Pershyi Natsionalnyi (Ukraine)
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2010)|
|First National Channel
Перший національний канал
|Launched||1 February 1939|
|Owned by||Government of Ukraine, National Television Company of Ukraine|
|Picture format||4:3 (576i, SDTV)|
First National (Ukrainian: Перший національний, Pershyi Natsionalnyi) is the state-run television channel in Ukraine, operated by the National Television Company of Ukraine. It is the only Ukrainian TV channel covering over 97% of Ukraine's territory. Its programs are oriented on all social layers of the Ukrainian society and national minorities. Among priority directions of the network are informative publicism, popular scientific, culturologic, entertaining and sport-oriented On 1 September 2008, the State Television went through a major rebranding that includes logo, idents change and new program openers. The new logo consists of the word "Pershyi" ("First"). UT-1 (short for Ukrayinske Telebachennia - 1) is a traditional professional abbreviation of this channel.
UT plans to acquire public broadcaster status by 2009. The government will lose its direct control over the national network. The Public Television Network will consist of several channels, such as, "First Channel", "Second Channel", "Euronews Ukraine" and "Ukraine and the World".
The first attempt of broadcasting was accomplished on February 1, 1939 which lasted for 40 minutes. The second attempt was only after some time upon conclusion of World War II, on November 6 and 7, 1951. When the Kievan studio broadcast two shows. The next attempt was conducted on May 1, 1952 when the studio broadcast a concert anchored by Novela Separionova. In 1953 was accomplished the building construction of Kievan telecenter at 26 Khreschatyk. It was the third official telecenter established in the Soviet Union. Although the regular broadcasting was established only since November 1956. Until then the studio was only presenting couple of shows per day.
On 20 January 1965, spectators in some Ukrainian oblasts (regions) could see a screen with two big capital letters "УТ" ("UT") that symbolized the beginning of the united all-republican teleprogram. Its time on air was over 200 hours in 1965. On 6 March 1972, the UT started to go on air on two channels at a time - УТ-1 (UT-1) and УТ-2 (UT-2). In the end of the 1970s the building of the UT on Khreshchatyk was reconstructed and the employees got three new studios, but the question of building a new modern TV-center was raised soon. The construction of the new UT headquarters started in 1983 and was finished in 1993. The new center was built at 42 Melnykov Street and was officially inspected by the President of Ukraine, Leonid Kravchuk.
In 2002 the National Television Company of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Space Agency started to broadcast First National (UT-1) through a satellite abroad. In 2004 the UT-2 channel stopped its broadcasting. UTR started its broadcasting on UT-2's frequency. UT-1 was renamed First Channel. In 2005 Taras Stets'kiv became the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine. First Channel prepared to and held the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 successfully in Kiev. In 2006 Vitaliy Dokalenko was appointed as the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine by former Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko. In 2010 Yehor Benkendorf, former chief producer of Inter TV channel, was appointed as the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine by Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovich.
TV channel replace 5 logotypes. Present — 6th on account.
With 1972 by 1997 stand in left upper corner. With 1997 by present time stand in right upper corner.
- With March 6, 1972 by August 23, 1997 logotype be there with big word «УТ-1» and logotype be there white and semitransparent. Find in left upper corner.
- With August 24, 1997 by February 6, 1998 logotype be there red-green-blue triangle that remotely resemble a diagonal one. Find in right upper corner.
- With February 7, 1998 by August 23, 2005 logotype be there with white one and transparent vertical line and logotype be there white and semitransparent. Find there while.
- With August 24, 2005 by Marsh 31, 2006 white one include in ring with white boundary paths and red background. Find there while.
- With April 1, 2006 by August 31, 2008 white one include in ring with white boundary paths and transparent background and logotype be there white and non-transparent. Find there while.
- With September 1, 2008 by present time white and transparent logotype, in Ukrainian, the word «ПЕРШИЙ».
- until 1995 (National Television Company of Ukraine - State Tele-Radio Company of Ukraine)
- June 1, 1995 - August 21, 1996 Oleksandr Savenko
- August 21, 1996 - November 18, 1996 Zynoviy Kulyk (interim)
- November 18, 1996 - October 1, 1998 Viktor Leshyk
- October 5, 1998 - November 17, 1998 Mykola Kniazhytskyi
- November 17, 1998 - June 21, 1999 Zynoviy Kulyk
- June 21, 1999 - July 15, 1999 Oleksandr Savenko (interim)
- July 16, 1999 - November 19, 2001 Vadym Dolhanov
- November 19, 2001 - March 28, 2003 Ihor Storozhuk
- March 28, 2003 - February 25, 2005 Oleksandr Savenko (second term)
- February 25, 2005 - September 8, 2005 Taras Stetskiv
- October 27, 2005 - February 18, 2008 Vitaliy Dokalenko
- February 25, 2008 - March 17, 2010 Vasyl Ilaschuk
- March 17, 2010 – February 20, 2013 Ehor Benkendorf
- February 20, 2013 - March 24, 2014 Oleksandr Panteleymonov (interim)
- March 25, 2014 - present Zurab Alasania
- Перший національний відтепер ПЕРШИЙ in the Перший канал. Офіційний сайт
- http://www.kyivpost.com/news/opinion/op_ed/detail/62539/ TV-managed democracy coming soon to nation