Persian Braille

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Persian Braille
Type
abjad
Languages Persian
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Persian alphabet
Child systems
Urdu Braille

Persian Braille is the braille alphabet for the Persian language. It is largely compatible with Arabic Braille, which may be found (in uncontracted form)[1] within Persian Braille texts. There are a few additional letters.[2]

Persian Braille is read from left to right, following the international convention. Numbers are also left to right, rather than switching direction as they do in printed Arabic.

Persian Braille charts[edit]

Letters[edit]

Print آ ا ب پ ت ث ج ح خ د ذ
Braille ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
Print ر ز ژ س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ
Braille ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠿ (braille pattern dots-123456) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
Print ف ق ک گ ل م ن و ه ى [3]
Braille ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)

Numbers and arithmetic[edit]

Numbers are the same as in English Braille. Arithmetical symbols are introduced by a separate braille prefix.

Print ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹ ۰
Braille ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
Print + × ÷ =
Braille ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Numbers follow operands without a space.[4] For example,

۲ × ۳ = ۶

is in braille,

Punctuation[edit]

Print , .  ?  !  ;  : - “ ... ” ( ... )
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ There are conflicts with contracted Arabic Braille. Arabic al- is equivalent to Persian ch, for example.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Per Unesco (2013), may be used when the letter ى is pronounced [iː], and may be used when it's pronounced [aː], but due to the conflation of these in print, they may both be written in braille.
  4. ^ [2]