Peso da Régua Municipality, Portugal

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Coordinates: 41°9′55.21″N 7°46′35.32″W / 41.1653361°N 7.7764778°W / 41.1653361; -7.7764778
Peso da Régua
Municipality (Concelho)
Estação da Régua, 2010.10.02.jpg
The centre of the railway station in Peso da Régua
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Município de Peso da Régua
Nickname: Cidade Internacional da Vinha e do Vinho
Country  Portugal
Region Norte
Subregion Douro
District Vila Real
Municipality Peso da Régua
Civil Parishes Canelas, Covelinhas, Fontelas, Galafura, Godim, Loureiro, Moura Morta, Peso da Régua, Poiares, Sedielos, Vilarinho dos Freires, Vinhós
Center Peso da Régua
 - elevation 255 m (837 ft)
 - coordinates 41°9′55.21″N 7°46′35.32″W / 41.1653361°N 7.7764778°W / 41.1653361; -7.7764778
Length 20.50 km (13 mi), Northwest-Southeast
Width 7.45 km (5 mi), Southwest-Northeast
Area 94.86 km2 (37 sq mi)
Population 17,987 (2001)
Density 189.61 / km2 (491 / sq mi)
LAU Concelho/Câmara Municipal
 - location Praça do Município, Peso da Régua, Peso da Régua
President Nuno Manuel Sousa Pinto de Carvalho Gonçalves (PSD-PPD)
Municipal Chair Artur José Montenegro Soveral Freire de Andrade (PSD-PPD)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 5054-003 Peso da Régua
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 254 XXX XXX
Municipal Address Praça do Município
5054-003 Peso da Régua
Municipal Holidays 16 August
Location of the municipality of Peso da Régua in continental Portugal
Wikimedia Commons: Peso da Régua
Website: http://www.cm-pesoregua.pt
Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)

Peso da Régua (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpezu ðɐ ˈʁɛɣwɐ]), commonly known as Régua, is a municipality in northern Portugal, in the district of Vila Real. With a total area of 94.9 km2 (36.64 sq mi), extended over 12 parishes, its population included 17,987 inhabitants (of which approximately 10,000 are in the town of Régua).

History[edit]

Population of
Peso da Régua
(1849 - 2004)
Year Pop.   ±%  
1849 9,202 —    
1900 18,401 +100.0%
1930 20,612 +12.0%
1960 22,634 +9.8%
1981 22,472 −0.7%
1991 21,567 −4.0%
2001 18,832 −12.7%
2004 17,987 −4.5%
A historic train in the railway station of Peso da Régua

Peso da Régua was inhabited by Roman and barbarian invasions during the early part of the settled history. Its name, as historians have suggested, developed from a few places: first, the name Vila Reggula a Roman estate that at one time existed near the historic centre; others suggest it originated from the word récua (the ships that plied the waters along the Douro); or derived the word reguengo (a designation for lands that were attributed to the monarchy).[1] Peso da Régua may also have its origin in the word regra (English: rule), alluding to the hereditary rights of descendents achieved through forals.[1] This theory is based on the donated of lands by Counts Henrique and Hugo in 1093, which were transferred to Egas Moniz.[1] It is likely that this rule gave origin to the word Régoa, and later Régua.[1] In relation to the first word, Peso, there are two opinions on its origin: the first, defends the it was derived from the place where the weighing of goods existed, or where taxes were levied; or, secondly, that the word was probably used to define the placed where animals were fed (Portuguese: pensado), or Penso.[1]

Middle Ages[edit]

Peso de Régua received its foral from King Sancho I, who conferred on the locality of Godim the municipal charter.[1]

On 3 February 1837, Peso da Régua was elevated to the status of vila (English: town), which included the annexed municipality of Godim, the civil parishes of Godim, Loureiro, Fontelas, Moura Morta and Sedielos.[1]

Its important role as municipality only achieved its zenith in 1836, after the Marquess of Pombal designated the Douro, its vineyards and wine, as a quality brand for export.[1] This was helped through the creation of Companhia Geral das Vinhas do Alto Douro, in 1756, which delimited the vineyards of the Douro Valley by granite markers (Portuguese: Marcos de Feitora) to regulate the vineyards and wines produced. After this point, through commercialization and centralization, Régoa began to become the centre of the region.[1]

On 31 December 1859, due to the extinction of the municipality of Canelas, the parishes of Poiares, Covelinhas, Vilarinho de Freires and Galafura were added to the municipality.[1]

Republic[edit]

On 11 December 1933, the parish of Vinhos was created from the de-annexed region of Sedielos, resulting in a municipality of eleven parishes threaded along the Douro.[1]

Within the integration of Canelas, in 1976, the municipality grew to twelve.[1]

Peso da Régua was elevated to city on 14 August 1985.[1]

In 1988, the Office Internacional de la Vigne et du Vin recognized the municipality as the Cidade Internacional da Vinha e do Vinho (English: International City of Vine and Wine).[1]

Geography[edit]

The Douro River valley running through the headlands of Peso da Régua
The terraced lands along the Douro River, with vineyards growing: the municipality was recognized as the International City of Vineyards and Wine in 1988

The 12 parishes of Peso da Régua are:

  • Canelas
  • Covelinhas
  • Fontelas
  • Galafura
  • Godim (Peso da Régua)
  • Loureiro
  • Moura Morta
  • Peso da Régua
  • Poiares
  • Sedielos
  • Vilarinho dos Freires
  • Vinhós

Economy[edit]

It can not be expressed how important Port Wine helped to catipult the fortunes of Peso da Régua:

The mark founded in the landscape, in the lives of men and the system of relationships, more than its economic importance, to the region and the country, made the Port Wine a cultural fact, a Portuguese cultural patrimony, a universal wine. It is this generous wine, with singular characteristics, old, sweet and aromatic, completed centuries of experience, of work, of knowledge and art, of solidarity and conflicts. Complimented by nature, with united exceptional conditions on the flanks of schist along the Douro valley, the wine of Porto is, like many of the great wines, a human product. Of the Dourense, clearly, but also too the businessmen of Porto, the English, the poor of the Cold Lands of Trás-os-Montes and Beira, the careers of the people of Minho and Galicia...Here, in the demarcated region of wines, that are considered the oldest in the world (1756), in the contemporary sense a denomination of origin, the history of the peoples and vineyards advance, along the centuries and roads parallel.quote text

—Gaspar Martins Pereira, (2000) Memória do Rio. Para uma história da navegação no Douro. Edições Afrontamento. Porto

Tourist boats ply the river from this point carrying tourists through the locks of two dams to Régua. The town is also connected to Porto by train; the Douro railway line runs along the banks of the Douro. Until its closure in 2009, the narrow gauge railway of the Corgo line also served the town.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Câmara Municipal, ed. (2007). "História" (in Portuguese). Peso da Régua: Câmara Municipal de Peso da Régua. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
Sources
  • Pereira, Gaspar Martins; Barros, Amândio Morais (2000), Memória do Rio. Para uma história da navegação no Douro (in Portuguese), Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento 

External links[edit]