Perth (Scottish Parliament constituency)
|Former county constituency
for the Scottish Parliament
|Council area||Perth and Kinross|
|Replaced by||Perthshire North
Perthshire South and Kinross-shire
Perth is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.
The region covers all of the Clackmannanshire council area, all of the Fife council area, all of the Perth and Kinross council area, all of the Stirling council area and parts of the Angus council area.
Constituency boundaries and council area
The constituency was created at the same time as the Scottish Parliament, in 1999, with the name and boundaries of a pre-existing Westminster (House of Commons) constituency. The area has been covered by Westminster constituencies with differing names but similar boundaries since 1918, but in 2005 Scottish Westminster constituencies were mostly replaced with new constituencies. Most of the Perth Westminster constituency was merged into Ochil and South Perthshire. Part, including the town of Perth, was merged into Perth and North Perthshire.
The Holyrood constituency of Perth covers a central portion of the Perth and Kinross council area. The rest of the council area is covered by two Mid Scotland and Fife constituencies, Ochil and Tayside North, and one North East Scotland constituency, Angus.
Tayside North, to the north of the Perth constituency, also covers a northern portions of the Angus council area.
The Angus constituency, to the north-east of the Perth constituency, also covers a southern portion of the Angus council area and north-western and north-eastern portions of the City of Dundee council area.
Following their First Periodic review of constituencies to the Scottish Parliament in time for the next election in 2011, the Boundary Commission for Scotland has created two newly drawn seats to replace Perth. These will be known as Perthshire North and Perthshire South and Kinross-shire.
The constituency is a combination of small prosperous towns and rich agricultural land. It includes the town of Perth and the towns of Bridge of Earn, Auchterarder, Crieff and Comrie. It is a relatively prosperous, largely rural, Lowland seat on the fringe of the Highlands, with successful livestock farming, fruit-growing and tourism interests. Unemployment is relatively low and half the electorate lives in the town of Perth itself.
In Westminster elections the area is traditionally Conservative, and Conservatives have held seats representing the area during most of the period since World War II. Scottish National Party (SNP) tradition is also strong, however, and the SNP has contested every parliamentary election in the area in the same post war period. In the Perth and Kinross Westminster by-election in 1995, the SNP's Roseanna Cunningham won the Perth and Kinross Westminster seat from the Conservatives with an 11.5% swing. She then held the seat in the 1997 United Kingdom general election and went on to be elected to Holyrood in the 1999 Scottish Parliament election, and to be re-elected in the 2003 Scottish Parliament election.
Member of the Scottish Parliament
|1999||Roseanna Cunningham||Scottish National Party|
|Scottish Parliament election, 2007: Perth|
Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Barret||4,767||13.7||+2.5||3,854||11.02|
|Free Scotland||Jim Fairlie||575||1.6||+1.6||157||0.45|
|Scottish Senior Citizens||687||1.96|
|Total Valid votes||34,862||34,972|
|Scottish Parliament election, 2003: Perth|
|Liberal Democrats||Gordon Campbell||3,530||11.2||+1.7|
|Scottish Socialist||Philip Stott||982||3.1||+3.1|
|Scottish People's||Kenneth Buchanan||257||0.8||+0.8|
|Scottish Parliament election, 1999: Perth|
|Liberal Democrats||Chic Brodie||3,558||9.5||N/A|
- See The 5th Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland
- Regional votes 2007
- Constituency votes 2007