Pestovsky District

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Pestovsky District
Пестовский район (Russian)
Location of Pestovsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Pestovsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°36′N 35°49′E / 58.600°N 35.817°E / 58.600; 35.817Coordinates: 58°36′N 35°49′E / 58.600°N 35.817°E / 58.600; 35.817
Coat of arms of Pestovo.svg
Coat of arms of Pestovo and Pestovsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of November 2013)
Administrative center town of Pestovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns of district significance 1
Settlements 7
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 204
Municipal structure (as of October 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Pestovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area 2,120 km2 (820 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 21,676 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 73.4%
- Rural 26.6%
Density 10.22 /km2 (26.5 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Official website
Pestovsky District on WikiCommons

Pestovsky District (Russian: Песто́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Chagodoshchensky District of Vologda Oblast in the north, Ustyuzhensky District of Vologda Oblast in the northeast, Sandovsky District of Tver Oblast in the southeast, Lesnoy District of Tver Oblast in the south, Moshenskoy District in the west, and with Khvoyninsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,120 square kilometers (820 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Pestovo.[1] Population: 21,676 (2010 Census);[5] 23,931 (2002 Census);[9] 25,331 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Pestovo accounts for 73.4% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The whole area of the district belongs to the basin of the Mologa River, which crosses the district from south to north. In particular, the town of Pestovo is located on the banks of the Mologa. There are many lakes in the west of the district. The biggest one, Lake Meglino, is shared with Moshenskoy District and drains into the Mologa via the Meglinka. Another major tributary of the Mologa within the district is the Kirva. A significant part the district's territory is covered by woods.

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples; Krivich Slavs arrived later. From the 9th century, the area gradually fell under control of the Novgorod Republic, and by the 12th century it was a frontier area, with the Principality of Rostov located immediately to the east and showing interest in the Mologa lands. The region experienced an influx of settlers in the 13th century, when peasants were fleeing the Mongols. It belonged to the Novgorod Republic, until in the 15th century, after the fall of Novgorod, it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The area was severely depopulated in the end of the 16th century and in the beginning of the 17th century, as a consequence of a series of epidemics followed by the Time of Troubles. First villages in what now is Pestovsky District were mentioned in the 16th century.[11]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area, then a part of Ustyuzhensky Uyezd, was transferred to Novgorod Governorate.

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Ustyuzhensky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets.[12] On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Governorate was abolished, and its area became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, uyezds were abolished, and, effective October 1, 1927,[8] Pestovsky District was established within Cherepovets Okrug, with the administrative center in the settlement of Pestovo.[13] On September 19, 1927, Pestovo was granted work settlement status.[13] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[14] In 1930, a minor part of Mikhaylovsky District of Moscow Oblast was transferred to Pestovsky District.[13] On July 5, 1944, Pestovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.[13] On February 1, 1963, the district was transformed into Pestovsky Rural District[15] in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's abortive administrative reform. On January 12, 1965, this was reverted; at the same time Pestovo was granted town status.[15]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The mechanical factory in Pestovo currently mainly produces metallic containers and construction blocks. There are also enterprises of timber industry and food industry.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

The district specializes in cattle breeding and milk production.[17]

Transportation[edit]

The railroad connecting Sonkovo and Mga, or, more generally, the northern railroad between Moscow and St. Petersburg, crosses the district from east to west. Pestovo is the biggest railway station within the district.

A road connecting Ustyuzhna and Borovichi runs through the district, passing Pestovo. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Matveyeva double house in the village of Bogoslovo

The district contains four cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally eighty-nine objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[18] All federal cultural heritage objects are archaeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #369-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Пестовский район" (in Russian). Администрация Пестовского муниципального района. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "История района" (in Russian). Администрация Пестовского муниципального района. 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  12. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 34–35
  13. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., pp. 127–128
  14. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  15. ^ a b Snytko et al., pp. 219–220
  16. ^ "Промышленность Пестовского района" (in Russian). Администрация Пестовского муниципального района. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Сельское хозяйство" (in Russian). Администрация Пестовского муниципального района. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved December 18, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №369-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Пестовского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №355-ОЗ от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 4 Областного закона "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Пестовского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №2, 12 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #369-OZ of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Pestovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #355-OZ of October 28, 2013 On Amending Article 4 of the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Pestovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727–1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 15, 2012.