Persons of National Historic Significance

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Persons of National Historic Significance (National Historic Persons) are people designated by the Canadian government as being nationally significant in the history of the country.[1] Designations are made by the Minister of the Environment on the recommendation of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Approximately 70 nominations are submitted to the board each year. A person is eligible to be listed 25 years after death, but Prime Ministers may be designated any time after death.[2] Parks Canada administers the program, and installs and maintains the federal plaques commonly erected to commemorate each person, usually placed at a site closely associated with them. The intent is generally to honour the person's contribution to the country but is always to educate the public about that person.

Canada has related programs for the designation of National Historic Sites of Canada and Events of National Historic Significance.[3]

List of Persons of National Historic Significance[edit]

As of February 2011[4][5]

Name Role Year designated
Maude Abbott medical researcher 1993
John Abbott Prime Minister 1938
William Aberhart Premier (Alberta), Social Credit leader 1974
Gabriel Acquin hunter, cultural broker, Maliseet guide 1999
Frank Dawson Adams geologist 1943
Mary Electa Adams women's education reformer 2004
Thomas Beamish Akins historian 1938
Emma Albani musician (opera soprano) 1937
William Donald Albright journalist, agriculturalist, promoted development of Peace River district 1954
Grant Allen author 1938
Susan Louisa Moir Allison author, historian (First Nations) 2007
Walter Seymour Allward sculptor 2002
Adams George Archibald Father of Confederation, Lieutenant-Governor (Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia) 1938
Edith Archibald women's rights 1997
Edward William Archibald surgeon 1998
Samuel George William Archibald Attorney General (Nova Scotia), Chief Justice (Prince Edward Island) 1939
Joseph E. Atkinson publisher, philanthropist 1986
Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé author 1974
Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye businessman 1971
George Back artist, Arctic explorer 1973
William Baffin Arctic explorer 1972
Charles Bagot Governor General (British North America), role in responsible government 1926
Frederick Walker Baldwin engineer 1957
Robert Baldwin co-premier (Province of Canada), reformer, role in responsible government 1937
Frederick Banting medical researcher (insulin), shared Nobel Prize 1945
Marius Barbeau ethnographer, folklorist 1985
William George Barker military, World War I pilot 1998
Robert Bartlett Arctic explorer 1969
Arthur Beauchesne parliamentary expert 2003
François Beaulieu Métis leader 2000
Adam Beck politician, founded Ontario Hydro 1938
William George Beers dentist, developed modern sport of lacrosse 1976
Matthew Baillie Begbie judge, Chief Justice (British Columbia) 1959
Edward Belcher naval officer, surveyor 1938
Georges-Antoine Belcourt missionary, banker 1959
Robert Bell geologist (Chief Geologist of Canada), explorer 1938
John Wilson Bengough cartoonist, journalist, poet, lecturer 1938
Charles Fox Bennett businessman, politician 1975
R. B. Bennett Prime Minister 1949
Joseph-Elzéar Bernier mariner (promoted Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic Archipelago) 1961
Norman Bethune physician, political activist 1972
William Beynon (Gusgai'in) First Nations chief, ethnographer 1989
Michel Bibaud poet, historian 1944
Mary and Henry Bibb author, abolitionist, publisher (African Canadian community) 2002
Big Bear (Misto-ha-a-Musqua) First Nations leader (Plains Cree), role in North-West Rebellion 1971
Billy Bishop World War I pilot, Victoria Cross recipient 1980
Davidson Black physician, palaeontologist (Peking Man) 1974
Martha Black politician (second woman Member of Parliament) 1987
Thornton and Lucie Blackburn escaped slaves, founded Toronto's first taxi operation 1999
Edward Blake Premier (Ontario) 1937
Richard Blanshard Governor (Vancouver Island) 1951
Jean Blewett journalist, poet 1946
La Bolduc (Mary Travers) musician 1992
Joseph-Armand Bombardier businessman, inventor (snowmobile) 1994
Robert Bond Prime Minister (Newfoundland, pre-Confederation) 1975
Robert Borden Prime Minister 1938
Jim Boss assisted First Nations in the Yukon 2001
Pierre Boucher author, government official, First Nations interpreter 1978
Joseph Bouchette author, cartographer, Surveyor General of Lower Canada 1937
Sieurs de La Boularderie (Louis-Simon le Poupet de la Boularderie, his son Antoine) settlers (Cape Breton) 1964
Henri Bourassa politician, publisher (Le Devoir) 1962
Marguerite Bourgeoys nun, founded first Canadian religious community (Congregation of Notre Dame) 1985
John George Bourinot House of Commons clerk, founded Royal Society of Canada 1938
Mackenzie Bowell Prime Minister 1945
Joseph W. Boyle businessman (mining) 1984
Joseph Brant (Thayendanega) First Nations leader (Mohawk), British ally, settler 1972
Mary Brant (Tekonwatonti) First Nations leader (Six Nations) 1994
John Gough Brick missionary, settler 1954
Emmanuel Briffa theatre decorator 2007
Isaac Brock Soldier 2010
Allan Brooks artist (wildlife) 1999
Harriet Brooks nuclear physicist 2005
