Peruvian Uruguayans are mostly Peruvian-born persons living in Uruguay. There are as well some Uruguayan-born persons of Peruvian descent.
Peruvian immigrants started arriving in Uruguay around 1990, mainly by land. The 2011 Uruguayan census revealed 1,433 people who declared Peru as their country of birth; other sources state that there are some 2,000 to 3,000 Peruvians living and working in Uruguay, mostly in fisheries or as domestic servants.
As of 2013, Peruvians represent one of the most dynamic immigration flows in Uruguay. Yet most of them still live in poverty; only 125 are registered in the Uruguayan social security. Rather than fully assimilating into Uruguayan mainstream society, they tend to represent an example of multiculturalism.