Personality and image of Queen Elizabeth II

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Main article: Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II in 2007

Queen Elizabeth II has never given a press interview. Her views on political issues are therefore largely unknown except to those few heads of government in her confidence. Conservative in dress, she is well known for her solid-colour overcoats and matching hats which allow her to be seen easily in a crowd.[1] She attends many cultural events as part of her public role. Her main leisure interests include horse racing, photography, and dogs, especially her Pembroke Welsh corgis.[2]

Public image[edit]

Always a popular figure in the UK and many other countries, opinion polls have regularly shown that she has an excellent approval rating. Coinciding with her Diamond Jubilee, the Queen experienced an approval rate in the United Kingdom of 90% in 2012.[3] However, she was the second most popular member of the royal family in 2012 with the rate of 48%, after her grandson, Prince William, who was given the rate of 62%.[4][5][6][7]

Since she uses little political power in the day-to-day running of her countries outside of her advisory duties, she is, as a result, unlikely to be held responsible for unpopular policies followed by elected politicians. However, her weekly meetings with the Prime Minister of the UK, other meetings with her other prime ministers, and the images of her working at her desk reading government documents, make it appear as if she is not out of touch with her nations. In 2002, the Queen was ranked 24th in the 100 Greatest Britons poll. However, in 1997, she and other members of the royal family were perceived in the tabloid press as cold and unfeeling when they did not participate in the public outpouring of grief at the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.[8] The Queen ignored precedent to bow to Diana's coffin as it passed Buckingham Palace and also gave a live television broadcast paying tribute to Diana.[9]

Elizabeth's public image has noticeably softened in recent years; although she remains reserved in public, she has been seen laughing and smiling much more than in years past, and has shed tears during emotional occasions such as at Remembrance Day services,[10] the memorial service at St Paul's Cathedral for those killed in the September 11, 2001 attacks, and in Normandy, for the 60th anniversary of D-Day, where she addressed the Canadian troops. During most public appearances, she is dressed in solid colours, as this enhances visibility from a distance.

In recent years, Elizabeth has also been portrayed as being a modern grandmother. She is said to have been "addicted" to playing with a Nintendo Wii, which was bought by Kate Middleton for Prince William. She set up her e-mail account and owns both a mobile phone and an iPod.[11] When President Barack Obama visited the Queen and Prince Philip in April 2009, he gave her a personalised iPod, which was pre-loaded with forty "classic" tunes and video footage of her visit to Virginia.[12] The following month, on 21 May 2009, it was reported that video games company THQ had given the Queen a special version of the Nintendo Wii console; instead of the usual colour white plastic casing, the Queen's personalised version was gold-plated.[13]

Personality in diplomacy matters[edit]

United States President Gerald Ford and Queen Elizabeth dance during the state dinner in honor of the Queen and Prince Philip at the White House, 17 July 1976

In matters of diplomacy, Elizabeth is formal, and royal protocol is generally very strict. Though some of the traditional rules for dealing with the monarch have been relaxed during her reign (bowing is no longer required, for example, although it is still frequently performed), other forms of close personal interaction, such as touching, are discouraged by officials. At least five people are known to have broken this rule, the first being Alice Frazier, who hugged the Queen in 1991 during her 13-day United States visit, when Elizabeth, accompanied by Barbara Bush and Jack Kemp, visited a government housing project in Washington.[14] The second was Paul Keating, Prime Minister of Australia, when he was photographed with his arm around the Queen in 1992. The third was the Canadian cyclist Louis Garneau, who did the same thing ten years later, for a photograph with the Queen at Rideau Hall; the Queen appeared to take no offence at Garneau's action.[15] The fourth was John Howard, Paul Keating's successor as Prime Minister of Australia. In 1997 during the Cabot 500 celebrations of Newfoundland and Labrador, the then Premier Brian Tobin placed an arm behind her while walking up a staircase. This was frowned upon in the news regarding to Tobin breaking the royal rule, but the Premier said that he placed his arm around her as an effort to help an elderly woman climb the stairs. In 2009, the Queen initiated an affectionate gesture with First Lady Michelle Obama at a palace reception she attended with President Obama. The Queen rested her hand briefly at the small of the First Lady's back, a gesture that Mrs. Obama returned. It was remarked at the time as unprecedented and described afterwards by a palace spokeswoman as "a mutual and spontaneous display of affection and appreciation between The Queen and Michelle Obama."[16]

Media perception[edit]

