Perris, California

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City of Perris
City
Former Perris railway station
Former Perris railway station
Official seal of City of Perris
Seal
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°47′48″N 117°13′28″W / 33.79667°N 117.22444°W / 33.79667; -117.22444Coordinates: 33°47′48″N 117°13′28″W / 33.79667°N 117.22444°W / 33.79667; -117.22444
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Government
 • Mayor Daryl Busch
Area[1]
 • Total 31.503 sq mi (81.594 km2)
 • Land 31.393 sq mi (81.308 km2)
 • Water 0.110 sq mi (0.286 km2)  0.35%
Elevation 1,453 ft (443 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 68,386
 • Density 2,200/sq mi (840/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92570-92572, 92599
Area code(s) 951
FIPS code 06-56700
GNIS feature ID 1652772

Perris is a city in Riverside County, California, USA, located 17.6 miles (28.3 km) south of Riverside, California. At the 2010 census, the city population was 68,386, up from 36,189 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

The Perris Valley was actively settled in the 1880s, a boom period for Southern California. Prior to 1880, the land was used for pastures. The coming of the California Southern Railroad lead to the founding of the city around the new depot. The California Southern was built through the future town site in 1882 to open a rail connection between the present day cities of Barstow and San Diego. Due to a land title dispute at Pinacate, most of its citizens moved two miles north on the railroad and established Perris in 1885. The city is named in honor of Fred T. Perris, chief engineer of the California Southern Railroad. The city of Perris was incorporated in 1911. It originally was part of San Diego County, but in 1892 was transferred to the newly established Riverside County.[2]

Perris now incorporates Pinacate Station which is the home of the Orange Empire Railway Museum (a.k.a. "the trolley museum") - the largest operating museum of its kind on the West Coast of the United States.

On March 20, 2007, Perris was featured on ABC's Nightline news show during its "Realty Check" segment. The story dealt with the rising trend of home foreclosures in Riverside County, and Perris was referred to as the "epicenter".

The "Farmer Boys" restaurant chain, which has many locations throughout the Inland Empire, was started in Perris in 1981.

Perris is also known for the Rock Castle house set on a hill above town.

Geography[edit]

Perris is located at 33°47′48″N 117°13′28″W / 33.796576°N 117.224382°W / 33.796576; -117.224382.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.5 square miles (82 km2), of which, 31.4 square miles (81 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.35%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Perris has a Mediterranean climate, with warm to hot summers and cool winters. In the summer, highs average in the mid to high 90's, and during the winter, the lows can get as cold as 25, with averages in the mid to upper 30's.

Perris is also notable for being a slight hotspot for tornadoes, the most recent of which struck down with an EF0 rating on August 12, 2012.

The climate in this area is described by the Köppen Climate Classification System as "dry-summer subtropical" often referred to as "Mediterranean" and abbreviated as Csa.[4]

Climate data for Perris, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18
(65)
20
(68)
20
(68)
23
(74)
27
(80)
29
(85)
36
(97)
36
(97)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
18
(64)
25.8
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(35)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(42)
8
(47)
11
(52)
14
(57)
15
(59)
12
(53)
8
(47)
4
(40)
2
(35)
7.4
(45.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.6)
48
(1.9)
33
(1.3)
30
(1)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
8
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
10
(0.4)
3
(0.1)
50
(2)
36
(1.4)
270
(10.4)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 499
1930 763 52.9%
1940 1,011 32.5%
1950 1,807 78.7%
1960 2,950 63.3%
1970 4,228 43.3%
1980 6,827 61.5%
1990 21,460 214.3%
2000 36,189 68.6%
2010 68,386 89.0%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Perris had a population of 68,386. The population density was 2,170.7 people per square mile (838.1/km²). The racial makeup of Perris was 28,937 (42.3%) White (11.0% Non-Hispanic White),[7] 8,307 (12.1%) African American, 589 (0.9%) Native American, 2,461 (3.6%) Asian, 286 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 24,345 (35.6%) from other races, and 3,461 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49,079 persons (71.8%).

The Census reported that 68,146 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 140 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 100 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 16,365 households, out of which 10,836 (66.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,778 (59.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,128 (19.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,441 (8.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,314 (8.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 120 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,442 households (8.8%) were made up of individuals and 383 (2.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.16. There were 14,347 families (87.7% of all households); the average family size was 4.32.

The population was spread out with 25,288 people (37.0%) under the age of 18, 7,951 people (11.6%) aged 18 to 24, 20,088 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 11,711 people (17.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,348 people (4.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

There were 17,906 housing units at an average density of 568.4 per square mile (219.5/km²), of which 10,854 (66.3%) were owner-occupied, and 5,511 (33.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 44,695 people (65.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 23,451 people (34.3%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census,[8] there were 36,189 people, 9,652 households, and 8,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,153.5 per square mile (445.4/km²). There were 10,553 housing units at an average density of 336.4 per square mile (129.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was predominately Hispanic, with figures as follows: 22% White, 30.9% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 32.6% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 76.2% of the population.

