Peruvian Segunda División

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Peruvian Segunda División
ADFP Segunda Division.jpg
Country Peru
Founded 1936
Number of teams 16
Levels on pyramid 2
Promotion to Primera División
Relegation to Copa Perú
Current champions Los Caimanes
(2013)
TV partners CMD
Website www.adfp-sd.com
2014 season

The Segunda División Peruana (Second Division) of Peru is the second-highest division in the Peruvian football league system. It is a professional division and was declared a promotional division by the Peruvian Football Federation (FPF). After years of changing numbers of clubs, as of 2012 the league includes 10 clubs. It is currently organized by the Asociación Deportiva de Futbol Profesional.

History[edit]

The format of the Second Division has changed over the years. For decades after it was first formed in 1936, only clubs from the Department of Lima participated in the annual tournament. The winner was promoted to the Primera Division Peruana (First Division), the professional league.

  • 1988-1990, the winner was promoted to the Regional Metropolitan League (Torneo Metropolitano Regional).
  • 1991, there was no promotion because the First Division was undergoing major changes.
  • 1992, the format changed again. This time the winner of the tournament would play against the winners of the northern, southern and central regions in order to be promoted.
  • 1993-1997, the former system, in which the winner was directly promoted to the first division, was used.
  • 1998, the winner of the Second Division played a game against the second-to-last placed club of the First Division, to determine which would be in the First Division.
  • 1999-2003, the former system of promotion and relegation was used.
  • 2004-2008, a new format was adopted, in which the winner and runner-up of the Second Division would play in the Round of 16 of the Copa Perú.
  • 2009, the winner of the tournament was promoted to the First Division, while the last team was relegated from the tournament and played in the 2010 edition of the Copa Perú. Their places were taken by the two relegated clubs of the First Division, and the team that finished in third place in the 2009 Copa Perú.
  • 2010, the former system, in which the winner was directly promoted to the first division, was used. Two teams left the tournament before its start which reduced the number of teams participating back to ten.
  • 2011, Ten teams played a home and way tournament and split the second half into to groups, the top five teams from the previous stage decided the Champion while the bottom five fought against relegation.
  • 2012, the former system, in which the winner was directly promoted to the first division, was used.Two teams left the tournament before its start which reduced the number of teams to ten and automatically relegated them to the 2013 edition of the Copa Peru.
  • 2013, the leagues was expanded to 16 teams. A rigorous financial stability check was implemented which only 14 teams passed. Two teams were relegated to the 2014 edition of the Copa Peru.

Competition format and sponsorship[edit]

As of 2010, the winner of the tournament will be promoted to the First Division, while the last team will be relegated from the tournament and will play in the 2011 edition of the Copa Perú. Their places will be taken by the two relegated clubs of the First Division, and the team that finishes second place in the 2010 Copa Perú.

Sponsorship[edit]

The Peruvian Segunda División is sponsored by Movistar TV, hence the name Torneo de Ascenso. They have had exclusive broadcasting rights.

Criticisms[edit]

The Segunda División has received numerous criticisms, chiefly due to the lack of stability in the process of competition and promotion, and the lack of professionalism.[1] Most critics accuse the football federation president, Manuel Burga, as the cause of the problems and an unpopular figure recently in Peruvian football.

Team count[edit]

The Segunda División has several times changed the number of teams that operate in the league. Over the course of 74 years, the Segunda has had as few as four teams and as many as 16. The early Segunda División were played with an average number of teams ranging from 4 to 10. Prior to the current 12-club Segunda División, during the 2000s, the team count continued to fluctuate between 10, 12, 14, 16 and even a surprising 13. For example, 12 teams competed in 2009, 10 competed in 2008, 11 competed in 2007, and 12 teams competed from 2004-2006. In 2001 and 2002, the Segunda División played with a record 16 teams.

Artificial turf[edit]

Several stadiums used in the second division have artificial grass installed for the so-called massification of sport.[2] Most stadiums in Peru are owned by the IPD (Instituto Peruano del Deporte), which is the state group responsible for supporting the use of artificial turf. This has been severely criticized by top division teams and the media. At first, these artificial turfs were installed for the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Cup; however, more artificial turf was installed in other stadiums after the U-17 World Cup concluded.[3] These turfs are criticized for having a negative influence on the game and for the injuries which they cause to players.

