Location of Peshawar District (highlighted in yellow) within the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa map
|• Total||1,257 km2 (485 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,606.3/km2 (4,160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Peshawar (Pashto: پېښور) is a district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Until divisions were abolished as part of local government reforms in 2000 it was part of Peshawar Division. The city of Peshawar, as well as being the provincial capital, is the capital of the district. The area of the district is 1,257 km2, and at the 1998 Pakistan Census it had a population of 4,650,000 (up from 1,113,303 at the previous 1981 Census).
Civic administration of Peshawar District
Under the latest revision of Pakistan's administrative structure, promulgated in 2001, Peshawar was given status as a city district, and divided into four towns. Each town in turn consists of a group of union councils (UCs).
- Peshawar Town I
- Peshawar Town II
- Peshawar Town III
- Peshawar Town IV
- PF-1 (Peshawar-1)
- PF-2 (Peshawar-2)
- PF-3 (Peshawar-3)
- PF-4 (Peshawar-4)
- PF-5 (Peshawar-5)
- PF-6 (Peshawar-6)
- PF-7 (Peshawar-7)
- PF-8 (Peshawar-8)
- PF-9 (Peshawar-9)
- PF-10 (Peshawar-10)
- PF-11 (Peshawar-11)
The main language of the district is Pashto, other languages spoken in the district are listed below:
- Urdu, the lingua franca being National language is also spoken and understood.
- Hindko, a Punjabi dialect spoken by the majority of the city's population until the 1980s
- Standard Punjabi, mainly concentrated in the city centre and cantonment areas
- Saraiki, a Punjabi dialect spoken by people from DI Khan
- Khowar, by people from Chitral
- Kohistani, by people from Northern Swat and Kohistani District.
- Dari/Hazaragi/Farsi/Tajik, varieties of Persian by Afghan refugees
Only Urdu and English are found as written languages in the city, with Pashto to a much smaller extent.
The original district of Peshawar was a district of the North-West Frontier Province of British India. At independence in 1947 the old Peshawar District became Peshawar Division, containing the current district of Peshawar.