found in all living species of sea urchin. They also lacked a perignathic girdle around the mouth.
- Order Cidaroida
- Order Bothriocidaroida †
- Order Echinocystitoida †
- Order Megalopoda †
- Order Palaechinoida †
- Barnes, Robert D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 980. ISBN 0-03-056747-5.
- National History Museum. "Palaeozoic Echinoidea". Retrieved 20th Dec 2009.
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