George Brown Father of Confederation, publisher (Globe), abolitionist (Underground Railroad) 1950
George Browne architect 2008
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin Governor General (British North America, pre-Confederation), role in responsible government 1953
Étienne Brûlé explorer, Coureur de bois, lived among First Nations 1984
George Bryce educator (Manitoba College), historian 1947
Douglas Brymner archivist, founded Public Archives of Canada 1938
John Buchan Governor-General 2010
Patrick Burns rancher, businessman, Senator 1960
Thomas Button Arctic explorer 1972
John By engineer (Rideau Canal) 1954
George Frederick Cameron journalist, poet 1946
Lydia Campbell author 2009
Alexander Campbell Father of Confederation 1939
William Wilfred Campbell writer 1938
Charles Camsell geologist, Commissioner (Northwest Territories) 2001
William Canniff physician, historian, teacher 1945
Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester Governor (Quebec, pre-Confederation), Governor-in-Chief (British North America) 1974
John Carling brewer, politician, founded Dominion Experimental Farms 1938
Bliss Carman poet 1945
Emily Carr author, painter 1950
William Carson businessman, physician, reformer 1954
Frederick Carter Father of Confederation, Prime Minister (Newfoundland, pre-Confederation) 1959
George-Étienne Cartier Father of Confederation, French-Canadian statesman 1937
Richard John Cartwright politician 1938
Joseph Casavant manufacturer (pipe organs) 1974
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle explorer, founded Lachine, rebuilt Fort Frontenac 1934
Claude Champagne musician (composer) 1988
Samuel de Champlain explorer, founded Quebec City, "The Father of New France" 1929
Edward Barron Chandler Father of Confederation, Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick) 1939
Jean-Charles Chapais Father of Confederation, Senator 1943
Thomas Chapais historian, Senator 1955
Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau Premier (Quebec), politician 1974
Margaret Ridley Charlton medical librarian, co-founder Medical Library Association 2003
William Henry Chase businessman, philanthropist 1939
Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry seigneur, military leader, politician 2006
Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve military officer, founded Montreal 1985
Robert Christie historian, politician 1938
Francis Clergue businessman (Sault Ste. Marie industry) 1987
John Clinch clergyman, physician (vaccination) 1964
William Coaker union leader, politician 1985
James Cockburn Father of Confederation, first House of Commons Speaker 1939
George Coles Father of Confederation 1939
Enos Collins businessman (Halifax) 1974
Lionel Conacher athlete (Grey Cup, NHL) 1976
Ralph Connor (Charles William Gordon) novelist 1938
James Cook explorer, surveyor 1954
William Cormack explorer (Newfoundland) 1953
Louis de la Corne, Chevalier de la Corne military officer 1953
Edward Cornwallis military officer, Governor (Nova Scotia), founded Halifax 1974
Phillips Cosby military commander (Royal Navy, Mediterranean) 1945
Laurence Coughlan itinerant preacher 1965
George Albertus Cox businessman, Senator 1990
James Henry Coyne President Ontario Historical Society, member Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1945
Isabella Valancy Crawford poet, writer 1947
James George Aylwin Creighton lawyer, engineer, journalist, athlete (development of ice hockey) 2008
Octave Crémazie poet 1937
Thomas Crerar politician (Progressive Party leader) 2004
Jean-Baptiste de La Croix de Chevrières de Saint-Vallier bishop 1990
A. E. Cross businessman, politician, co-founder Calgary Stampede 1971
Crowfoot (Isapo-Muxika) First Nations leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1945
Ernest Alexander Cruikshank historian, original chairman Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1943
Maurice Galbraith Cullen artist 1944
Samuel Cunard businessman (shipping) 1937
Arthur Currie military officer (World War I) 1934
Augustin Cuvillier Speaker (Lower Canada), banker (Bank of Montreal) 1969
Louis Cyr wrestler, weightlifter 1976
John Wesley Dafoe journalist (Winnipeg Free Press) 1974
William Davidson lumberman, politician 1949
Louis Henry Davies Premier (Prince Edward Island), judge (Chief Justice) 1937
Nicholas Flood Davin publisher (The Leader, Regina), politician 1947
John Davis Arctic explorer 1972
George Mercer Dawson scientist, surveyor 1937
John William Dawson geologist, university administrator (McGill) 1943
Robert MacGregor Dawson political scientist 1975
Louis de Buade de Frontenac Governor General (New France, pre-Confederation) 1974
Louis-Hector de Callière politician, diplomat 2001
Amor De Cosmos Premier (British Columbia), journalist (British Colonist) 1938
Mazo de la Roche novelist 1976
James De Mille novelist, humorist, professor 1937
Charles de Salaberry military officer (War of 1812) 1934
Demasduit among the final surviving Beothuks 2000
Modeste Demers bishop, missionary 1973
George Taylor Denison soldier, community leader, founded Canada First Movement, Imperial Federation League, role in North-West Rebellion 1937
Nicolas Denys explorer, trader, colonizer (Acadia) 1924
Carrie Derick botanist 2007
Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres Lieutenant-Governor (Cape Breton), cartographer 1925
