Location in Perry County and the state of Arkansas
|• Total||4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)|
|• Land||4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||295 ft (90 m)|
|• Density||303.8/sq mi (117.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0073047|
Perryville is a city in and the county seat of Perry County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,460 at the 2010 census, an increase of just two persons from 2000. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,458 people, 568 households, and 379 families residing in the city. The population density was 305.6 people per square mile (118.0/km²). There were 626 housing units at an average density of 131.2 per square mile (50.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.39% White, 0.62% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 568 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,596, and the median income for a family was $38,229. Males had a median income of $27,321 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,299. About 13.4% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Central Arkansas Library System includes the Max Milam Library in Perryville.
Heifer Ranch in rural Perryville is a working educational farm operated by Heifer International, headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas. The 1,200-acre Heifer Ranch has gardens and livestock, including water buffalo, camels, goats, pigs, llamas and other animals. Heifer Ranch, at 55 Heifer Road, offers hands-on, interactive programs and activities promoting sustainable solutions to global hunger, poverty and environmental issues.
The first Perry County courthouse was built in Perryville in 1841, a year after Perry County was created, and five years after the state of Arkansas was created. The town was platted sometime before 1850.
John Rison and his new wife, Harriet, moved to Perryville in 1844 and started the community's first church, a Methodist congregation. Their log home became a community gathering place and is now the oldest building in Perryville. In 1849, Rison bought six lots across from his home to build a log store and a schoolhouse.
The original log courthouse was burned during a dispute between two families. Historians are uncertain when the courthouse was burned — various sources say 1848 or 1850. Another log courthouse was built on the site.
In 1872, a wood-framed courthouse was built a half mile from the older log courthouse on donated land. It burned in May 1874 and was rebuilt. It burned again in December 1881 and was again rebuilt. Perry County's current courthouse was built in 1888 for $4,000.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- http://www.heifer.org/what-you-can-do/experience-heifer/heifer-ranch/index.html/ Heifer Ranch
- "Perryville history," Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, 100 Rock St., Little Rock, AR 72201