In the time of the Dutch East Indies, the name of Persija is VIJ (Voetbalbond Indonesische Jacatra). VIJ was one who co-founded the club Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI) with the participation of representatives from VIJ, Mr. Soekardi in the establishment of PSSI in Societeit Hadiprojo Yogyakarta, Saturday, 19 April 1930. Post-Republic of Indonesia back to the Unitary State, VIJ renamed to Persija (Football Association of Indonesia, Jakarta). At that time, NIVU (Nederlandsch Indisch Voetbal Unie) as a rival organization PSSI still exist. On the other side, VBO (Voetbalbond Batavia en Omstreken) as bond (league) match Persija also still exist. Irrespective from the destiny or not, along with the sovereign state of Indonesia, NIVU will inevitably have to disband. The atmosphere eventually spread to their members, such as VBO. In the middle 1951, VBO held a meeting to dissolve itself (liquidation) and recommends itself to joined Persija. In the development, VBO joined Persija. In the triangular tournament friendlies, the combined players who are members of the Indonesian nation Persija "new" is confronted with Netherlands and Chinese. Here's the result: Persija (Indonesia) vs Netherlands 3–3 (29 June 1951), Chinese vs Netherlands 4–3 (30 June 1951), and Persija (Indonesia) vs Chinese 3–2 (1 July 1951). All games took place in the field BVC Merdeka Selatan, Jakarta.
MH Thamrin is one of the national heroes who cares about VIJ who now become Persija Jakarta, because he also likes football and he was born in Jakarta. He also take care of various things about Persija including the stadium. Reportedly Stadion VIJ in Petojo, Central Jakarta was also constructed by MH Thamrin using his own money.
Nowadays, Persija have a rivalry with Persib Bandung, which is more seen as a rivalry between supporters and have turned into hostility between both clubs hard-line supporters. Influenced by the media and some individuals that want the hostility to be preserved, many hostile incidents have occurred until today. In 2014, there had been a reconciliation held by Polda Jabar to avoid unnecessary future clashes.
Persija currently plays their home matches at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium. There have been a plan to make a new stadium for Persija in north Jakarta, which will be called Jakarta BMW Stadium. The plan is still in early planning and no construction have been done.
Persija Jakarta's traditional football club colour is red as the home kit, it follow Persija Jakarta colour. Now the home kit composed of orange jersey, accompanied by orange or red shorts and socks is traditionally white but however the socks can be either orange or red depending on the design. The traditional away kit is always all white but Persija also wear all black for the away kit. Persija was originally wear a red colour for home jersey but from 1997 Persija replace it with orange colour due to the decision from Jakarta governor at that moment, Sutiyoso.