Alphonse Desjardins businessman, began Caisse Populaire system 1971
Edouard Deville Surveyor General, developed photogrammetry 1971
Edgar Dewdney Lieutenant-Governor (Northwest Territories, British Columbia), reassigned territorial capital to Regina 1975
Robert B. Dickey Father of Confederation 1939
Punch Dickins bush pilot 1995
John Diefenbaker Prime Minister 1981
Thomas Dixson soldier (Fort Beauséjour) 1938
Donnacona First Nations leader (Iroquois), kidnapped by Jacques Cartier 1981
Antoine-Aimé Dorion cabinet minister (Justice), Chief Justice (Quebec) 1937
Onésime Dorval teacher (Saskatchewan) 1954
Arthur Doughty Dominion Archivist, historian 1991
David Douglas botanist (Douglas Fir) 1979
Howard Douglas Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick), Chancellor (King's College, University of New Brunswick) 1925
James Douglas Governor (Vancouver Island, British Columbia) 1944
Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk philanthropist, colonizer 1943
Gordon Drummond military leader, role in War of 1812 1928
Charles Carter Drury naval leader 1938
Lyman Duff Chief Justice, constitutional expert 1971
Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava Governor General, diplomat, traveller, writer 1975
Margaret Duley novelist (Newfoundland) 1976
Gabriel Dumont Métis leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1981
Charles Avery Dunning Premier (Saskatchewan); cabinet minister (Finance) 1985
Robert Dunsmuir coal miner, industrialist, politician 1971
Maurice Duplessis Premier (Quebec), founded Union Nationale 1974
Ernest Melville DuPorte Scientist and teacher known for study of parasites 2010
Dorothy Dworkin[6] nurse, businesswoman, supported Jewish immigrants 2009
Timothy Eaton businessman 1971
Ezra Butler Eddy businessman (forestry products, matches) 1976
Charles Edenshaw (Tahagen, Tahayren) artist (Haïda) 1971
Henrietta Edwards women's rights activist, reformer 1962
J. S. Ewart lawyer, role in Manitoba schools dispute 1966
Robert Falconer university president 1944
Aegidius Fauteux librarian, historian 1955
Edward Feild clergyman, bishop, academic 2003
Reginald Fessenden inventor (radio, sonic depth finder) 1943
Peter Fidler explorer, trader, surveyor (Hudson's Bay Company) 1953
William Stevens Fielding Premier (Nova Scotia), cabinet minister (Finance) 1938
Charles Fisher Father of Confederation, Premier (New Brunswick) 1939
Charles Fitzpatrick Chief Justice, Lieutenant-Governor (Quebec), role in North-West Rebellion, lawyer for Louis Riel 1973
Michael Anthony Fleming bishop 2003
Sandford Fleming engineer and inventor (Standard Time) 1950
Marc-Aurèle Fortin painter 2011
Pierre-Étienne Fortin politician, physician 1953
George Eulas Foster politician, academic (League of Nations) 1938
Terry Fox humanitarian, athlete (Marathon of Hope) 2008
Luke Fox Arctic explorer 1972
Gustave Francq trade unionist, publisher (Le Monde ouvrier/The Labor World) 2008
John Franklin Arctic explorer 1945
Archibald Fraser industrialist (lumber) 1975
Louis-Honoré Fréchette poet, author 1937
Lillian Bilsky Freiman organizer, philanthropist 2008
Benjamin Frobisher fur trader (North West Company) 1973
Joseph Frobisher fur trader, businessman (North West Company) 1973
Martin Frobisher Arctic explorer 1957
Thomas Frobisher fur trader, established Île-à-la-Crosse post 1973
Marie-Anne Gaboury settler, grandmother of Louis Riel 1982
William James Gage publisher (W. J. Gage, textbooks) 1938
Clarence Gagnon artist 1944
Alexander Tilloch Galt Father of Confederation, politician, businessman 1944
William Francis Ganong botanist, cartographer, historian 1945
James Garfield Gardiner Premier (Saskatchewan), cabinet minister (Agriculture) 1975
François-Xavier Garneau historian 1937
Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye explorer, fur trader 1920
Cyril Genik supported Ukrainian immigrantion in western Canada 1995
Antoine Gérin-Lajoie journalist, lawyer 1939
Marie Lacoste Gérin-Lajoie women's rights activist 1997
Abraham Pineo Gesner physician, geologist, inventor of kerosene 1954
John Murray Gibbon writer, cultural promoter (Canadian Authors' Association) 1954
Mifflin Wistar Gibbs politician, businessman, human rights activist 2009
Alexander Gibson industrialist 2007
Robert Giffard de Moncel nobleman, colonizer, physician, surgeon 1955
Humphrey Gilbert unsuccessful colonizer (Newfoundland) 1981
Edouard Percy Cranwill Girouard military engineer, developed African railways 1938
Oliver Goldsmith poet 1944
Cuthbert Grant Métis leader 1972
George Monro Grant educator, writer, university principal (Queen's) 1937
Louis-Pierre Gravel promoted settlement and agriculture 1956
John Hamilton Gray Father of Confederation, Speaker (New Brunswick) 1939
John Hamilton Gray Father of Confederation, Premier (Prince Edward Island) 1939
Wilfred Grenfell medical missionary (Newfoundland and Labrador) 1959
Grey Owl (Archibald Belaney) conservationist, author, speaker 1993
Lionel Groulx clergyman, historian, Quebec nationalist 1972
Helena Gutteridge Suffragette and politician 2010
Casimir Gzowski Lieutenant-Governor (Ontario), engineer, constructed railroads, Niagara Parks Commission chair 1956
Frederick Haldimand Governor (Quebec), settler 1974
Arthur Lawrence Haliburton (Lord Haliburton) military officer, civil servant 1938
Thomas Chandler Haliburton author, satirist 1936
