Perosamine

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Perosamine
Perosamine.png
Identifiers
CAS number 31348-80-8 YesY
PubChem 161706
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C6H13NO4
Molar mass 163.172 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Perosamine (or GDP-perosamine) is a mannose-derived 4-aminodeoxysugar produced by some bacteria.

Biological role[edit]

N-acetyl-perosamine is found in the O-antigen of Gram-negative bacteria such as Vibrio cholarae O1, E. coli O157:H7 and Caulobacter crescentus CB15.[1] The sugar is also found in perimycin, an antibiotic produced by the Gram-positive organism Streptomyces coelicolor var. aminophilus.[2]

Biosynthesis[edit]

Its biosynthesis from mannose-1-phosphate follows a pathway similar to that of colitose, but is different in that it is aminated and does not undergo 3-OH deoxygenation or C-5 epimerization.[3]

GDP-4-keto-6-deoxymannose-4-aminotransferase (GDP-perosamine synthase)[edit]

GDP-perosamine synthase is a PLP-dependent enzyme that transfers a nitrogen from glutamate to the 4-keto position of GDP-4-keto-6-deoxymannose during the biosynthesis of GDP-perosamine.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Samuel G, Reeves P (2003). "Biosynthesis of O-antigens: genes and pathways involved in nucleotide sugar precursor synthesis and O-antigen assembly". Carbohydr. Res. 338 (23): 2503–19. doi:10.1016/j.carres.2003.07.009. PMID 14670712. 
  2. ^ Pawlak J, Sowiński P, Borowski E, Gariboldi P (September 1995). "Stereostructure of perimycin A". J. Antibiot. 48 (9): 1034–8. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.48.1034. PMID 7592049. Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  3. ^ Albermann C, Piepersberg W (August 2001). "Expression and identification of the RfbE protein from Vibrio cholerae O1 and its use for the enzymatic synthesis of GDP-D-perosamine". Glycobiology 11 (8): 655–61. doi:10.1093/glycob/11.8.655. PMID 11479276. Retrieved 2010-01-24.