Petar Živković

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Petar Živković
Petar Zivkovic.jpg
11th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
7 January 1929 – 4 April 1932
Monarch Alexander I
Preceded by Anton Korošec
Succeeded by Vojislav Marinković
Minister without Portfolio
In office
1943–1943/45
Monarch Peter II
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Personal details
Born 1 January 1879
Negotin, Serbia
Died 3 February 1947(1947-02-03) (aged 68)
Paris, France
Nationality Yugoslav
Political party Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy
Yugoslav National Party
Religion Serbian Orthodox
Military service
Allegiance Yugoslavia
Service/branch Royal Yugoslav Army
Years of service 1903-1943
Rank General of the Army
Battles/wars World War I

Petar Živković (Cyrillic script: Петар Живковић; 1 January 1879 – 3 February 1947) was a Serbian soldier and political figure in Yugoslavia. He was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from January 7, 1929 until April 4, 1932.

Life[edit]

Petar Živković was born in Negotin, Principality of Serbia (present-day Bor District, Serbia) in 1879. A soldier at the Serbian court, he helped overthrow the Obrenović dynasty with the assassination of King Aleksandar Obrenović (11 June), which was orchestrated by colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević, the founder and leading member of the secret nationalist organization Black Hand. Živković later founded the secret organization White Hand in 1912, which served to counter the power of the Black Hand. In 1921, Alexander I of Yugoslavia appointed Živković commander of the Palace Guards; in 1929 he was appointed Prime Minister.

Živković held the office as a member of the Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy (JRSD), which was soon the only legal party in Yugoslavia, due to his electoral "reforms." He resigned as prime minister in 1932, and shortly thereafter founded the Yugoslav National Party, becoming its president in 1936.

Meanwhile, Alexander I had been assassinated, in 1934; his cousin Pavle Karađorđević took office as regent for the 11-year-old Petar II. Upon Pavle's 1941 signing of the Tripartite Pact, Živković left Yugoslavia, ahead of the Nazi invasion (see Balkans Campaign). He became part of the Yugoslav government in exile.

In 1946 he was tried in absentia in Yugoslavia and sentenced to death. He remained in exile in France, dying in Paris in 1947, aged 68.

References[edit]

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Political offices
Preceded by
Anton Korošec
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
1929–1932
Succeeded by
Vojislav Marinković
New office Minister without Portfolio
1943–1943/45
Abolished