William Neilson Hall first Victoria Cross recipient of African heritage 2008
Ishbel Hamilton-Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair established Victorian Order of Nurses, National Council of Women 1979
Ned Hanlan athlete (rowing champion) 1938
Arthur Sturgis Hardy Premier, Attorney General (Ontario) 1948
James B. Harkin first national parks commissioner, established Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1955
Lawren Harris artist (Group of Seven) 1970
Robert Harris artist (painted Fathers of Confederation) 1945
Ezekiel Hart entrepreneur, politician, first Jew to be elected a legislator in the British Empire 1995
Julia Catherine (Beckwith) Hart author (St. Ursula's Convent) 1951
John Harvey Lieutenant-Governor (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick), Governor (Newfoundland) 1974
Frederick W. A. G. Haultain Premier (Northwest Territories), Chief Justice (Saskatchewan) 1946
Thomas Heath Haviland Father of Confederation 1939
Sir Edmund Walker Head, 8th Baronet Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick), Governor General (British North America, pre-Confederation) 1974
Abraham Albert Heaps Politician and labor leader 2010
Samuel Hearne explorer,Governor (Prince of Wales Fort) 1936
Louis-Philippe Hébert artist (Quebec sculptor) 1937
Theodor August Heintzman manufacturer (pianos) 1974
Anthony Henday explorer, fur trader 1953
John Hendry industrialist (lumber) 1988
Louis Hennepin clergyman, explorer, cartographer 2008
Alexander Henry the elder fur trader 1973
Alexander Henry the younger fur trader (North West Company) 1973
William Alexander Henry Father of Confederation 1939
Josiah Henson author, abolitionist, minister, role in Underground Railroad 1995
William Hespeler businessman, immigration agent, politician 2000
James Jerome Hill businessman (Red River Transportation Company, Great Northern Railway) 1938
Francis Hincks politician 1969
Ella Cora Hind women's rights activist 1997
Gilles Hocquart administrator, Intendant (New France), established Les Forges du Saint-Maurice 1974
Samuel Holland engineer, Surveyor General (Quebec) 1989
Luther Hamilton Holton businessman, banker, cabinet minister (Finance) 1938
Adelaide Hoodless educational reformer 1960
Frederic William Howay historian, lawyer, judge 1944
C. D. Howe cabinet minister, established Atomic Energy of Canada 1984
Joseph Howe Premier (Nova Scotia), role in responsible government 1983
William Pearce Howland Father of Confederation 1959
Henry Hudson Arctic explorer (Hudson and James Bays) 1973
Sam Hughes cabinet minister (Militia and Defence), journalist, soldier 1969
William Roper Hull businessman, philanthropist, developer 1988
George Hunt linguist, ethnologist (West Coast cultures) 1989
Harold Innis economist, historian (communications theory) 1972
Ipirvik and Taqulittuq Inuit couple, assisted Arctic exploration 1981
James Isbister Métis leader 1997
A. Y. Jackson artist (Group of Seven) 1974
Charles William Jefferys artist 1954
Diamond Jenness anthropologist (First Nations culture) 1973
Louis-Amable Jetté Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice (Quebec) 1945
Sylvester Joe aboriginal guide 2002
Ethel Johns nurse, educator, administrator 2009
Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwakeh) poet, speaker (First Nations) 1945
Edward Johnson singer, manager (Metropolitan Opera Company) 1974
John Mercer Johnson Father of Confederation 1939
Louis Jolliet explorer (Mississippi River, with Marquette) 1944
Sigtryggur Jónasson Manitoba politician and Icelandic-Canadian leader 2010
William Judge missionary (Yukon) 1987
Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) First Nations leader, clergyman 1996
Israel Isaac Kahanovitch Manitoba rabbi and leader 2010
Paul Kane artist (Canadian West paintings) 1937
Thomas Keefer engineer, railroader (Hamilton Waterworks) 1938
Henry Kelsey explorer, fur trader 1931
John Kennedy civil engineer (Montreal harbour) 2001
William Frederick King surveyor, astronomer, civil servant (established Geodetic Survey of Canada, Dominion Observatory) 1959
William King clergyman, abolitionist 2005
William Lyon Mackenzie King Prime Minister 1967
Charles Edmund Kingsmill Founder of the Navy 2010
William Kirby writer, historian (Annals of Niagara) 1946
David Kirke adventurer, colonizer, Governor (Newfoundland) 1968
A. M. Klein writer, lawyer (Jewish literature) 2007
Otto Julius Klotz astronomer, geographer (Dominion Observatory) 1938
Leon Joseph Koerner industrialist (forestry) 2009
Kondiaronk negotiator (Treaty of 1701) 2001
Cornelius Krieghoff artist 1972
Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkié artist 2008
John Kinder Labatt businessman (brewery) 1971
Albert Lacombe missionary 1932
Édouard Lacroix businessman, politician 2006
Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine jurist, statesman, co-Premier (Province of Canada, pre-Confederation) 1937
Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière trapper, grandfather of Louis Riel 1981
David Laird Lieutenant-Governor (Northwest Territories), cabinet minister (Interior) 1950
John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham Governor General, High Commissioner (British North America) 1974
Archibald Lampman poet 1920
Pierre-Amand Landry lawyer, judge, politician, first Acadian to be knighted 1955