Clubs[edit]

Currently, 16 clubs participate in the Segunda División, a change since the 2012 season because two teams withdrew before the start of the season. Five of the clubs are from Lima, and the remaining clubs make up the five teams from the country's interior. Prior to the current 10-club Segunda División, 12 teams competed in 2009, 10 competed in 2008, 11 competed in 2007 and 12 teams competed 2004-2006. In 2001 and 2002, the Segunda División played with a record 16 teams. In 2011, 12 teams will compete: 8 of last championship, the two relegated teams of Descentralizado and the second and third place of Copa Perú 2010.

Ciclista Lima and Unión Huaral, currently in the Copa Perú promotion tournament, have four titles won over the other clubs in Peru. Guardia Republicana, Mariscal Sucre, Unión Callao, Telmo Carbajo and Carlos Concha trail behind with 3 titles. Universidad César Vallejo, Total Clean, Cobresol, and José Gálvez are the only clubs outside the metropolitan area of Lima to have won a Segunda Division championship. In addition, Alianza Lima, Atlético Chalaco, Centro Iqueño, Defensor Lima, Deportivo Municipal, Mariscal Sucre, San Agustín, Sport Boys, and Unión Huaral are the only teams that have been champions of First and Second Division.

Deportivo Coopsol (Deportivo Aviación) is the club with the longest spell in the Segunda División, playing since 1999 when they debuted in the Segunda División.

The oldest club currently participating in the Segunda División are Sport Victoria, which were founded in 1919, respectively. The newest club active in the Segunda División include Alianza Cristiana.

Since the Second Division began at the national level in 2006, only 18 of the 25 regions have had representative teams in the Second Division. These are Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Moquegua, Piura, Puno, and Ucayali.

Team City Stadium[4] Capacity[5]
Alfonso Ugarte Puno Enrique Torres Belón 20,000
Alianza Universidad Huánuco Heraclio Tapia 15,000
Atlético Minero Matucana Municipal de Matucana 5,000
Atlético Torino Talara Campeonísimo 8,000
Carlos A. Mannucci Trujillo Mansiche 25,000
Defensor San Alejandro Aguaytía Aliardo Soria Pérez 15,000
Deportivo Municipal Lima Municipal de Chorrillos 10,000
Deportivo Coopsol Chancay Rómulo Shaw Cisneros 13,000
José Gálvez Chimbote Manuel Rivera Sánchez 25,000
Pacífico Lima Miguel Grau 17,000
Sport Boys Callao Miguel Grau 15,000
Sport Victoria Ica José Picasso Peratta 8,000
Unión Huaral Huaral Julio Lores Colan 10,000
Walter Ormeño Cañete Oscar Ramos Cabieses 8,000
Willy Serrato Chiclayo Elías Aguirre 24,500

Champions[edit]

Peruvian Segunda División had amateur status since its foundation until 1987. In the course of this era, Telmo Carbajo, Ciclista Lima, Unión Callao, Carlos Concha and Mariscal Sucre shared the most titles. The first run from 1936 to 1987 featured clubs only from Lima and Callao. In 1988 the league obtained professional status and in 2006 expanded the league to the entire nation, beginning the Segunda Divisón Nacional.