The median household income was $35,522, and the median family income was $36,063. Males had a median income of $31,891 versus $24,634 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,425. About 18.1% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

There were 9,652 households out of which 56.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.9% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.7 and the average family size was 4.0.

In the city the population was spread out with 39.6% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. Perris' large youthful demographics is a result of families moved into the city's new housing tracts. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

Diversity[edit]

Perris had developed a Latino majority in the 1990s partly by recent immigration (esp. Central Americans and Mexicans) and the descendants of Mexican traqueros in the 1890s. In the early and mid 20th century, the town had a large Mexican-American community centered on Perris Boulevard, Ellis Road, "D" Street and Pinacate Road (see Romoland). Starting 25 years ago, a large wave of African-American families, many from South Los Angeles bought homes in affordable middle-class areas which gave Perris an above-average black percentage compared to the typical California city. There are fairly large Thai, Laotian and Cambodian communities - Southeast Asian ethnic groups which arrived in the 1980s had grown in size during the 1990s, with many more including Chinese Americans from the Los Angeles/Orange County area. Today, about one-eighth of Perris is Asian American and their representation is expected to grow further in the future.

Despite the city's image of some urban professionals ("yuppies") residing in homes now worth over $400,000 (i.e. the post-2000s May Ranch and Green Valley communities), the older sections of Perris are home to working-class and low-income residents. Much of the rural outskirts of Perris once held an image of trailer parks where economically disadvantaged whites and blacks, and migrant laborers (mostly Chicanos and Mexican immigrants) predominated before real estate values soared in the 1990s and 2000s. The Moreno Valley and Perris region recovered from two economic slumps each in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, especially after the closure and reassignment of March Joint Air Reserve Base and the later usage of the airfield by DHL corporation for its warehouse distribution center.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Perris is located in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Perris is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10[9] and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.

Infrastructure[edit]

Aviation[edit]

The nearby, privately owned, Perris Valley Airport (FAA designator: L65) has a 5,100-foot (1,600 m) runway. Perris has drawn a crowd of skydivers, amateur and professional, to Perris Valley Skydiving. The area's sudden fame gave Perris the nickname: "the skydiving capital of America".[citation needed]. On April 22, 1992, a de Havilland Twin Otter crashed during takeoff at Perris Valley after an engine lost power. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the accident was caused by contaminated fuel obtained from the improper handling of the airfield’s fuel tanks and the pilot's improper actions after the power loss, as well as other factors. The aircraft never rose above 50 feet and 14 parachutists and the two pilots were killed.[10]

Highways[edit]

Perris is served by Interstate 215 and State Route 74.

Education[edit]

The city is served by three school districts: the Perris Elementary School District, Perris Union High School District and the Val Verde Unified School District, which also serves the southern part of Moreno Valley. Perris High School of the Perris district is the city's first public (grades 9-12) school. Established in 1887, the school was relocated in 1961, and the school's western annex on I-215 and Nuevo Road became a Continuation High School in 1993. Now, there are more high schools in the area including Citrus Hill of the Val Verde district.

Middle schools include Pinacate, Lakeside, Perris and Tomas Rivera. There are ten elementary (grades K-6) schools (two recently opened in 2007).

Public safety[edit]

The Riverside County Sheriff's Department provides police services to the entire Perris Valley area (including the nearby towns/areas of Mead Valley, Quail Valley and Glen Valley, and the Cities of Canyon Lake and newly incorporated Menifee) from its regional station on 4th Street (in the former headquarters of the now-disbanded Perris Police Department).

The city of Perris contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE. The CAL FIRE/Riverside County Fire Department headquarters is located in Perris.[11]

The California State Parks have a dispatch center located in the city as well- Southern Communications Center (SURCOM).[12] Communications Centers operate multi-frequency/channel radio systems, law enforcement telecommunications systems (CLETS), computer terminals, and associated equipment to dispatch law enforcement/emergency response units and coordinate services with field personnel and other agencies.

Railway[edit]

The tracks of the former California Southern Railroad between Riverside and Perris are still intact, and there is a railway station in Perris. The passenger service to Perris was discontinued long ago. There are plans to extend the 91 Metrolink Line from Riverside to Perris using the existing tracks.[13] Currently, the train station functions as a bus station.

Cemetery[edit]

The Perris Valley Cemetery District[14] maintains the Perris Valley Cemetery.[15][16]

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Southern Hotel". National Park Service. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Perris
  5. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on September 4, 2013.
  6. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  7. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0656700.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  10. ^ http://www.ntsb.gov/speeches/former/hall/jh970920.htm
  11. ^ http://rvcfire.org/ourDepartment/ServiceArea/Pages/default.aspx
  12. ^ http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=21319
  13. ^ "Perris Valley Line". perrisvalleyline.info. 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  14. ^ California Association of Public Cemeteries, Members
  15. ^ 33°47′41″N 117°13′25″W / 33.79472°N 117.22361°W / 33.79472; -117.22361 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Perris Valley Cemetery
  16. ^ Perris Valley Cemetery Find A Grave
  17. ^ The Land of the Astronauts at the Internet Movie Database

External links[edit]