Franklin Knight Lane American politician, born in Prince Edward Island 1938
Hector-Louis Langevin Father of Confederation, cabinet minister (Public Works) 1938
Sam Langford boxer 1987
Ernest Lapointe cabinet minister 1954
Wilfrid Laurier Prime Minister 1938
François de Laval bishop 1972
Calixa Lavallée musician ("O Canada") 1966
Sheridan Lawrence farmer, businessman, judge 1954
James MacPherson Le Moine author, historian, ornithologist (Royal Society of Canada) 1938
Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville soldier, explorer, administrator 1937
Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville Governor (Louisiana), founded Mobile, Alabama and New Orleans 1953
Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay and family family of soldiers and colonizers 1957
Stephen Leacock writer, economist, particularly as humorist 1946
Camille Lefebvre clergyman, established Acadian Renaissance Movement 1997
Jean-Louis Légaré settler, trader 1969
Rodolphe Lemieux Speaker and cabinet minister (House of Commons), professor 1973
Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond Governor General 1923
Irma LeVasseur physician (pediatrics) 2008
Arthur Lismer artist (Group of Seven) 1974
Philip Francis Little Premier (pre-confederation Newfoundland), role in responsible government 2007
George Lloyd bishop, helped found Lloydminster 1953
George Locke librarian (Toronto Public Libraries), author, historian 1939
Grace Annie Lockhart first woman in British Empire to receive university Bachelor degree 1991
William Edmond Logan geologist (director, Geological Survey of Canada) 1967
Tom Longboat athlete, Boston Marathon winner 1976
Albert Peter Low geologist, explorer, athlete, surveyor 1972
John MacIntosh Lyle architect (Beaux-Arts style) 2008
Archibald Macallum biochemist, founded National Research Council 1938
Thomas Bassett Macaulay businessman (insurance) 1997
Andrew Archibald Macdonald Father of Confederation 1939
James E.H. MacDonald artist (Group of Seven) 1974
Margaret C. MacDonald nurse (World War I) 1982
John A. Macdonald Father of Confederation, Prime Minister 1939
William Christopher Macdonald manufacturer, philanthropist (Macdonald Tobacco) 1974
Alexander Macdonell bishop 1924
Angus Bernard MacEachern bishop 1968
Elsie MacGill aeronautical engineer 2007
Helen Gregory MacGill judge, campaigned for women's suffrage 1998
Alexander Mackenzie Prime Minister 1957
William Mackenzie railway entrepreneur (Canadian Northern Railway) 1976
William Lyon Mackenzie politician, journalist, led Upper Canada Rebellion 1949
Archibald MacMechan professor, writer 1946
H. R. MacMillan forester, industrialist 1987
Ernest MacMillan musician, composer, conductor 1984
Helen MacMurchy doctor, author, health care reformer 1997
Allan MacNab Premier (Province of Canada), politician, judge 1937
Agnes Macphail first female Member of Parliament 1985
Andrew Macphail physician, author, professor 1945
Charles Alexander Magrath surveyor, engineer, first mayor of Lethbridge, Alberta 1950
Charles Mair poet, nationalist, promoted western development 1937
Jeanne Mance settler, nurse, established hospital (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal) 1998
Donald Mann railroader (Canadian Northern Railway) 1976
Charles Marega artist 2009
Marie-Victorin botanist, monastic, author, educator 1987
Jacques Marquette priest, explorer (Mississippi River, with Louis Jolliet) 1937
Paul Mascarene Lieutenant-Governor (Nova Scotia), defended Annapolis Royal 1929
Kèsh (Skookum Jim Mason) explorer, discovered gold (Yukon) 1994
Vincent Massey Governor General 1974
Hart Massey businessman, philanthropist (Massey-Harris, Massey Hall) 1971
Matonabbee First Nations leader, role in Samuel Hearne expedition 1981
Wilfrid R. "Wop" May aviator (World War I ace, established bush piloting) 1974
Peter McArthur writer, farmer 1946
Richard McBride Premier and Agent General (British Columbia) 1938
Francis Leopold McClintock Arctic explorer 1972
Nellie McClung politician, feminist, social activist (first female board member of CBC) 1954
Robert McClure Arctic explorer 1972
Grant McConachie businessman, aviator (development of northwestern Canadian service) 2007
David Ross McCord lawyer, philanthropist, founded McCord Museum in Montreal 2000
John McCrae physician, soldier, poet ("In Flanders Fields") 1946
Thomas McCulloch educator (Pictou Academy, Dalhousie College) 1959
Jonathan McCully Father of Confederation 1939
John Alexander Douglas McCurdy aviator (first to pilot an aircraft in British Empire), Lieutenant-Governor (Nova Scotia) 1974
George Millward McDougall missionary, role in Treaty 6 1969
William McDougall Father of Confederation, politician 1943
Thomas D'Arcy McGee Father of Confederation, writer, Irish nationalist 1943
Donald McKay ship designer and builder 1938
R. Tait McKenzie surgeon, artist, physical educator 1958
Louise McKinney first female legislator in the British Empire (Alberta) 1939
Samuel McLaughlin businessman, philanthropist (automotive industry) 1989
John McLoughlin Hudson's Bay Company chief factor, "Father of Oregon" 1951
Marshall McLuhan professor, author (media analysis) 2007
William McMaster businessman, Senator, banker 1990
Violet Clara McNaughton social reformer (Women Grain Growers) 1997
Alexander James McPhail social reformer (agriculture), Canadian Wheat Pool president 1971
