Peter Barnes (entrepreneur)
|Born||New York City|
Barnes began his career in journalism working as a reporter for The Lowell Sun in Lowell, Massachusetts. He later became a Washington, D.C. correspondent for Newsweek and was subsequently employed as a west coast correspondent for The New Republic.
Barnes is an ardent environmentalist and an outspoken advocate of the need to reduce carbon emissions. He originated the terms "Capitalism 3.0" and "Sky Trust". These terms describe his proposal for a "cap and dividend" program", modeled on the Alaska Permanent Fund, which Barnes maintains will reduce greenhouse emissions and create a citizens dividend for all Americans.  Barnes contends that his proposals are more workable and sustainable than that of the cap-and-trade policies of the Kyoto Protocol.
Since 2003, Barnes has authored three books that deal specifically with his environmental ideas and proposed solutions.
Sky Trust proposal
Barnes' Sky Trust proposal is based on the idea that each and every American owns the sky as if it were a common asset. Barnes has stated the goal of Sky Trust would be to "promote climate stability by: limiting the amount of carbon that can be that can be put into the atmosphere; allowing the free market to set a price on the right to emit carbon; collecting revenue from those who buy those rights; and returning earned revenue to the owners of the sky."
The Sky Trust was originally proposed as a report from the Washington, D.C.-based Common Assets Project of which Barnes is the founder. The idea behind the proposal was originally inspired by the Alaska Permanent Fund; a fund that pays Alaskan dividends for what if effectively natural resource rent.
The "trust" Barnes hopes to create is more that an idea, but an actual legal entity. The trust's mission is mufti-pronged:
- "to preserve the current mix of the gases in the sky, thereby stabilizing the climate;
- to receive market prices for the use of the sky as a dump; and
- to distribute income among the beneficiaries equally."
Every American citizen including children would be the beneficiaries of such a program, receiving a lump sum. This would aim to help to ease problems such as poverty and wealth inequality by giving children, including those born into poverty, some basic inheritance property rights.
Some criticisms of the Sky Trust include: the charge that the revenue earned by the Sky Trust could be better allocated by subsidizing clean energy prices, as well that the Sky Trust would need to be a global initiative to have an environmental as well as social impact on the planet. If the Sky Trust weren't global, corporations could theoretically move to another country that wouldn't tax "the use of the sky as a dump".[attribution needed]
- The people's land: A reader on land reform in the United States. Rodale Press. 1975. ISBN 978-0-87857-091-1.
- Who Owns the Sky?: Our Common Assets And The Future Of Capitalism. Island Press. 2003. ISBN 978-1-55963-855-5.
- Capitalism 3.0: A Guide to Reclaiming the Commons. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. 2006. ISBN 978-1-57675-361-3.
- "Contributor:Peter Barnes", The Encyclopedia of the Earth.
- "Getting Creative About Kyoto". The Washington Post. 2001-07-16. Retrieved 2010-03-30.[dead link]
- Alter, Jonathan (2007-06-14). "A Clear Blue-Sky Idea". Newsweek. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- Barnes, Peter (2001-06-11). "Sky Trust". YES! Magazine. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- Barnes, Peter (2000). Pie in the Sky. Washington D.C.: Corporation for Enterprise Development. p. 1. ISBN 1-883187-32-X.
- Barnes, Peter (September 18, 2008). "Testimony of Peter Barnes to the House Ways and Means Committee". US House of Representatives. Barnes advocating for a "cap and dividend" policy in 2008.