Elizabeth has attended many cultural events as part of her public role. She has given an annual Christmas message to the Commonwealth every year, apart from 1969, since she became Queen. The Queen's first television message was aired on Christmas Day 1957.[17] In 2001, the Royal Christmas Message was webcast on the royal website for the first time and, in 2006, it was made available as a podcast. Her first appearance on live television in Canada was in Prescott, Ontario, in 1959 when, as Queen of Canada, she opened the Saint Lawrence Seaway.[18]

The journalist and BBC Radio 4 presenter John Humphrys has long stated that his career ambition is to get the first full interview with the Queen. In 2006, the Queen came close to an orthodox interview when she agreed to be portrait-painted by the popular Australian artist and personality Rolf Harris, who engaged in small talk with her, on film, and with palace permission. It was shown on the BBC, CBC, and ABC. However, their conversation ventured little beyond previous portraits of the Queen and royal art history in general, and the Queen's responses to Harris's conversational overtures were notably crisp and monosyllabic. The 1992 BBC documentary on the Queen, Elizabeth R, directed by Edward Mirzoeff on the fortieth anniversary of her accession, attracted record audiences for a factual programme.

The BBC, however, along with RDF Media Group, became the target of Her Majesty's lawyers, Farrer & Co, after the broadcaster aired a documentary trailer for Monarchy: The Royal Family at Work, which was edited in such a way as to make it appear as though the Queen had stormed out of a photo shoot with photographer Annie Leibovitz. The BBC had earlier apologised for the misrepresentation, which was fuelled by BBC1 controller Peter Fincham describing the Queen as "losing it a bit and walking out in a huff"; but, the Queen and Buckingham Palace were not satisfied with the results and pushed to sue for breach of contract.[19]

The Queen is the subject of "Her Majesty", written by Paul McCartney and featured on the Beatles' 1969 album Abbey Road; McCartney played the song at the Party at the Palace concert during the Elizabeth's golden jubilee in 2002. She had previously also been mentioned in the 1967 Lennon and McCartney song "Penny Lane". In 1977, The Sex Pistols issued "God Save the Queen", which became a controversial hit single, inspiring the punk rock movement with its lyrics suggesting "She ain't no human being", there was "no future" and comparing England to a "fascist regime."[20] The Smiths released the song and album The Queen Is Dead in 1986. The Pet Shop Boys have a track called Dreaming of the Queen. The Queen is the subject of "Elizabeth My Dear", which appears on The Stone Roses' eponymous debut. The Queen also plays detective in the Her Majesty Investigates series of mystery novels by C.C. Benison, which includes Death at Buckingham Palace and Death at Windsor Castle. The Queen is the subject of The Queen and I, written by Sue Townsend. She is referenced in the Travie McCoy song "Billionaire" where he sings that he wants to be "on the cover of Forbes magazine./ Smiling next to Oprah and the Queen."

In 2006, she was portrayed by Helen Mirren in the Golden Globe- and Academy Award-nominated Stephen Frears film The Queen, a fictional account of the immediate events following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales. The film ended up as the most critically acclaimed film of 2006.[21] Mirren, who had been appointed into the Order of the British Empire in 2003, won the Oscar for her work in the film and, in her acceptance speech, she paid tribute to Queen Elizabeth II: "For 50 years and more, Elizabeth Windsor has maintained her dignity, her sense of duty and her hairstyle," she said.[22]

In a 2006 book, Who Owns the World: The Hidden Facts Behind Landownership, Kevin Cahill claimed that Queen Elizabeth II holds ownership of one sixth of the land on the Earth's surface, more than any other individual or nation. This amounts to a total of 6,600 million acres (2.7×1013 m2) in 32 countries.[23] However, this is based on the legal technicality that a crown, as an institution, owns all the territory over which it rules, like any government of a non-allodial state. This land thus does not belong to the Queen personally, but to her, through the Crown, as part of the governments of the respective realms over which she reigns.[citation needed]

Private Eye, the British satirical magazine, has given the royal family working-class nicknames, as though they were characters in a soap opera.[24] Queen Elizabeth II's nickname is "Brenda".[25]

Critics[edit]

Campaigner Peter Tatchell criticised the Queen for inviting "royal tyrants to celebrate her Diamond Jubilee". The King of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa is accused of human rights abuses and King of Swaziland Mswati III of living in luxury while his people starve. Saudi Arabia and Kuwaiti royals were also invited and Amnesty International has reported repression in Saudi Arabia against reformists, while Human Rights Watch has criticised Kuwait of the freedom of press. Buckingham Palace said it would not comment.[26]

Quotations[edit]

There are few, if any, official quotations attributable to the Queen from the beginning of her reign, since the breach of protocol attached to repeating comments said in confidence has generally been extended to the public domain. It is, however, neither illegal nor unlawful to report what the Queen has said.