Arthur Meighen Prime Minister 1961
Jean-Baptiste Meilleur doctor, educator 2002
Henri Membertou (Anli-Maopeltoog) First Nations leader, role in establishing Mi'kmaq-French Alliance 1981
Men of Letters (Acadia) - (Pascal Poirier, Placide Gaudet, John Clarence Webster, Israël Landry and Ferdinand Joseph Robidoux) writers (Acadia) 1955
Charles de Menou d'Aulnay Governor (Acadia), colonizer 1972
Honoré Mercier Premier (Quebec), journalist, lawyer 1938
William Hamilton Merritt businessman, role in building the Welland Canal 1974
David Mills cabinet minister (Interior and Justice) 1954
Mattie Mitchell Mi’kmaq guide, prospector, explorer and hunter (Newfoundland) 2001
Peter Mitchell Father of Confederation, Prime Minister (New Brunswick, pre-Confederation) 1938
Mokwina First Nations leader (Moachat Confederacy) 1987
William Molson businessman 1971
Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck first Governor General of Confederation 1974
Lucy Maud Montgomery author (Anne of Green Gables) 1943
Frederick Montizambert physician, civil servant (quarantining) 1998
Susanna Moodie author, settler 1975
Sewell Moody businessman (sawmills) 1988
Howie Morenz hockey player 1976
Adrien-Gabriel Morice missionary, author 1948
Augustin-Norbert Morin lawyer, Superior Court Justice, role in Reform Coalition 1938
James Wilson Morrice artist 1954
Alexander Morris Chief Justice (Manitoba), politician, role in 1864 Great Coalition 1971
Arthur Silver Morton teacher, historian, archivist (Saskatchewan) 1952
William Richard Motherwell cabinet minister (Agriculture); established Territorial Grain Growers' Association 1966
Oliver Mowat Father of Confederation, Premier (Ontario) 1934
Beamish Murdoch lawyer, politician, writer 1937
Emily Murphy first female judge in British Empire, author, women's rights activist 1958
James Murray Governor (Quebec), Military Governor (Quebec District) 1955
Leonard W. Murray admiral (North Atlantic Convoy, World War II) 1977
Anthony Musgrave Governor (Newfoundland, British Columbia), role in British Columbia joining Confederation 1975
James Naismith inventor of basketball, physician, promoter of physical education 1976
Neekaneet (Foremost Man) First Nations leader (Plains Cree) 1981
John Neilson politician, editor, journalist, reformer 1976
Émile Nelligan poet (L'École littéraire de Montréal) 1974
Nescambiouit First Nations leader 2005
Simon Newcomb astronomer, mathematician (United States Naval Observatory, Nautical Almanac) 1935
Gilbert Stuart Newton artist (Royal Academy) 1944
Margaret Newton scientist (agriculture, grains) 1996
Guido Nincheri artist, decorator 2007
Percy Erskine Nobbs architect 2008
Charles Sherwood Noble inventor (agricultural machinery) 2002
John Norquay Premier (Manitoba), Métis statesman 1943
William Notman photographer, businessman 1975
Harold Anthony Oaks bush pilot (Patricia Airways) 1974
Jonathan Odell poet, clergyman, surgeon, Secretary (New Brunswick) 1959
William Ogilvie Commissioner (Yukon), surveyor, explorer, author 1970
Joseph Oleskiw professor, promoted Ukrainian immigration 1996
Frank Oliver cabinet minister (Interior), journalist 1947
David Oppenheimer Mayor (Vancouver), businessman, Jewish community leader 2008
Oronhyatekha first Canadian First Nations physician 2001
William Osler physician, medical researcher and educator 1950
Daniel David Palmer founded chiropractic medicine 1993
Edward Palmer Father of Confederation, Premier (Prince Edward Island) 1939
Louis-Joseph Papineau politician, lawyer, seigneur (Montebello, la Petite-Nation), Patriot Movement leader 1937
Étienne Parent civil servant, journalist, editor Le Canadien 1974
Sir Gilbert Parker, 1st Baronet politician, author (romance novels) 1938
George Robert Parkin author, educator, Imperial Federation Movement leader 1938
Irene Parlby politician, rural leader, campaigned to allow women in the Senate 1966
William Edward Parry Arctic explorer 1971
Walter Patterson Governor (Prince Edward Island) 1974
The Peacemakers: Albert Lacombe, John McDougall brokered peace between First Nations groups 1932
William Pearce surveyor, planner (western Canada) 1973
Lester B. Pearson Prime Minister 1974
Paul Peel artist (of the French Academic School) 1937
Chief Peguis First Nations leader 2008
Wilfrid Pelletier orchestra conductor, founded Conservatoire de musique et d'art dramatique du Québec 1988
Wilder Penfield neurosurgeon (Montreal Neurological Institute) 1988
Simeon Perkins businessman, diarist, politician 1946
Nicolas Perrot explorer, diplomat, fur trader 1952
Piapot First Nations leader 1981
Pitikwahanapiwiyin (Poundmaker) First Nations leader 1967
Peter Pitseolak photographer, artist, historian, hunter 1981
John Stanley Plaskett astronomer (Dominion Astrophysical Observatory) 1949
Peter Pond fur trader, cartographer, explorer (role in establishing North West Company) 1951
Georgina Pope nurse (first matron of Army Medical Corps) 1983
James Colledge Pope Premier (Prince Edward Island), cabinet minister (Marine and Fisheries) 1938
Joseph Pope civil servant, author 1938
William Henry Pope Father of Confederation 1939
Philip Louis Pratley[7] bridge designer (Dominion Bridge Company) 2005
E. J. Pratt poet 1975
Richard Preston escaped slaved, black community leader 2005
William Price businessman, politician (forest products) 2003
Léon Abel Provancher priest, naturalist, author 1994
