Pete Gray (activist)
|Born||Peter Robert Gray
10 May 1980
Newcastle, New South Wales
|Died||30 April 2011(aged 30)|
|Alma mater||University of Newcastle|
|Known for||Political and environmental activism|
Peter Robert Gray (10 May 1980, in Newcastle, New South Wales – 30 April 2011) was an Australian environmental activist, notable for two landmark court cases, and for having thrown his shoes in public at former Prime Minister of Australia John Howard in protest over Australia's participation in the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Gray obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in Classics, at the University of Newcastle; and then worked as an archivist in the university library. He was simultaneously a member of the Rising Tide "climate change action group", campaigning in particular against logging and coal mining.
In 2006, he took the Government of New South Wales to the Land and Environment Court over its environmental assessment of the Anvil Hill Coal Mine. The Court found in his favour, ruling that the government had failed to properly assess the greenhouse gas pollution that would be caused by the mining and subsequent use of the coal. It was described by Greenpeace as a "landmark case [...] that forced tougher scrutiny of coal mine emissions in Australia".
In 2009, he initiated what the Australian Broadcasting Corporation described as "the first ever legal action aimed at curbing greenhouse gas pollution from a coal-fired power station", by taking Bayswater Power Station owners Macquarie Generation to the Land and Environment Court. He asked the court to find that the power station had been "wilfully or negligently disposing of waste [...] by emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in a manner that has harmed or is likely to harm the environment in contravention of section 115(1) of the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997", and sought an injunction against the station. The case, Gray and Anor v Macquarie Generation, was ongoing at the time of his death.
He was also "the original instigator of what is now an annual flotilla in Newcastle harbour, disrupting the movement of ships for a day at the world’s largest coal export port", and was arrested several times.
Q&A shoe-throwing incident
In October 2010, Gray was in the audience of a Q&A talk show episode in which members of the public were invited to ask questions to former Prime Minister John Howard. Gray asked:
- "The recent releases of American military information from Wikileaks show evidence of tens of thousands of civilian casualties as a result of the invasion of Iraq, as well as widespread abuse and torture of prisoners. There were no WMDs. Many people now regard the Iraq war as a strategic failure and think it probably incited more terrorist violence than it stopped. How should you be held accountable for Australia's participation in the war on Iraq?"
Dissatisfied with John Howard's reply, and prevented from asking a follow-up question due to host Tony Jones telling him "We've got to move on", Gray, apologising to Jones, threw both his shoes at the former Prime Minister, and shouted: "That's for the Iraqi dead". Neither of the shoes hit Howard. Partner Naomi Hodgson, who had accompanied him, left the studio with him, shouting that Howard had "blood on [his] hands". The action echoed that of Iraqi journalist Muntazer al-Zaidi, who had thrown his shoes at the President of the United States, George W. Bush, during a press conference two years earlier. Gray's action "hit the headlines" in Australia, and also received global media coverage. Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard condemned the action, saying there was "no excuse for that kind of disrespectful conduct towards anyone", and Tony Jones described him as an "idiot", which Gray later commented "does actually hurt a bit coming from Tony Jones".
Gray himself later said that he had found the event "stressful" because it wasn't "in [his] own nature" to throw anything at anyone. He subsequently published an article in The Newcastle Herald, explaining his action:
- "Political leaders must be held accountable for their actions – this is a neglected yet fundamental part of the democratic system of which we are justifiably proud – but Mr Howard’s election loss does not constitute anything like a full measure of accountability. [...] My actions on the set of Q&A upset a lot of people. Mr Howard’s actions killed a lot of people. I will remain unapologetic, and it appears he will do the same. I encourage everyone to express their own views on the wars in the Middle East, their views on Mr Howard, and their views on my actions, but I would ask that everyone take a few moments to really try to imagine the reality of war."
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation had retained Gray's shoes after he had thrown them, and Gray asked that they be sold at auction, with the money to be donated to the International Committee for the Red Cross and its work in Iraq. Upon Gray's death, Howard endorsed the idea, and Jones announced it would be seen to. The online auction took place on 26 August 2011, "with all proceeds to be directed to the Red Cross's aid efforts in Iraq". The shoes were bought by Volley, the company that had made them, for A$3,650. They were then displayed in the company's museum of "well-worn Volleys".
- Woods, George Woods; Veitch, Harriet (13 May 2011). "Crusader had a passion for the planet". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- Vincent, Julien (2 May 2011). "Remembering Pete Gray". Greenpeace Australia Pacific. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- O'Neill, Margot (27 July 2009). "Greenhouse gas laws disputed in court" (transcript). Lateline (Australia: ABC TV). Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- [Gray & Naomi Hodgson v Macquarie Generation]  Environmental Defender's Office New South Wales 40500, NSWLEC
- Cubby, Ben (28 July 2009). "Power firm sued over carbon emissions". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- [and Anor v Macquarie Generation]  AustLII 34, NSWLEC
- Jones, Tony (25 October 2010). "The Odd Angry Shoe: John Howard on Q and A" (video and transcript). Q&A (Australia: ABC TV). Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- Harris, Michelle (27 October 2010). "Hunter shoe-thrower's real aim". Newcastle Herald (Australia). Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Shoes thrown at former Australian PM Howard on TV show". BBC Asia Pacific (United Kingdom). 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Australian Iraq war protester hurls shoes at former prime minister". The Guardian (London). Associated Press. 26 October 2010.
- "Anti-war protester hurls shoes at ex-Australian prime minister John Howard on live TV". Daily Mail (London). 27 October 2010.
- "Shoes thrown at former Australian PM". One News (New Zealand). 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Two shoes thrown at former Australian prime minister John Howard". Times of India (India). 25 October 2010.
- Deery, Shannon; Hudson, Phillip (26 October 2010). "No excuse for shoe attack – Gillard". Herald Sun. AAP. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Q&A shoe throw: Protester 'throws like a girl', Howard laughs it off". News.com.au. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- Gray, Peter (27 October 2010). "Shoe-thrower: The dead in Iraq deserve better". The Newcastle Herald (Australia). Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Cancer claims John Howard shoe thrower, Peter Gray". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). 10 May 2011.
- "Man who threw shoes at John Howard dies of cancer". Herald Sun. AAP. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Howard protest shoes to be auctioned". The Age (Australia). AAP. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Peter Gray and John Howard’s shoes". Q&A (Australia: ABC TV). Retrieved 9 June 2012.