Pernå – Pernaja
|— Former municipality —|
|• Municipal manager||Ralf Sjödahl|
|• Total||1,107.07 km2 (427.44 sq mi)|
|• Land||419.47 km2 (161.96 sq mi)|
|• Water||687.6 km2 (265.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||9.44/km2 (24.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
It is located in the province of Southern Finland and was part of the Eastern Uusimaa region. The municipality had a population of 3,961 (31 December 2009) and covered an area of 1,107.07 square kilometres (427.44 sq mi) of which 687.6 km2 (265.5 sq mi) is water. The population density was 9.44 inhabitants per square kilometre (24.4 /sq mi).
Pernå is the oldest municipality in the Eastern Uusimaa region. Current municipalities Lapinjärvi Liljendal and Loviisa were originally part of it. Mikael Agricola, the founder of written Finnish born in Pernå in the early 16th century. He is also considered to be the Reformator of Finland in the transfer from Catholicism into Lutheranism. Situated conveniently by the coast, and engulfing also a small river, the lands of Pernå were attractiv at a time when waterways rather than proper roads provided the means of transport. Pernå houses numerous manors dating back to the times when Finland was a part of Sweden. The origin of the name "Pernå" is still being discussed. Some think it links with the Uralic word "Pern" meaning lime- or lindentree. "Å" is Swedish for a small river, i.e. the name then being Lindenriver if translated.
- "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2009" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
- "Population by municipality as of 31 December 2009". Population Information System (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- Piipponen, Sirkka-Liisa (2008-06-12). "Loviisa, Pernaja, Ruotsinpyhtää ja Liljendal". Kunnat.net (in Finnish). Helsinki: The Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
Media related to Pernå at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipality of Pernå – Official website (Swedish) (Finnish)