Person of Cultural Merit
Person of Cultural Merit (文化功労者 bunka kōrōsha?) is an official Japanese recognition and honor which is awarded annually to select people who have made outstanding cultural contributions. This distinction is intended to play a role as a part of a system of support measures for the promotion of creative activities in Japan. By 1999, 576 people had been selected as Persons of Cultural Merit.
System of recognition
The Order of Culture and Persons of Cultural Merit function in tandem to honor those who have contributed to the advancement and development of Japanese culture in a variety of fields, including academia, arts, science and sports.
Order of Culture
The award ceremony, which takes place at the Imperial Palace on the Day of Culture (November 3). Candidates for the Order of Culture are selected from the Persons of Cultural Merit by the Minister for Education, Science, Sports and Culture who then recommends the candidates to the Prime Minister. The final decisions are made by the Cabinet.
Persons of Cultural Merit
The 1951 Law on Pensions for the Persons of Cultural Merit honors persons of cultural merit by providing a special government-sponsored pension. Since 1955, the new honorees have been announced on the same day as the award ceremony for the Order of Culture.
Decoration of Cultural Merit
- Makoto Asashima, developmental biologist.
- Seiji Ozawa, conductor.
- Hisao Domoto, abstract painter
- Toru Funamura, composer.
- Toshi Ichiyanagi, composer.
- Akira Isogai, bio-organic chemistry researcher.
- Tota Kaneko, haiku poet.
- Asami Maki, choreographer.
- Makoto Nagao, information engineering.
- Tomijuro Nakamura, Kabuki actor.
- Tatsuo Nishida, linguist.
- Man Nomura, Kyogen actor.
- Sayume Okuda, craftswoman.
- Hiroyuki Sakaki, electronic engineer.
- Koichi Shimoda, physicist.
- Kiichi Sumikawa, sculptor.
- Kenichi Tominaga, economic sociologist.
- Naoya Shiga (1951), author.
- Hideki Yukawa (1951), physicist.
- Susumu Tonegawa (1983), medical researcher.
- Hisaya Morishige (1984), actor.
- Ryotaro Shiba (1991), writer.
- Isuzu Yamada (1993), actress.
- Mitsuko Mori (1998), actress.
- Marius Berthus Jansen (1999), historian.
- Ito Masami (2000), judge.
- Ishimura Uzaemon XVII (2000), Kabuki actor.
- Shotaro Yasuoka (2001), writer.
- Donald Keene (2002), educator.
- Ken Takakura (2006), actor.
- Tatsuya Nakadai (2007), actor.
- Makoto Asashima (2008), biologist.
- Nakamura Tomijyuro V (2008), Kabuki actor.
- Taiho Koki (2009), sumo wrestler
- Sayuri Yoshinaga (2010), actress.
- Hideji Ōtaki (2011), actor.
- Matsumoto Kōshirō IX (2012), Kabuki actor.
- Hayao Miyazaki (2012), film director, animator, manga artist, producer, and screenwriter.
- Hiroko Takenishi (2012), author.
- Mitsumasa Anno (2012), artist, children's author.
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan): Culture 2000.
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- Frängsmyr, Tore. (1993). Nobel Lectures in Physiology or Medicine, 1981-1990, p. 380.
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- "Hayao Miyazaki receives Person of Cultural Merit honor". The Asahi Shimbun. Anime Anime Japan Ltd. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. 10-ISBN 1-890974-09-9; 13-ISBN 978-1-890974-09-1
- Japan, Cabinet Office: Decorations and Medals in Japan
- Decoration Bureau: Order of Culture
- Japan Mint: Production Process