Peso da Régua

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Peso da Régua
The railway station in Peso da Régua
The railway station in Peso da Régua
Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
LocalPesoDaRegua.svg
Coordinates: 41°9′55″N 7°46′35″W / 41.16528°N 7.77639°W / 41.16528; -7.77639Coordinates: 41°9′55″N 7°46′35″W / 41.16528°N 7.77639°W / 41.16528; -7.77639
Country  Portugal
Region Norte
Subregion Douro
Intermunic. comm. Douro
District Vila Real
Parishes 8
Government
 • President Nuno Manuel Sousa Pinto de Carvalho Gonçalves (PSD-PPD)
Area
 • Total 94.86 km2 (36.63 sq mi)
Elevation 255 m (837 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 17,131
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Postal code 5054
Area code 254
Website http://www.cm-pesoregua.pt

Peso da Régua (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpezu ðɐ ˈʁɛɣwɐ]), commonly known as Régua, is a municipality in northern Portugal, in the district of Vila Real. The population in 2011 was 17,131[1] (of which approximately 10,000 are in the town of Régua), in an area of 94.86 km2 (36.63 sq mi) km².[2]

History[edit]

Population of
Peso da Régua
(1849 - 2004)
Year Pop. ±%
1849 9,202 —    
1900 18,401 +100.0%
1930 20,612 +12.0%
1960 22,634 +9.8%
1981 22,472 −0.7%
1991 21,567 −4.0%
2001 18,832 −12.7%
2011 17,131 −9.0%
A historic train in the railway station of Peso da Régua

Peso da Régua was inhabited by Roman and barbarian invasions during the early part of the settled history. Its name, as historians have suggested, developed from a few places: first, the name Vila Reggula a Roman estate that at one time existed near the historic centre; others suggest it originated from the word récua (the ships that plied the waters along the Douro); or derived the word reguengo (a designation for lands that were attributed to the monarchy).[3] Peso da Régua may also have its origin in the word regra (English: rule), alluding to the hereditary rights of descendents achieved through forals.[3] This theory is based on the donated of lands by Counts Henrique and Hugo in 1093, which were transferred to Egas Moniz.[3] It is likely that this rule gave origin to the word Régoa, and later Régua.[3] In relation to the first word, Peso, there are two opinions on its origin: the first, defends the it was derived from the place where the weighing of goods existed, or where taxes were levied; or, secondly, that the word was probably used to define the placed where animals were fed (Portuguese: pensado), or Penso.[3]

Middle Ages[edit]

Peso de Régua received its foral from King Sancho I, who conferred on the locality of Godim the municipal charter.[3]

On 3 February 1837, Peso da Régua was elevated to the status of vila (English: town), which included the annexed municipality of Godim, the civil parishes of Godim, Loureiro, Fontelas, Moura Morta and Sedielos.[3]

Its important role as municipality only achieved its zenith in 1836, after the Marquess of Pombal designated the Douro, its vineyards and wine, as a quality brand for export.[3] This was helped through the creation of Companhia Geral das Vinhas do Alto Douro, in 1756, which delimited the vineyards of the Douro Valley by granite markers (Portuguese: Marcos de Feitora) to regulate the vineyards and wines produced. After this point, through commercialization and centralization, Régoa began to become the centre of the region.[3]

On 31 December 1859, due to the extinction of the municipality of Canelas, the parishes of Poiares, Covelinhas, Vilarinho de Freires and Galafura were added to the municipality.[3]

Republic[edit]

On 11 December 1933, the parish of Vinhos was created from the de-annexed region of Sedielos, resulting in a municipality of eleven parishes threaded along the Douro.[3]

Within the integration of Canelas, in 1976, the municipality grew to twelve.[3]

Peso da Régua was elevated to city on 14 August 1985.[3]

In 1988, the Office Internacional de la Vigne et du Vin recognized the municipality as the Cidade Internacional da Vinha e do Vinho (English: International City of Vine and Wine).[3]

Geography[edit]

The Douro River valley running through the headlands of Peso da Régua
The terraced lands along the Douro River, with vineyards growing: the municipality was recognized as the International City of Vineyards and Wine in 1988

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 8 civil parishes (freguesias):[4]

  • Fontelas
  • Galafura e Covelinhas
  • Loureiro
  • Moura Morta e Vinhós
  • Peso da Régua e Godim
  • Poiares e Canelas
  • Sedielos
  • Vilarinho dos Freires

Economy[edit]

It can not be expressed how important Port Wine helped to catipult the fortunes of Peso da Régua:

Tourist boats ply the river from this point carrying tourists through the locks of two dams to Régua. The town is also connected to Porto by train; the Douro railway line runs along the banks of the Douro. Until its closure in 2009, the narrow gauge railway of the Corgo line also served the town.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Direção-Geral do Território
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Câmara Municipal, ed. (2007). "História" (in Portuguese). Peso da Régua: Câmara Municipal de Peso da Régua. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, pages 552 93-94" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
Sources
  • Pereira, Gaspar Martins; Barros, Amândio Morais (2000), Memória do Rio. Para uma história da navegação no Douro (in Portuguese), Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento 

External links[edit]