Persian symphonic music
|Music of Iran|
Persian symphonic music (sometimes referred to as Persian polyphonic music) generally refers to the pieces by the Persian (Iranian) composers which have been composed for Western ensembles and orchestras, mostly based on the Persian folk and classical melodies. Persian symphonic music also can be used for the non-Persian composers' works which are based on/inspired by Persian music such as Henry Cowell's Persian Set.
The first serious pieces of Persian symphonic music were composed by Gholma-Reza Minbashian and Gholam-Hossein Minbashian in around the 1930s, later by Aminollah Hossein who lived in France and Parviz Mahmoud in the 1940s.
Next generation of the Persian symphonic music composers where Houshang Ostovar, Samin Baghtcheban, Emanuel Melik-Aslanian, Morteza Hannaneh, Hossein Nassehi, Hossein Dehlavi, Hormoz Farhat, Ahmad Pejman, and Mohammad Taghi Massoudieh, etc.
Many symphonic pieces of the Persian composers have not yet been performed or recorded because of financial and political problems in Persia (Iran).
The first collection of Persian symphonic music works titled "Symphonic Poems From Persia" ("Symphonische Dichtungen aus Persien") was performed by the Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra under Ali Rahbari in 1980. In late 1990s Manouchehr Sahbai recorded three CDs of Persian symphonic music pieces in Bulgaria and Austria.
Some critics reject combining Persian music with Western orchestration because of differing intervallic distances between Persian and Western scales but the composers have found several ways to solve such problems. Some claim they can add more to World Symphonic music literature by this way.
- Tehran Times
- Interview with Mehdi Hosseini, The St.Petersburg Times August 15, 2012 (Issue # 1722).