Perplexus (formerly known as Superplexus) is a 3-D ball-in-a-maze puzzle or labyrinth game enclosed in a transparent plastic sphere. By twisting and turning the sphere, players attempt to maneuver a small steel ball through an intricate maze composed of 100 steps along narrow plastic tracks. Additionally, some of the steps involve dropping the ball into a cup or through a small rim to take advantage of its three-dimensional nature. There are obstacles of varying difficulty that must be navigated in order to reach the end.
In 2009, Busy Life, LLC became the licensed manufacturer of the Perplexus line of toys. It is exclusively distributed by Spin Master Ltd. In 2009 the toy was made available online.
There are currently five kinds of Perplexus: Rookie, Original, Epic, Twist, and Warp. Perplexus was co-invented by teacher and magician Michael McGinnis and toy inventors Brian Clemens and Dan Klitsner of San Francisco-based KID Group—known for the invention of the games Bop It, HyperDash, and other titles. McGinnis first sketched ideas for three-dimensional labyrinths in the late 1970s. Years later, he showed sketches and rough prototypes to Clemens and Klitsner (1999). After a year of collaboration and many prototypes, they perfected the toy's gameplay so that it was easy enough for a young child to start, yet challenging for any age due to its many levels. A version with an electronic timer named Superplexus was launched in 2001, but with limited availability.
- Michael McGinnis's page about the development of Superplexus
- An article in SFGate about SuperPlexus
- A video interview with Michael McGinnis about the development of Superplexus
- The officially licensed website and makers of Perplexus
- The official UK Distributor of the Perplexus
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