Pescara Model 3 Helicopter
|Model 2 and Model 3|
|Designer||Raúl Pateras Pescara|
The Pescara Model 3 was the first of several coaxial helicopter designs by Raúl Pateras Pescara to demonstrate sustained controlled helicopter flight.
Argentinian engineer Pescara started helicopter development in 1916. Alberto Santos-Dumont helped fund experimentation on designs in France. Multiple examples were built, demonstrated, crashed, improved and rebuilt owing to conflicting and different names for the various versions. Anticipating success with the counter-rotating mechanism, Pescara patented a design with a streamlined fuselage with one set of rotors above, and one below the fuselage.
The model three was the first example to use control mechanisms as modern helicopters. The helicopter is based around a central shaft with counter-rotating rotors. Each rotor was doubled into a biplane arrangement with cable supports. It used a cyclic stick for forward and lateral control with rotor warping, and wheel for yaw anti-torque control. The main rotor shaft was able to tilt slightly for forward control. The rotors were also capable of autorotation in case of engine failure.
In September 1923, an 1 km flight attempt was nearly completed, before the vehicle crashed. On 24 May 1924 Étienne Oehmichen set a world helicopter record flight of 358m. On 18 April 1924 the model 2F bested the record and flew 736m at 8 mph to set a record in sustained vertical flight.
- Pescara Model 1
- 1919 - 45 hp (34 kW) Hispano automobile engine, later 170 hp (130 kW) Le Rhône Type 9R rotary
- Pescara Model 2
- 45 hp (34 kW) Hispano automobile engine, Six pairs of Biplane blades
- Pescara Model 2F
- Rear mounted radiator replaced with tail surface.
- Pescara Model 3
- Four pair of conter-rotating biplane blades - 180 hp (130 kW) Hispano-Suiza 8
- Pescara Model 4S
- 1931-Final British commissioned model featuring a radial engine with a small cooling propeller, and football shaped landing outriggers.
Specifications (Model 3)
Data from Air Progress
- Crew: 1
- Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8 V-8 piston engine, 130 kW (180 hp)
- Main rotor diameter: 16× 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
- Maximum speed: 13 km/h; 7 kn (8 mph)
- Range: .736 km (0 mi; 0 nmi) Demonstrated range
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
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- Wayne Johnson. Helicopter Theory. p. 14.
- Florian Ion Petrescu, Relly Victoria Petrescu. The Aviation History. p. 73.
- Stanley S. McGowen. Helicopters: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. p. 6.
- Air Progress: 56. December 1971. Missing or empty
- "New Helicopter Rises in Vertical Flight". Popular Science: 70. March 1931.