Pierre-Esprit Radisson explorer, cartographer, fur trader, role in Hudson's Bay Company 1971
John Rae explorer, physician, fur trader 1973
James Ralston cabinet minister (National Defence) 1973
Alice Ravenhill educator, author, social and educational reformer 2008
Red Crow First Nations leader (Blood tribe), signatory to Treaty 7 1977
John Reeves judge, historian 1995
George Agnew Reid artist, president (Ontario Society of Artists, Royal Canadian Academy of Art) 1948
Marcel-François Richard role in Acadia - developed flag, anthem and patron day 2004
William Buell Richards Supreme Court of Canada judge 1938
Harriette Taber Richardson Promoted reconstruction of Port Royal Habitation 1949
John Richardson soldier (War of 1812), poet, novelist, established New Era journal 1938
Louis Riel Métis leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1956
John William Ritchie Father of Confederation, Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice 1959
Joseph-Noël Ritchot clergyman 1990
Charles G.D. Roberts poet 1945
Charles Walker Robinson soldier, author 1938
John Beverley Robinson mayor (Toronto), Lieutenant-Governor (Ontario), member of Family Compact 1937
John Robson Premier (British Columbia), established first British Columbia newspaper 1938
Marie Marguerite Rose abolitionist, freed slave 2008
Sir John Rose, 1st Baronet politician, banker, diplomat 1973
Bobbie Rosenfeld athlete (Olympic gold medalist) 1976
Alexander Ross fur trader, author, role in Pacific Fur Company and North West Company 1951
James Hamilton Ross Member of North-West Council and Assembly, Commissioner (Yukon) 1948
George William Ross Premier (Ontario), Senate Liberal leader 1937
James Clark Ross Arctic explorer 1972
John Ross Arctic explorer 1972
John Rowand fur trader, Chief factor (Hudson's Bay Company) 1954
Gabrielle Roy author 2008
Ernest Rutherford physicist (nuclear pioneer) 1939
Egerton Ryerson clergyman, educator, politician, school advocate 1934
Mary Anne Sadlier author (religious subjects) 2008
Idola Saint-Jean women's rights activist 1997
Bernard Keble Sandwell editor, writer, role in Saturday Night 1955
Edward Sapir anthropologist, linguist, expert on First Nations 1983
Margaret Marshall Saunders author 1947
Charles E. Saunders agronomist (Marquis wheat) 1938
William Saunders pharmacist, scientist, civil servant, author, role with Experimental farms 1952
Savalette established Acadian "sedentary" fisheries 1944
Frank W. Schofield veterinarian 2009
Jacob Gould Schurman educator, philosopher, academic president (Cornell University) 1943
Duncan Campbell Scott poet (Confederation poets) 1948
Richard William Scott politician, supported Ontario Separate School Act 1938
Joseph E. Seagram alcohol distiller, politician 1971
Laura Secord heroine, War of 1812 2002
Hans Selye medical researcher (stress) 1989
Ernest Thompson Seton writer, conservationist, artist, social reformer 1995
Jonathan Sewell Chief Justice (Lower Canada), supported Confederation 1956
Mary Ann Shadd editor, leader (Black Refugee Movement) 1994
Shanawdithit last surviving Beothuk 2000
Ambrose Shea Father of Confederation, Speaker (Newfoundland House) 1959
Francis Joseph Sherman poet, banker 1945
Adam Shortt historian, author, role in Canadian Civil Service Commission 1938
Clifford Sifton cabinet minister (Interior), promoted immigration 1955
John Graves Simcoe Lieutenant-Governor (Upper Canada), military leader (Queen's Rangers) 1974
George Simpson Governor-in-Chief (Rupert's Land), General Superintendent (Hudson's Bay Company) 1927
Thomas Simpson Arctic explorer 1937
Oscar D. Skelton historian, economist, established Department of External Affairs 1947
Frank Leith Skinner horticulturalist 1997
Joshua Slocum mariner, explorer, author, first solo sailor to travel throughout the world 1957
Charlotte Small Métis figure, role in fur trade 2008
Joey Smallwood Father of Confederation, Premier (Newfoundland) 1996
Albert James Smith Premier (New Brunswick), cabinet minister (Marine and Fisheries) 1949
Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal fur trader, railroader (Canadian Pacific), politician, role with Hudson's Bay Company 1971
Goldwin Smith historian, journalist 1975
Mary Ellen Smith politician 2007
Mary Meager Southcott nurse, superintendent 1998
Louis St. Laurent Prime Minister 1973
Sam Steele soldier, Superintendent (North-West Mounted Police) 1938
William Steeves Father of Confederation, industrialist, senator 1939
Vilhjalmur Stefansson Arctic explorer 1964
Stephan G. Stephansson poet 1946
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen banker, railroader (Canada Pacific Railway), philanthropist 1971
Emily Stowe first woman to practise as a Canadian doctor, women's rights activist 1995
John Strachan bishop, founded King's College 1925
Gilfred Studholme army officer, role in constructing Fort Howe 1927
Benjamin Sulte historian (French Canada) 1928
Alexandre-Antonin Taché bishop, missionary, writer 1943
Étienne-Paschal Taché Father of Confederation, headed Coalition Government 1937
François-Xavier Picard Tahourenche archivist 2008
Jean Talon Intendant (New France) 1974
Joseph Israël Tarte journalist, politician, cabinet minister (Public Works) 1973
Tecumseh First Nations leader, role in War of 1812 1931
James Teit ethnographer (First Nations) 1994
Tessouat and le Borgne First Nations leaders 1983
