Perry County, Illinois

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Perry County, Illinois
Perry County Courthouse in Pinckneyville.jpg
Perry County Courthouse in Pinckneyville
Map of Illinois highlighting Perry County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1827
Named for Oliver Hazard Perry
Seat Pinckneyville
Largest city Du Quoin
Area
 • Total 447 sq mi (1,158 km2)
 • Land 442 sq mi (1,145 km2)
 • Water 5.2 sq mi (13 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 22,350
 • Density 51/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.perrycountyil.org

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,350.[1] Its county seat is Pinckneyville.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Perry County was formed in 1827 out of Jackson and Randolph counties. It was named in honor of Oliver Hazard Perry who defeated the British fleet at the decisive Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.

In its early history, Perry County was mainly an inland pioneer outpost. Early settlers, including some Revolutionary War veterans bearing land grants, moved here from the Eastern United States. These were primarily Protestant settlers. Growth boomed in the 1850s for two reasons: construction of the Illinois Central Railroad through the eastern portion of the county, and the discovery of large coal reserves. Immigrants from Ireland, Poland, Germany, Italy and elsewhere steadily increased the County's population from 1850 through the 1920s. African Americans also were established in the County during northward migration following the Civil War.

Mining continued to be the dominant employment sector through the 1990s.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 447 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 442 square miles (1,140 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.2%) is water.[3]

Perry County is located in Southern Illinois. Pinckneyville, at the center of the county, is approximately 70 miles (110 km) southeast of St. Louis, Missouri and 300 miles (480 km) southwest of Chicago. The Mississippi River lies about 10 miles (16 km) west and southwest of the County at its closest point.

The County's topography is mainly flat with some rolling hills. The part of the County's eastern border, the part shared with Franklin County, is formed by the Little Muddy River. Beaucoup Creek runs north to south through the County and lies just east of Pinckneyville.

The county's topography also features many "strip cut" lakes, lakes left behind following above-ground coal mining. Lakes at two of the county's chief recreation areas, the Du Quoin State Fairgrounds and Pyramid State Recreation Area, were formed this way.

Climate and weather[edit]

Pinckneyville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.8
 
40
22
 
 
2.6
 
46
26
 
 
4.3
 
57
36
 
 
4.3
 
68
45
 
 
4.8
 
77
55
 
 
4.2
 
86
64
 
 
3.5
 
90
68
 
 
3.3
 
88
65
 
 
3.3
 
81
57
 
 
3.2
 
71
45
 
 
4.4
 
56
36
 
 
3.5
 
44
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pinckneyville have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.61 inches (66 mm) in February to 4.81 inches (122 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,215
1840 3,222 165.2%
1850 5,278 63.8%
1860 9,552 81.0%
1870 13,723 43.7%
1880 16,007 16.6%
1890 17,529 9.5%
1900 19,830 13.1%
1910 22,088 11.4%
1920 22,901 3.7%
1930 22,767 −0.6%
1940 23,438 2.9%
1950 21,684 −7.5%
1960 19,184 −11.5%
1970 19,757 3.0%
1980 21,714 9.9%
1990 21,412 −1.4%
2000 23,094 7.9%
2010 22,350 −3.2%
Est. 2013 21,887 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 23,094 people, 8,504 households, and 5,842 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 9,457 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.55% White, 8.02% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.2% were of German, 17.8% American, 9.6% Irish, 9.0% English, 6.1% Italian, 5.5% Polish and 1.0% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 8,504 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 113.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,281, and the median income for a family was $41,064. Males had a median income of $29,169 versus $20,170 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,935. About 10.10% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pinckneyville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°05′N 89°22′W / 38.09°N 89.37°W / 38.09; -89.37