Season Champion Count Runner-up Third Place
1936 Telmo Carbajo 1
1939 Alianza Lima 1 Centro Iqueño Juventud Gloria
1940 Telmo Carbajo 2 Santiago Barranco
1941 Santiago Barranco 1 Centro Iqueño Ciclista Lima
1943 Telmo Carbajo 3 Progresista Apurímac Ciclista Lima
1944 Ciclista Lima 1 Telmo Carbajo Santiago Barranco
1945 Santiago Barranco 2 Atlético Lusitania Ciclista Lima
1946 Ciclista Lima 2 Unión Callao Atlético Lusitania
1947 Jorge Chávez (C) 1 Santiago Barranco Unión Callao
1948 Centro Iqueño 1 Santiago Barranco Unión Callao
1949 Ciclista Lima
Jorge Chávez (C)
3
2
Unión Callao
1950 Unión Callao 1 Association Chorrillos Unión Carbone
1951 Association Chorrillos 1 Atlético Lusitania Santiago Barranco
1952 Unión Callao 2 Porvenir Miraflores
1953 Carlos Concha 1 Atlético Lusitania Jorge Chávez (C)
1954 Unión Callao 3 KDT Nacional
1955 Carlos Concha 2 Porvenir Miraflores Unión América
1956 Porvenir Miraflores 1 Unión América
1957 Mariscal Castilla 1 Carlos Concha
1958 Unión América 1 Porvenir Miraflores Juventud Gloria
1959 Mariscal Sucre 1 KDT Nacional Porvenir Miraflores
1960 Defensor Lima 1 Carlos Concha KDT Nacional
1961 KDT Nacional 1 Association Chorrillos Unidad Vecinal No. 3
1962 Mariscal Sucre 2 Carlos Concha Porvenir Miraflores
1963 Carlos Concha 3 Porvenir Miraflores Atlético Lusitania
1964 Defensor Arica 1 Porvenir Miraflores
1965 Mariscal Sucre 3 Intimos de la Legua
1966 Porvenir Miraflores 2 Racing (SI)
1967 KDT Nacional 2 Independiente Sacachispas
1968 Deportivo Municipal 1 Atlético Deportivo Olímpico Carlos Concha
1969 SIMA 1 Mariscal Sucre Ciclista Lima
1970 Atlético Deportivo Olímpico 1 Centro Iqueño
1971 SIMA 2 Atlético Chalaco Mariscal Sucre
1972 Atlético Chalaco 1 Porvenir Miraflores Mariscal Sucre
1973 Unión Huaral 1 Walter Ormeño
1975 Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos 1 Papelera Atlas CITSA
1980 Unión Gonzales Prada 1 Defensor Lima Barcelona (S)
1981 Juventud La Palma 1 Mayta Cápac Barcelona (S)
1982 Unión Gonzales Prada 2 Esther Grande Huracán San Isidro
1983 Unión Gonzales Prada 3 Juventud La Palma Octavio Espinoza
1984 San Agustín 1 AELU Juventud La Joya
1985 Guardia Republicana 1 Cantolao Atlético Peruano
1986 Internazionale 1 AELU Lawn Tennis
1987 AELU
Guardia Republicana
1
2
Defensor Lima
1988 Defensor Lima 2 Juventud La Palma Sport Boys
1989 Sport Boys 1 Juventud La Palma Guardia Republicana
1990 Hijos de Yurimaguas 1 Walter Ormeño Juventud La Palma
1991 Enrique Lau Chun 1 Zúñiga Guardia Republicana
1992 Unión Huaral 2 Ciclista Lima Guardia Republicana
1993 Ciclista Lima 4 Guardia Republicana Alcides Vigo
1994 Unión Huaral 3 Hijos de Yurimaguas Zúñiga
1995 Guardia Republicana 3 Zúñiga Lawn Tennis
1996 Alcides Vigo 1 Hijos de Yurimaguas Unión Huaral
1997 Lawn Tennis 1 Bella Esperanza Hijos de Yurimaguas
1998 Hijos de Yurimaguas 2 Alcides Vigo AELU
1999 América Cochahuayco 1 Sporting Cristal B Alcides Vigo
2000 Deportivo Aviación 1 Alcides Vigo Hijos de Yurimaguas
2001 Alcides Vigo 2 AELU Bella Esperanza
2002 Unión Huaral 4 Defensor Villa del Mar Sporting Cristal B
2003 Sport Coopsol 1 Sporting Cristal B Olímpico Somos Perú
2004 Olimpico Aurora 1 Deportivo Municipal Unión de Campeones
2005 Olimpico Aurora 2 Deportivo Aviación Deportivo Municipal
2006 Deportivo Municipal 2 Universidad San Marcos Deportivo Aviación
2007 Universidad César Vallejo 1 Atlético Minero Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca
2008 Total Clean 1 Inti Gas Sport Águila
2009 Sport Boys 2 Cobresol Deportivo Coopsol
2010 Cobresol 1 Sport Áncash Hijos de Acosvinchos
2011 José Gálvez 1 Deportivo Coopsol Alianza Unicachi
2012 Pacífico 1 Deportivo Coopsol Los Caimanes
2013 Los Caimanes 1 Alfonso Ugarte Atlético Torino

