Pessac

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Pessac
Chateau of Haut Brion
Chateau of Haut Brion
Flag of Pessac
Flag
Coat of arms of Pessac
Coat of arms
Pessac is located in France
Pessac
Pessac
Coordinates: 44°48′24″N 0°37′52″W / 44.8067°N 0.6311°W / 44.8067; -0.6311Coordinates: 44°48′24″N 0°37′52″W / 44.8067°N 0.6311°W / 44.8067; -0.6311
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Bordeaux
Canton Pessac 1
Pessac 2
Intercommunality Bordeaux
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Jacques Benoît
Area1 38.82 km2 (14.99 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 57,632
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33318 / 33600
Elevation 12–56 m (39–184 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pessac (Occitan: Peçac) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Bordeaux and is adjacent to it on the southwest. It is a member of the metropolitan Urban Community of Bordeaux. Pessac is also home to the Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, the Université Michel de Montaigne Bordeaux III, and the Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux.

Geography[edit]

Pessac is located in the south of the Bordeaux metro area and is surrounded by Bordeaux, Talence, Gradignan, Canéjan, Cestas, Saint-Jean-d'Illac et Mérignac.

The western part of the commune is part of the Landes de Bordeaux.



Mérignac,
St-Jean-d'Illac


Mérignac


Mérignac, Bordeaux

St-Jean-d'Illac

Pessac

Talence

St-Jean-d'Illac, Cestas

Canéjan

Gradignan

History[edit]

Early in World War II (June 22 1940), the town was the scene of a quadruple execution on the firing range of Verthamon. Four communist militants, one of whom, Roger Rambaud, was not yet 17, were among the escapees from the military prison in Paris, were killed in the utmost secrecy by soldiers of the Third Republic. This case, classified "Secret Defense" for 70 years, has recently been revealed by the historian Jacky Tronel in the history magazine Arkheia.[1]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Neighborhoods of Pessac:[2]

  • Verthamon
  • Les échoppes
  • Brivazac - Candau
  • Noës
  • Pessac-bourg
  • Casino
  • Sardine
  • Chiquet
  • Compostelle - La Paillère
  • Le Monteil
  • CCLAPS - La Chataigneraie
  • Saige - Formanoir
  • 3 M (Macédo, Mirante, Monbalon)
  • France - L'Alouette
  • Cap de Bos
  • Magonty - Romainville
  • Toctoucau

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,430 —    
1800 1,336 −6.6%
1806 1,414 +5.8%
1821 1,349 −4.6%
1831 1,502 +11.3%
1836 1,341 −10.7%
1841 1,708 +27.4%
1846 1,785 +4.5%
1851 2,094 +17.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1856 2,334 +11.5%
1861 2,537 +8.7%
1866 2,676 +5.5%
1872 4,743 +77.2%
1876 3,103 −34.6%
1881 3,227 +4.0%
1886 3,759 +16.5%
1891 3,944 +4.9%
1896 4,411 +11.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1901 4,239 −3.9%
1906 4,612 +8.8%
1911 5,234 +13.5%
1921 6,691 +27.8%
1926 8,268 +23.6%
1931 10,706 +29.5%
1936 13,004 +21.5%
1946 17,769 +36.6%
1954 19,226 +8.2%
Year Pop. ±%
1962 24,281 +26.3%
1968 36,986 +52.3%
1975 51,360 +38.9%
1982 50,267 −2.1%
1990 51,055 +1.6%
1999 56,143 +10.0%
2008 57,632 +2.7%

Education[edit]

9 Kindergartens

15 Grade schools

5 Middle schools

2 High schools

Transportation[edit]

Pessac has a railway station on the westbound line from Bordeaux, Gare de Pessac. Pessac is also served by the urban transport network of the Bordeaux agglomeration, Tram et Bus de la CUB (TBC).

Pessac is located on line B of the Tramway de Bordeaux.

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Pessac is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]