Thanadelthur First Nations figure, role in northern fur trade 2000
George McCall Theal educator, historian, archivist (South Africa) 1937
Louis Thomas (Maliseet) defended Maliseet rights and interests 2002
William Thomas architect 1974
David Thompson fur trader, cartographer, surveyor 1927
John Sparrow David Thompson Prime Minister 1937
Stanley Thompson architect (golf courses) 2005
Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham Governor General, established Union of the Canadas 1926
Edward William Thomson writer (editorials for Globe, Toronto) 1938
Tom Thomson artist (influenced the Group of Seven) 1958
Samuel Leonard Tilley Father of confederation, cabinet minister 1937
William Tomison role in Hudson's Bay Company 1974
Henry Marshall Tory university president, first National Research Council president 1949
Catharine Parr Traill author 1974
Jennie Kidd Trout first Canadian woman licenced as physician 1995
Pierre Trudeau Prime Minister 2001
Joseph Trutch Lieutenant-Governor (British Columbia) 1975
Ignace-Nicolas Vincent Tsawenhohi First Nations leader 2001
Harriet Tubman abolitionist, humanitarian (Underground Railroad) 2005
Charles Tupper Prime Minister, Father of Confederation 1957
William Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon Attorney General (Saskatchewan), diplomat, judge 1981
Wallace Rupert Turnbull inventor, aeronautical engineer (wind tunnel) 1960
Philip Turnor surveyor, cartographer (Hudson's Bay Company surveyor) 1973
Joseph Tyrrell geologist, historian, cartographer (Geological Survey of Canada) 1970
James Boyle Uniacke Premier (Nova Scotia) 1938
William Cornelius Van Horne railroader (Canadian Pacific) 1954
George Vancouver explorer 1933
Georges Vanier Governor General, soldier, Ambassador (to France) 1983
Frederick Varley artist (Group of Seven) 1974
Madeleine de Verchères defended family fort 1923
Peter Vasilevich Verigin Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, Doukhobor emigration 2008
Louis-Guillaume Verrier founded law school 1952
Samuel Vetch soldier, Governor (Nova Scotia) 1928
Hiram Walker industrialist, developed distillery, ferry and railway in Windsor, Ontario 1971
Horatio Walker artist, Royal Academy of Art 1939
Byron Edmund Walker businessman, arts patron 1938
Provo Wallis Royal Navy officer, capture USS Chesapeake, War of 1812 1945
James Morrow Walsh North-West Mounted Police, Commissioner of Yukon 1967
Angus J. Walters fishing captain 2005
Homer Ransford Watson artist 1939
Margaret Robertson Watt aka Madge Watt Associated Country Women of the World 2007
George Edward Watts Vice-admiral, War of 1812 1945
John Clarence Webster Surgeon, historian, author, professor, chair Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1950
John Wentworth Lieutenant-Governor Nova Scotia 1974
Philip Westphal Navy Admiral 1945
George Augustus Westphal Navy Admiral 1945
Arthur Oliver Wheeler surveyor, National Park Movement, Alpine Club 1995
Seager Wheeler agriculturist 1976
Edward Whelan Father of Confederation, journalist, speaker 1939
Richard Whitbourne Newfoundland businessman, promoted settlement 1984
Portia White musician 1995
Healey Willan musician, professor 1984
John Stephen Willison editor 1938
Thomas Willson inventor (noted for acetylene) 1972
Lemuel Allan Wilmot Lieutenant-Governor New Brunswick, politician and judge 1938
Robert Duncan Wilmot Father of Confederation, Senator 1959
Cairine Reay Mackay Wilson first woman Senator 2005
Mona Gordon Wilson Prince Edward Island Public Health Nursing Division 2008
Edward Winslow loyalist; founded Fredericton, settlements in Saint John River Valley 1951
Hirsch Wolofsky, aka Harry Wolofsky Montreal Jewish community leader; founded Eagle Publishing Company 2007
William Wolseley Royal Navy Admiral (East Indies, Mediterranean) 1945
Wong Foon Sien Chinese-Canadian activist 2008
Henry Wise Wood founded Canada Wheat Pools 1962
J. S. Woodsworth CCF leader 1972
Philemon Wright lumber merchant, Ottawa Valley settler 1976
George MacKinnon Wrong professor 1950
James Lucas Yeo War of 1812 Commander 1937
Nellie Yip Quong community advocate; Euro-Canadian/Chinese Canadian intermediary 2008
John Young farmer, businessman, agricultural reformer 1951
William Young Premier (Nova Scotia), judge 1951
Marie-Marguerite d'Youville saint, founded Order of the Sisters of Charity 1973

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a National Historic Person!". Parks Canada. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  2. ^ "Persons of National Historic Significance". National Historic Sites of Canada System Plan. Parks Canada. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  3. ^ "National Historic Sites of Canada System Plan - Persons of National Historic Significance, Events of National Historic Significance". Parks Canada. 2000. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada" (requires a search by year or name). 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  5. ^ "Historic Sites and Monuments Board New Designations". 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  6. ^ "Government of Canada celebrates the historical significance of Dorothy Dworkin (1889-1976)". Parks Canada. 6 July 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  7. ^ http://www.passrob.com/documents/philip-louis-pratley-web.pdf

External links[edit]