  • "I should like to be a horse."[27]
  • "What a life one lives."
  • "I cannot lead you into battle. I do not give you laws or administer justice but I can do something else - I can give my heart and my devotion to these old islands and to all the peoples of our brotherhood of nations."
  • "I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong."
  • "1992 is not a year on which I shall look back with undiluted pleasure. In the words of one of my more sympathetic correspondents, it has turned out to be an 'Annus Horribilis'… This generosity and whole-hearted kindness of the Corporation of the City to Prince Philip and me would be welcome at any time, but at this particular moment, in the aftermath of Friday's tragic fire at Windsor, it is especially so."[28]

Fictional portrayals[edit]

Film[edit]

Elizabeth has been portrayed on screen by:

Television[edit]

On television, Elizabeth has been played by:

Jan Ravens was the voice for a latex puppet caricature of her in Spitting Image (1984–1996), and gave radio and television comedy impressions of her in Dead Ringers. Scott Thompson gave a recurring impression of Queen Elizabeth II on the Canadian skit television show The Kids in the Hall in the early 1990s. Tracey Ullman's depiction of the Queen was among many roles she played on the television series Tracey Takes On.... The Simpsons portrayed the Queen during the episode "The Regina Monologues" (2003). She was also shown in the SpongeBob SquarePants TV movie Truth or Square. She has been portrayed on Saturday Night Live by both Fred Armisen and Mike Myers.

Stage[edit]

Novels[edit]

Patronage of charities[edit]

The Queen is patron of more than 620 charities and organisations[2] including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cartner-Morley, Jess (10 May 2007). "Elizabeth II, belated follower of fashion". The Guardian (London). pp. p2, G2 section. Retrieved 10 May 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "80 Facts About The Queen". Royal Household. Retrieved 18 January 2007. 
  3. ^ "Satisfaction with the Queen at record high". Ipsos MORI. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Jubilee Debate Polls". Ipsos MORI. November 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Lydall, Ross (19 November 2012). "Prince William now the most popular royal as monarchy rides high in national poll". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Prince Charles: I'm running out of time to be king". Express. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  7. ^ Pollak, Sorcha (20 November 2012). "Who Is Britain’s Favorite Royal?". Time. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Alderson, Andrew (26 September 2009). "Criticism of Queen after death of Diana 'hugely upset' Queen Mother". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  9. ^ YouTube - Diana Princess of Wales tribute
  10. ^ BBC: "Queen's Tears for War Dead"
  11. ^ Queen's Wii addiction. 7 January 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  12. ^ Obama gives the Queen a personalised iPod. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  13. ^ Queen has a goldplated nintend Newslite, 22 May 2009
  14. ^ "Things a Queen Can't Do". New York Times. 17 May 1992. Retrieved 6 August 2006. 
  15. ^ "Family snap breaks royal protocol". BBC News. 16 October 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  16. ^ Low, Valentine (2 April 2009). "Queen and Michelle Obama - the story behind a touching moment". The Times. pp. p2, G2 sectionlocation=London. Retrieved 2 April 2009. 
  17. ^ "1950s to the present". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  18. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage: Test your royal skills
  19. ^ Alderson, Andrew; Queen sends in lawyers over 'royal rage' film The Telegraph, 12 August 2007
  20. ^ Shone, Tom (13 June 2012). "Queen Elizabeth II as Pop-Culture Target for Warhol, Sex Pistols, and More". Newsweek. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "The Queen" Reviews RottenTomatoes.com
  22. ^ "Mirren 'too busy' to meet Queen" BBC News, 10 May 2007
  23. ^ Who Owns The World official website
  24. ^ "God Help The Queen" New York Times, 5 October1997
  25. ^ Sullivan, Andrew (5 October 1997). "God Help the Queen". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  26. ^ The Queen's lunch for monarchs attracts controversy BBC 18 May 2012
  27. ^ Life Magazine, 20 August 1945, p. 60.
  28. ^ "Annus horribilis speech, 24 November 1992 (given at The Guildhall to mark the 40th anniversary of the Queen's Accession)", Royal
  29. ^ "Queens of the small screen". The Independent, 27 November 2009.