Pernambuco coastal forests

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Pernambuco coastal forests
Zona da Mata 1.jpg
Forest near Recife, Brazil.
Pernambuco coastal forests WWF.png
Ecology
Biome Atlantic Forest
Borders Pernambuco interior forests, Southern Atlantic mangroves and Caatinga
Bird species 407[1]
Mammal species 122[1]
Geography
Area 17,680 km2 (6,830 sq mi)
Country  Brazil
States Pernambuco, Alagoas and Paraíba
Conservation
Habitat loss 92.3%[1]
Protected 0.36%[1]

The Pernambuco coastal forests is an ecoregion of the Tropical moist broadleaf forests Biome, and the South American Atlantic Forest biome. It is located in northeastern Brazil.

Geography[edit]

The Pernambuco coastal forests occupy an 80 km-wide strip along the Atlantic coast of northeastern Brazil in the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas. The forests extend from near sea level to 600–800 metres (2,000–2,600 ft) in elevation, on the windward slopes of the Borborema Plateau.

The Goiana River of Pernambuco marks the forests' northern extent, and the Mundaú River of Alagoas the southern extent.

The ecoregion is bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and the coastal Atlantic Coast restingas forests and Rio Piranhas mangroves. To the east, the forests transition to the drier Pernambuco interior forests and Caatinga.

Climate[edit]

The ecoregion has a tropical climate with annual rainfall ranging from 1,750 to 2,000 mm. There is a dry period from October through January.

Natural history[edit]

Pernambuco coastal forest habitat, in Camaragibe.
Alagoas Curassow, an extinct in wild species of the forest in Alagoas.

Flora[edit]

The four-tiered evergreen Atlantic moist forests are the predominant vegetation type.

Fauna[edit]

The ecoregion is an endemic bird area that harbors 13 threatened species of birds. It also harbors the last populations of the Red-handed Howler Monkey (Alouatta belzebul) and Blond capuchin (Sapajus flavius) in the Atlantic Forests.

Conservation and threats[edit]

Coastal forests in Pernambuco have a long history of deforestation. The first cycle of destruction was due to "Pau-brasil" (Caesalpinia echinata) extraction. After the extraction of Pau-brasil, through the mid-20th century, the sugarcane industry was mainly responsible for the forest clearing.

Forests remnants are small, most with less 10 km² and surrounded by sugarcane fields. There is only 87 km² of isolated conservation units. It isn't an enough amount to maintain biodiversity and key ecological processes.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L., ed. The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26256-0. 
  2. ^ "Pernambuco coastal forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.