Pestalotiopsis microspora

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Pestalotiopsis microspora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Xylariomycetidae
Order: Xylariales
Family: Amphisphaeriaceae
Genus: Pestalotiopsis
Species: P. microspora
Binomial name
Pestalotiopsis microspora
(Speg.) G.C. Zhao & N. Li
Varieties

P. microspora microspora
P. microspora philippinensis

Synonyms

Pestalotia dichaeta Speg.
Pestalotia micheneri Guba
Pestalotia microspora Speg.
Pestalotiopsis dichaeta (Speg.) Steyaert

Pestalotiopsis microspora
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
hymenium attachment is not applicable
spore print is blackish-brown
ecology is parasitic
edibility: unknown

Pestalotiopsis microspora is a species of endophytic fungus capable of breaking down and digesting polyurethane.[1] Originally identified in fallen foliage of common ivy (L: Hederae helicis) in Buenos Aires,[2] it also causes leaf spot in Hidcote (Hypericum patulum) shrubs in Japan.[3]

Its polyurethane degradation activity was discovered in the Yasuni National Forest within the Ecuadorian Amazonian rainforest by a group of student researchers led by molecular biochemistry professor Scott Strobel as part of Yale's annual Rainforest Expedition and Laboratory. It's the first fungus species to be able to survive exclusively on polyurethane and, more importantly, able to do so in anaerobic conditions. This makes the fungus a potential candidate for bioremediation projects involving large quantities of plastic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jonathan R. Russell, Jeffrey Huang, Pria Anand, Kaury Kucera, Amanda G. Sandoval, Kathleen W. Dantzler, DaShawn Hickman, Justin Jee, Farrah M. Kimovec, David Koppstein, Daniel H. Marks, Paul A. Mittermiller, Salvador Joel Núñez, Marina Santiago, Maria A. Townes, Michael Vishnevetsky, Neely E. Williams, Mario Percy Núñez Vargas, Lori-Ann Boulanger, Carol Bascom-Slack, and Scott A. Strobel (15 July 2011). "Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Endophytic Fungi". Applied and Environmental Microbiology (Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology) 77 (17): 6076–6084. doi:10.1128/AEM.00521-11. ISSN 1098-5336. PMC 3165411. PMID 21764951. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Saccardo, Pier Andrea. Sylloge fungorum omnium hucusque cognitorum (in Latin) 3. p. 789. OL 7025165M. 
  3. ^ http://www.apsnet.org/publications/plantdisease/2010/August/Pages/94_8_1064.2.aspx


External links[edit]