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Winning Seasons
Ciclista Lima 4 1944, 1946, 1949, 1993
Unión Huaral 4 1973, 1992, 1994, 2002
Carlos Concha 3 1953, 1955, 1963
Guardia Republicana 3 1985, 1987, 1995
Mariscal Sucre 3 1959, 1962, 1965
Telmo Carbajo 3 1936, 1940, 1943
Unión Callao 3 1950, 1952, 1954
Unión Gonzales Prada 3 1980, 1982, 1983
Alcides Vigo 2 1996, 2001
Defensor Lima 2 1960, 1988
Deportivo Municipal 2 1968, 2006
SIMA 2 1969, 1971
Hijos de Yurimaguas 2 1990, 1998
Jorge Chávez (C) 2 1947, 1949
KDT Nacional 2 1961, 1967
Olímpico Aurora 2 2004, 2005
Porvenir Miraflores 2 1956, 1966
Santiago Barranco 2 1941, 1945
Sport Boys 2 1989, 2009
AELU 1 1987
Alianza Lima 1 1939
América Cochahuayco 1 1999
Association Chorrillos 1 1951
Atlético Chalaco 1 1972
Atlético Deportivo Olímpico 1 1970
Centro Iqueño 1 1948
Cobresol 1 2010
Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos 1 1975
Defensor Arica 1 1964
Deportivo Aviación 1 2000
Enrique Lau Chun 1 1991
Internazionale 1 1986
José Gálvez 1 2011
Juventud La Palma 1 1981
Lawn Tennis 1 1997
Los Caimanes 1 2013
Mariscal Castilla 1 1957
Pacífico 1 2012
San Agustín 1 1984
Sport Coopsol 1 2003
Total Clean 1 2008
Unión América 1 1958
Universidad César Vallejo 1 2007

Titles by region[edit]

Region Nº of titles Clubs
Lima 45 Ciclista Lima (4), Unión Huaral (4), Guardia Republicana (3), Mariscal Sucre (3), Unión Gonzales Prada (3), Alcides Vigo (2), Defensor Lima (2), Deportivo Municipal (2), Olímpico Aurora (2), Porvenir Miraflores (2), Alianza Lima (1), América Cochahuayco (1), AELU (1), Association Chorrillos (1), Centro Iqueño (1), Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos (1), Defensor Arica (1), Deportivo Aviación (1), Enrique Lau Chun (1), Juventud La Palma (1), Lawn Tennis (1), Mariscal Castilla (1), Pacífico (1), San Agustín (1), Santiago Barranco (1), Sport Coopsol (1), Internazionale (1), Unión América (1)
Callao 21 Carlos Concha (3), Telmo Carbajo (3), Unión Callao (3), Hijos de Yurimaguas (2), Jorge Chávez (C) (2), KDT Nacional (2), SIMA (2), Sport Boys (2), Atlético Chalaco (1), Atlético Deportivo Olímpico (1)
Ancash 1 José Gálvez (1)
Arequipa 1 Total Clean (1)
La Libertad 1 Universidad César Vallejo (1)
Lambayeque 1 Los Caimanes (1)
Moquegua 1 Cobresol (1)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Becker, Wolfy (6 March 2007). "The dreadful situation of Peruvian football". Wolfy Becker. Retrieved 15 June 2009. 
  2. ^ "Woodman: "No habrá cambio de césped en el Elías Aguirre"" [There will not be changes to the field in the Elías Aguirre] (in Spanish). Peru.com. Retrieved 26 April 2010. "Agregó que de ninguna manera se cambiara el césped sintético a los demás estadios del país que tienen este tipo de gramado. 'Nosotros estamos para masificar el deporte y el pasto sintético es un tema apoyado por la FIFA.... Además sí se puede jugar al fútbol, como se juega en todos lados' subrayó Woodman." 
  3. ^ "Three Companies re-sign agreement". FIFA. Retrieved 26 May 2010. "Polytan Sportstättenbau GmbH, the German-based company, won the tender for installing 4 fields in Peru, all of which were used for the FIFA U-17 World Championship Peru 2005. This was the first time a FIFA Final tournament was played entirely on artificial turf." 
  4. ^ Most stadiums are owned by the Instituto Peruano del Deporte (IPD).
  5. ^ "Peru". fussballtempel.net. Archived from the original on 25 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 

External links[edit]

  • FPF Official Federation Website