The Castle Inn
|Motto: Where people and trails meet|
|• Mayor||Terrence Peter Ritchie|
|• MP||Mike Allen (C)|
|• MLA||Andrew Harvey (Lib)|
|• Land||8.89 km2 (3.43 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||183 m (734 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||130 m (246 ft)|
|• Density||200.1/km2 (518/sq mi)|
|• Change 2006-11||-1.1%|
|Time zone||Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC-3)|
|Canadian Postal code||E7H|
|Telephone Exchange||273, 819|
The village is divided by the Saint John River with Perth on the east bank and Andover on the west bank; each was a separate community until municipal amalgamation in 1966. Perth-Andover's population meets the requirements for "town" status under the provincial Municipalities Act; however, it has not applied to change from village designation.
Much of Perth was originally part of the territory of the Tobique First Nation, whose reserve was established in 1801, at the band's request. Due to squatters, the First Nation gradually had to surrender a total of 2,539 acres, much in Perth-Andover.
In 1878 the New Brunswick Railway opened its line through the community connecting Fredericton and Edmundston, crossing the river from the east bank at Perth to the west bank at Andover. In 1890 the NBR was leased by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). In 1894 the Tobique Valley Railway constructed a line from a junction with the CPR at Perth to Plaster Rock; it was leased by CPR in 1897.
In March 1987 the spring freshet caused several severe ice jams on the Saint John River upstream of the railway bridge in Perth-Andover. On the night of April 1, 1987 an extremely high water level forced residents to evacuate, including a seniors home and the hospital. The morning of April 2, 1987 the Canadian Pacific Railway bridge was demolished by the large ice jam, and many buildings and homes along the river in Perth-Andover were flooded. The destruction of the railway bridge cut off CP Rail's network north of Perth from the railway lines in the southern part of western New Brunswick. This contributed to CP Rail's abandonment of these rural branchlines, which were considered unprofitable by the railway. CP Rail tried to blame NB Power for failing to control water discharges from its hydro-electric dams on the river. By the early 1990s, the railroad had ended railway from the northern end of the Saint John River valley.
In 2009 the Canadian government accepted the Tobique Specific Land Claim of 10,533 acres for negotiation; this relates to the 1892 surrender which the First Nation claims is invalid due to the failure of the government to get approval by Order in Council. Settlement of the claim will result in compensation; existing landowners will not be affected. The governments and the Tobique First Nation have three years to negotiate a settlement.
On March 23, 2012, a high spring freshet coupled with an ice jam caused a rise in water levels surpassing those in the 1987 flood. A mandatory evacuation order was issued. About 500 people were affected. Since most of the village is located on a flood plain, some residents are planning on moving to higher ground.
Perth-Andover Electric Light Commission (PAELC) is one of three municipal power utilities left in New Brunswick, and the only one completely independent of NB Power. The residents of the municipality pay the lowest power rates in the province.
- "Background and History of the Claim", Tobique Land Rights: No Consent and No Surrender, Official Website, accessed 25 November 2011
- "Compensation talks for Tobique First Nation to begin in October", CBC, 17 June 2008, accessed 25 November 2011
- Huras, Adam (24 March 2012). "New Brunswick village Perth-Andover flooded". Vancouver Sun (Perth-Andover, NB). Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Dozens ordered out of N.B. flood area". The Chronicle Herald (Perth-Andover, NB). 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- Adam Huras (March 26, 2012). "As the waters recede, residents want help moving out of N.B. flood zone". New Brunswick Telegraph-Journal (Perth-Andover, NB).
- Gathering of the Scots Festival
- Larlee Creek Hullabaloo
- Matt Andersen