Bichsel was born 1935 in Lucerne, Switzerland, the son of manual labourers. Shortly after he was born, the Bichsels moved to Olten, also in Switzerland. After finishing school, he became an elementary school teacher, a job which he held until 1968. From 1974 to 1981 he was the personal advisor of Willy Ritschard, a member of the Swiss Federal Council. Between 1972 and 1989 he made his mark as a "writer in residence" and a guest lecturer at American universities. Bichsel has lived on the outskirts of Solothurn for several decades.
One of his first and most well-known works is And Really Frau Blum Would Very Much Like to Meet the Milkman. Just as successful, Children's Stories, intended for adults, is written in the form of droll tales for children. Both books were translated from the German by English poet Michael Hamburger. A theme of Bichsel's works for younger readers is the stubborn desire of children to take words literally and wreak havoc on the world of communicated ideas. In the early 1970s and 1980s, Bichsel's journalistic work pushed his literary work mainly into the background. Only Der Busant (1985) and Warten in Baden-Baden appeared again with the Bichsel style that was so familiar to German readers. Peter Bichsel gave up being a professional teacher early in his lifetime, yet he has continued to teach his readers that the drudgery and banality of life is of our own making. Conversely, we have every opportunity to prevent our lives from being boring. This theme has helped make Peter Bichsel a symbol of German literary work today.
- 1965 Prize of "Group 47"
- 1970 Deutscher Jugendbuchpreis
- 1981/82 Stadtschreiber von Bergen
- 1996 Mainzer Stadtschreiber
- 1999 Gottfried-Keller-Preis
- 2000 Prix Européen de l’Essai Charles Veillon
- 2000 Kassel Literary Prize
- 2004 Honorary Doctor of Theology, University of Basel
- 2005 Work grant by Pro Helvetia
- 2011 Solothurner Literaturpreis
- 2012 Grosser Schillerpreis
- "Berlinale 1981: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Literary estate of Peter Bichsel in the archive database HelveticArchives of the Swiss National Library.
- Publications by and about Peter Bichsel in the catalogue Helveticat of the Swiss National Library
- Peter Bichsel at the Encyclopædia Britannica.