Perušić

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Perušić
Town
A sign near Perusic.
A sign near Perusic.
Flag of Perušić
Flag
Official seal of Perušić
Seal
The Municipality of Perušić within Lika-Senj County.
The Municipality of Perušić within Lika-Senj County.
Country Croatia
County Lika-Senj County
Municipality Perušić
Perušić 1487
Founded by Dominic and Gaspar Perušić
Government
Area
 • Total 380.69 sq mi (986.0 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,638
 • Density 6.9/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Time zone UTC+1 Central European Time

Perušić is a town and a municipality in Lika-Senj County, Croatia. The municipality has 2,638 inhabitants, while the town itself has 852.[1] The municipality is part of Lika, a mountainous region in central Croatia. The Kosinj region is located near the town.

Geography[edit]

Urban Perusic is located in the southeastern part of Lika, at an altitude 575-600, lying in one of the many valleys of the area - a field between the railway line east of Citadels (old town Perušić in place today the Tower) and the hills west of Klis, along the main communication (Otocac-Gospic) . The most important are the routes through which the Perušić well connected: state road D-50 between Otocac and Gospic, the Zagreb-Split highway (highway exit in Peru) and the main railway 11th MP

The Kaluderovac boardwalk near Plitvička Jezera.

History[edit]

Perušić's emergence as an organized settlement dates from the early modern period (16th and 17th century), when the settlement is located on the border line between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. It was first mentioned Perušić in 1487. It was founded by brothers Dominic and Gaspar Perušić, from a noble family that comes from the hinterland. According to their last place gets its name, a family built on a hill fortress of defense in the literature have different names for Perušić: old city, Gradina, and people usually just say Perušić tower. When the Turks conquered the Lika and Krbava Perušić, as part of Lika Sandzak, it became the main stronghold of the Turkish Like. Turks in the same period belonged to the whole Kosinjski end. Continually inhabited desolate area to determine its border zone by Venice and the Habsburg Monarchy. This, the borderland between the three great empires (Habsburg Monarchy with the remains of the Croatian-Hungarian Empire, the Venetian Republic and Ottoman Empire) was the scene of constant warfare. Exemption from the Turkish authorities in Lika began in 1685.

Until 1918, Perušić (named PERUSSICH before 1850) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia after the compromise of 1867),[2] in the Croatian Military Frontier, administered by the Kommando OTTOTSCHANER Regiment N°II.[3]

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Perušić was part of the Lika-Krbava County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Kingdom of Hungary 10 filler stamp cancelled at Perušič in 1900 (Military Border)

At the time of the Greater rebellion[4] and aggression against Croatia, Perušić be found near the front lines. Safety of this town was not safe even after the stabilization of the battlefield and the international recognition of the Croatian part of the countries of the European Community. In addition to artillery attacks, 19 January 1992nd Greater undertaken and infantry attack by the Croatian troops refused.[5]

Croatian literacy[edit]

According to historical documents Perušić can be called the cradle of Croatian literacy. Shortly after the printing press was invented in the village near Denison, Perušić printed in the Roman Missal according to the law court or Kosinjski Missal (Catholic religious books), one of the oldest printed books in Croatia and Europe, with numerous illustrations and ornaments.

Population[edit]

The following settlements comprise the municipality:[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Perušić
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(52)
15
(59)
18
(64)
24
(75)
28
(82)
31
(88)
31
(88)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
11
(52)
20.1
(68.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6
(43)
9.5
(49.1)
13
(55)
18
(64)
22
(72)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
19
(66)
15.5
(59.9)
10.5
(50.9)
7
(45)
15.5
(59.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
1
(34)
4
(39)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
3
(37)
9.3
(48.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50
(1.97)
43
(1.69)
58
(2.28)
61
(2.4)
49
(1.93)
31
(1.22)
23
(0.91)
42
(1.65)
76
(2.99)
91
(3.58)
92
(3.62)
92
(3.62)
708
(27.87)
Avg. rainy days 11 8 9 11 8 7 5 6 9 10 13 13 110
Source: World Weather Online[6]

Economy[edit]

Farming and some agricultural industries are the main industries. The nearby highway brought up rapid economic development.

Landmarks[edit]

Grabovača[edit]

Main article: Grabovača

Grabovača, the elevation of the mid-Velebit is situated between the Lika karstic plains and fields Perusic, 2 km from the center of Perušić. It is located at 770 m above sea level near the karst basin of the river Lika. With it on the west and south shoots wide panorama of the vast karst plateau with Lika River canyon, an artificial lake breads and green wall on the far horizon of Velebit. To the east you can see historical monuments tower from the late 17th century parish church. Cross the late 17th the century. On Grabovac is an invaluable wealth of underground karst forms, which makes 1/4 of the total number of protected caves facilities in Croatia. The complex variety and abundance of calcite formations valuable speleological phenomena (six cave and a cave) is located at spatially restricted sites of only 1.5 km2.[7]

Kosinj Bridge[edit]

Main article: Kosinj Bridge

Kosinj Bridge is built of stone, seventy meters long bridge over the river Lika, connecting the Upper and Lower Denison. It was designed in the 19th Century architect Milivoj Frković, and is built on the model of early Croatian bridge building, technique, "uklinjenjem stone." The bridge is unique and the openings in the arches, which have the function of relieving water waves on impact with the bridge, and water to illustrate the proper circles.

Kruščica[edit]

Near Licko field, in 1966th it was artificially created by the accumulation lake with an 80 meter high dam, in whose depths of submerged village with the church of St. Ilya.

Sport[edit]

The local soccer team is NK Perušić.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Perušić". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ Die Poststempel auf der Freimarken-Ausgabe 1867 von Österreich und Ungarn, Edwin Mueller, 1930
  3. ^ Map in the Corinphila-Auktionen 2003.
  4. ^ This text lacks clarity, should be replaced by correct English.
  5. ^ http://www.centardomovinskograta.hr/1992.html
  6. ^ "Perusic Benkovacki Climate Data". World Weather Online. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  7. ^ http://www.pp-grabovaca.hr/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°36′27.28″N 15°14′4.57″E / 44.6075778°N 15.2346028°E / 44.6075778; 15.2346028