|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2007)|
|11th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia|
7 January 1929 – 4 April 1932
|Preceded by||Anton Korošec|
|Succeeded by||Vojislav Marinković|
|Minister without Portfolio|
|Born||1 January 1879
|Died||3 February 1947
|Political party||Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy
Yugoslav National Party
|Service/branch||Royal Yugoslav Army|
|Years of service||1903-1943|
|Rank||General of the Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Petar Živković (Cyrillic script: Петар Живковић; 1 January 1879 – 3 February 1947) was a Serbian soldier and political figure in Yugoslavia. He was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from January 7, 1929 until April 4, 1932.
Petar Živković was born in Negotin, Principality of Serbia (present-day Bor District, Serbia) in 1879. A soldier at the Serbian court, he helped overthrow the Obrenović dynasty with the assassination of King Aleksandar Obrenović (11 June), which was orchestrated by colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević, the founder and leading member of the secret nationalist organization Black Hand. Živković later founded the secret organization White Hand in 1912, which served to counter the power of the Black Hand. In 1921, Alexander I of Yugoslavia appointed Živković commander of the Palace Guards; in 1929 he was appointed Prime Minister.
Živković held the office as a member of the Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy (JRSD), which was soon the only legal party in Yugoslavia, due to his electoral "reforms." He resigned as prime minister in 1932, and shortly thereafter founded the Yugoslav National Party, becoming its president in 1936.
Meanwhile, Alexander I had been assassinated, in 1934; his cousin Pavle Karađorđević took office as regent for the 11-year-old Petar II. Upon Pavle's 1941 signing of the Tripartite Pact, Živković left Yugoslavia, ahead of the Nazi invasion (see Balkans Campaign). He became part of the Yugoslav government in exile.
|Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
|New office||Minister without Portfolio
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