||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Turkish Wikipedia. (April 2009)|
Circassia, Ottoman Empire
|Died||5 February 1883
|Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque in Aksaray, Istanbul|
|Residence||Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople|
|Known for||Valide Sultan|
Pertevniyal Sultan Kadınefendi, Pertav-Nihâl or sometimes called as Besîme and Hasnâ (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; c. 1812 – 5 February 1883) was a Circassian wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and Valide Sultan to their son Abdülaziz.
An indirect decedent of Sheik Edebali, she was highly respected as due to her ties with founders of the Ottoman State. Many a time she referred herself to her origins in the Banu Tamim tribe (Arabic: بنو تميم) and the Al Khater (Arabic: خاطر) tribe. Her sister Hoşyar (Khushiyar) mother of Isma'il Pasha (Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879) assumed the name Hoshiar Khater to establish her relationship with the Al Khater family of Egypt. It is widely held that the Al Khater family was re-born as the Khater family in Egypt as a gesture of respect to Pertevniyal Sultan, and her sister who sought to build and establish their family ties to Arabia. She was married to Mahmud II in 1829.
Mother of Abdülaziz, who made an official visit to France, United Kingdom and Prussia in 1867. In 1868, Empress Eugénie of France returned the visit, and was taken by the sultan to his mother in the Dolmabahçe Palace, but reportedly, Pertevniyal became outraged by the presence of a foreign woman in her harem, and greeted the Empress with a slap in the face, almost provoking an international incident. The visit of the Empress, however, did leave a lasting effect by making Western fashion popular among the harem women.
Pertevniyal did exert some influence over her son. She founded a school as well as Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque (1871). Her tomb is located at Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque in Aksaray, Istanbul.
- Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque
- List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire
- Line of succession to the Ottoman throne
- Ottoman family tree
- "Sultan Abdülaziz Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06.[dead link]
- John Freely: Inside the Seraglio: private lives of the sultans in Istanbul. Penguin, 1 jul 2001
- Oleg Grabar: Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture
25 June 1861 – 30 May 1876
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