Petřvald (Karviná District)

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Petřvald
Town
Saint Henry Church
Saint Henry Church
Flag of Petřvald
Flag
Coat of arms of Petřvald
Coat of arms
Petřvald (Karviná District) is located in Czech Republic
Petřvald (Karviná District)
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°49′38″N 18°23′9″E / 49.82722°N 18.38583°E / 49.82722; 18.38583
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Karviná
First mentioned 1305
Government
 • Mayor Václav Holeček
Area
 • Total 12.63 km2 (4.88 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 7,065
 • Density 560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Postal code 735 41
Website http://www.petrvald.info/

About this sound Petřvald  (Polish: Pietwałd , Cieszyn Silesian: Pietwołd, German: Peterswald) is a town in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic, in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It has a population of 6,967 (December 2006).

History[edit]

The settlement was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Petirwalde.[1][2][3] It meant that the village was in the process of location (the size of land to pay tithe from was not yet precised). The walde (German for a wood) ending of its name indicates that the primordial settlers were of German origins. The creation of the village was a part of a larger settlement campaign taking place in late 13th century on the territory of what will be later known as Upper Silesia.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Petirswalde.[4] After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings in the region) by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 26 March 1654.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commisione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 369–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°49′38″N 18°23′9″E / 49.82722°N 18.38583°E / 49.82722; 18.38583