Petawawa River

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Coordinates: 45°54′38″N 77°15′31″W / 45.91056°N 77.25861°W / 45.91056; -77.25861
Petawawa River
Crooked Chute Petawawa.jpg
The dangerous Crooked Chute in Algonquin Provincial Park
Name origin: From the Algonquian for "where one hears a noise like this"
Country Canada
Ontario Ontario
Regions Eastern Ontario, Northeastern Ontario
Districts Renfrew County, Nipissing District
Part of Saint Lawrence River drainage basin
Tributaries
 - left North River, Nipissing River, Tim River
 - right Barron River, Crow River, Little Madawaska River
Source Ralph Bice Lake
 - location Geographic township of Butt, Unorganized South Part, Nipissing District
 - elevation 443 m (1,453 ft)
 - coordinates 45°40′49″N 78°57′02″W / 45.68028°N 78.95056°W / 45.68028; -78.95056
Mouth Ottawa River
 - location Petawawa, Renfrew County
 - elevation 110 m (361 ft)
 - coordinates 45°54′38″N 77°15′31″W / 45.91056°N 77.25861°W / 45.91056; -77.25861
Length 187 km (116 mi)
Basin 4,200 km2 (1,622 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 45 m3/s (1,589 cu ft/s)
Location of the mouth of the Petawawa River in Ontario

The Petawawa River is a river in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin in Nipissing District and Renfrew County in eastern and northeastern Ontario, Canada.[1][2] The river flows from Algonquin Provincial Park to the Ottawa River at the town of Petawawa, and is only one of two major tributaries of the Ottawa River to flow completely free (the other being the Dumoine River).[3] The river's name comes from the Algonquian for "where one hears a noise like this", which refers to its many rapids.

Course[edit]

The river starts at Ralph Bice Lake (formally Butt Lake) in northern Algonquin Provincial Park in the geographic township of Butt in the Unorganized South Part of Nipissing District. It flows south to Daisy Lake then east to Big Trout Lake. The river heads north out the lake over Big Trout Lake Dam, takes in the left tributary Tim River, flows over the Portal Rapids, Cedar Rapids, Showshoe Rapids, Catfish Rapids, and Stacks Rapids to reach Cedar Lake, the location of the community of Brent, where it takes in the left tributary Nipissing River. The river exits the lake over a dam, heads through the Devil's Chute, reaches Radiant Lake, where it takes in the left tributary North River and right tributary Little Madawaska River, and passes through the Squirrel Rapids, Big Sawyer Rapids, Battery Rapids Cascade Rapids and White Horse Rapids, and takes in the right tributary Crow River. The river then continues through a series of rapids including the Devil's Cellar Rapids, passes the Algonquin Radio Observatory, and reaches Lake Travers. The Petawawa River enters a canyon and passes through numerous rapids including the Big Thompson Rapids, Little Thompson Rapids, Grillade Rapids, Crooked Chute, Rollway Rapids, The Natch, Schoooner Rapids, Five Mile Rapids to arrive at Whitson Lake adjacent to the Petawawa Hills. It leaves Algonquin Provincial Park and enters the municipality of Laurentian Hills in Renfrew County, continues southeast past CFB Petawawa, passes through the Crooked Rapids, Race Horse Rapids, White Horse Rapids and Halfmile Rapids, and reaches Lac du Bois Dur, where it takes in the right tributary Barron River. The river enters the town of Petawawa, heads under Ontario Highway 17, through the Big Eddy Rapids, under the Canadian Pacific Railway main line, and empties into Black Bay on the Ottawa River.

The river is 187 kilometres (116 mi) in length and drains an area of 4,200 square kilometres (1,600 sq mi), with a mean discharge of 45 cubic metres (1,589 cu ft) per second.[4]

Economy[edit]

From the late 19th century until the 1960s, the river was used for log driving of the timber from the forested areas surrounding the river. The river is popular among canoeing and kayaking enthusiasts for its white water rapids and often spectacular views.

As of 2012, there are plans to build a 5.3 MW hydro-electric generating station at Big Eddy Rapids, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) upstream from the river's mouth. The project involves building a concrete and boulder weir that would direct a portion of the water to a new 300 metres (980 ft) long intake channel and powerhouse, as well as a fish ladder. It is scheduled to be operational by 2015.[3]

Geology[edit]

Part of the Petawawa River lies in the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben, a 175 million year old rift valley.

Tributaries[edit]

The river as it runs through the town of Petawawa.

Tributaries of the Petawawa River in upstream order:

  • Jorgens Creek (left)
  • Lac du Bois Dur
    • Charlebois Creek (left)
    • Barron River (right)
    • Black Bay Creek (right)
  • Centre Creek (left)
  • Black Duck Creek (left)
  • Lorne Creek (right)
  • Military Creek (left)
  • Cartier Creek (left)
  • Louie Creek (left)
  • Emma Creek (right)
  • Blue Beech Creek (left)
  • Clouthier Creek (right)
  • North Rouge Creek (left)
  • Lake Travers
    • Otterpaw Creek (left)
    • Deerhorn Creek (left)
    • Travers Creek (right)
    • Whitson Creek (right)
  • Eustache Creek (right)
  • Wagtail Creek (right)
  • Crow River (right)
  • Pauguk Creek (right)
  • Battery Creek (right)
  • Plover Creek (left)
  • Radiant Lake
  • George Creek (left)
  • Cedar Lake
    • Nipissing River (left)
    • Cauchon Creek (left)
    • Gilmour Creek (left)
    • Peboan Creek (left)
    • Ghost Creek (left)
    • Wendigoes Creek (right)
    • Pukina Creek (right)
  • Sunfish Creek (right)
  • Pugwa Creek (right)
  • Haydes Creek (left)
  • Minnehaha Creek (left)
  • Spiza Creek (right)
  • Alder Creek (left)
  • Tim River (left)
  • Mire Creek (left)
  • Otterslide Creek (right)
  • Dan Creek (right)
  • She Creek (right)
  • Timberwolf Creek (right)
  • Wenona Creek (right)
  • Mack Creek (left)
  • Daisy Lake
    • Hambone Creek (right)
    • Casey Creek (right)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Petawawa River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. http://www4.rncan.gc.ca/search-place-names/unique.php?id=FDSJC&output=xml. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
  2. ^ "Petawawa River". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2011-07-24.  Shows the river course.
  3. ^ a b Kelly Egan (September 26, 2012). "Muddy waters surround Petawawa dam project". Ottawa Citizen. 
  4. ^ "Rivers - Rivers Flowing into the Atlantic Ocean". Atlas of Canada - Facts about Canada. Natural Resources Canada. 2010-10-25. Retrieved 2011-07-24. 

Other map sources: