||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2007)|
Peter Buck on stage with R.E.M. in 2008
|Birth name||Peter Lawrence Buck|
December 6, 1956 |
Berkeley, California, United States
|Genres||Alternative rock, college rock, jangle pop|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, producer|
|Instruments||Guitar, mandolin, banjo, keyboards, bass guitar, electric sitar, Appalachian dulcimer, drums, vocals|
|Associated acts||R.E.M., Hindu Love Gods, The Minus 5, Tuatara, The Baseball Project, The Venus 3, Eels, Mark Eitzel, The Replacements, Tired Pony, Saint John and the Revelations|
Throughout his career with R.E.M., which was founded in 1980, Buck has also been an official member of various 'side project' groups. These groups include Hindu Love Gods, The Minus 5, Tuatara, The Baseball Project, Robyn Hitchcock and the Venus 3 and Tired Pony each of which have released at least one full-length album. Additionally, another side project group called Full Time Men released an EP while Buck was a member; ad hoc "supergroups" Bingo Hand Job (Billy Bragg and R.E.M.) and Nigel & The Crosses (Robyn Hitchcock, Peter Buck, Glenn Tilbrook and others) have each commercially released one track; and a current side project group called Slow Music plays semi-regular gigs.
Buck also has a notable career as a record producer (including releases by Uncle Tupelo, Dreams So Real, The Fleshtones, Charlie Pickett, Saint John and the Revelations, and The Feelies), as well as a session musician (for the likes of The Replacements, Billy Bragg, and Eels.)
Early life 
Buck was born in Berkeley, California. After spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Buck family moved to Atlanta, Georgia. After graduating with honors from Crestwood High School in 1975, Buck attended Emory University and joined Delta Tau Delta fraternity. He would eventually drop out of Emory. Buck moved to Athens, Georgia, and attended the University of Georgia as well. While in Athens, Buck worked at the Wuxtry Records store, where he met future bandmate Michael Stipe as well as R.E.M.'s future legal and managerial representative, Bertis Downs.
Buck's style of guitar playing is simple and yet distinctive. He makes wide use of open strings while chording to create chiming and memorable pop melodies. His sound, especially on mid-period R.E.M. albums that saw the band break through to international popularity, has been associated with Rickenbacker guitars, particularly a Jetglo (black) model 360. However, he has also used a wide variety of other instruments as the group has continued to experiment and develop. On some more recent R.E.M. releases prior to Accelerate (2008), his guitar parts have been noticeably less prominent, something which to a certain extent may be referable to the band's occasional increased use of synthesizers, strings and other atmospherics.
"When Peter plays guitar, there's a strong sense of fuck off that comes from his side of the stage. And you feel that he wants to be in a band because he likes what they do... but that's all," explained U2's Bono in 2003. "And it's almost like performing and having to deal with all of that is a bit of a compromise for him, so just fuck off. And I like that energy a little bit, and that gives them their aggression."
Buck has produced many bands, including Uncle Tupelo, Dreams So Real, The Fleshtones, Charlie Pickett, and The Feelies. Buck also has made contributions on many other musicians' albums, including The Replacements, Billy Bragg, The Decemberists, Robyn Hitchcock, and several Eels albums.
Peter, Mike Mills, Bill Berry and Warren Zevon recorded an album under the band name Hindu Love Gods, while the R.E.M. bandmates and Zevon were recording tracks for Zevon's 1987 album Sentimental Hygiene. Hindu Love Gods is one of many names the members of R.E.M. have used performing around the Athens area.
Buck also coproduced the 1992 Vigilantes of Love album, Killing Floor, with songwriter Mark Heard. He co-wrote, produced, and performed on Mark Eitzel's 1997 album West. He recorded an EP with Keith Streng of The Fleshtones as Full Time Men in 1985, and along with R.E.M. sideman Scott McCaughey has been a partner in The Minus 5 and a member of the instrumental band Tuatara. Additionally, In October 2005, he joined R.E.M. studio drummer Bill Rieflin, King Crimson guitarist Robert Fripp and three others in forming an improvisational performance band called Slow Music. His voice can be heard on one R.E.M. song: "I Walked with a Zombie" from the Roky Erickson tribute album Where the Pyramid Meets the Eye. In 2006, Buck toured with Robyn Hitchcock, McCaughey, and Rieflin as lead guitarist for Robyn Hitchcock and the Venus 3 in the wake of the band's first release, Olé! Tarantula. In 2008, after McCaughey and Steve Wynn decided to work together, the duo asked Buck to be the bass player in their new band, The Baseball Project, along with drummer Linda Pitmon.
Buck has contributed liner notes to a number of compilations, reissues, and special editions, both of R.E.M.'s own material (the best-of compilations Eponymous and In Time, the rarities, B-sides and out-takes collection Dead Letter Office, and the special edition of New Adventures in Hi-Fi) and of other artists' work (such as The Beach Boys' Love You).
On September 9, 2008, immediately following the band's concert in Helsinki, Finland, Buck's signature Rickenbacker guitar, used live and in the studio since Chronic Town in 1982, was stolen from the stage. It was returned on September 18, 2008, by an anonymous source.
In March 2012, six months after R.E.M.'s September 2011 dissolution, Buck announced intentions of working on a solo album, backed by singer-songwriter Joseph Arthur. The first track from the self-titled solo album, "10 Million BC," was released via SoundCloud on June 21, 2012.
Personal life 
The guitarist is twice divorced. He was once married to Athens' 40-Watt Club owner, Barrie Buck. And he has twin girls with his ex-wife Stephanie Dorgan, Zelda and Zoe, born in June 1994.
Buck is known for his encyclopedic knowledge of music, as well as his extensive personal record collection. On March 12, 1999, in an interview on Wiese, a television music show based in Oslo, Norway, Buck estimated his collection to be around the 25,000 mark. In the late 1990s, he estimated he had 10,000 vinyl singles, 6,000 LPs and 4,000 CDs.
Airline incident 
On April 21, 2001, Buck was aboard a trans-polar flight (British Airways #48) from Seattle to London to play a concert at Trafalgar Square. Witnesses alleged that Buck exhibited various bizarre behaviors on the flight, including shoving a CD into a drinks trolley thinking it was a CD player, tearing up the "yellow card" warning notice handed to him by the flight crew, claiming "I am R.E.M." and being involved in a struggle over a yogurt cup with two stewards, which resulted in the cup exploding. Buck's actions led to two charges of common assault on the stewards, one charge of being drunk on a plane and one charge of damaging British Airways cutlery and crockery.
At the ensuing trial in London, Buck's defense claimed that the moderate amount of wine he had drunk had reacted adversely with the brand of sleeping pill he was taking and rendered him unable to control his actions. The prosecution, on the other hand, argued that he was simply intoxicated from supposedly consuming fifteen refills of wine. After the trial, which included testimony from Bono of the rock band U2, Buck was cleared on the grounds of non-insane automatism.
- Waldman, Matt (December 2002). "Bertis Downs . . . in his own words". Georgia Magazine (University of Georgia) 82 (1). Retrieved 2007-03-13
- "Entry for Peter Buck". New Georgia Encyclopedia (The Georgia Humanities Council & The University of Georgia Press). Retrieved 2007-03-12
- "Entry for Peter Buck". www.nndb.com. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "RIC makes the list with REM - 8/7/2005". www.rickenbacker.com. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- The South Bank Show, May 12, 2003.
- Douglas Wolk (2010-11-04). "Colin Meloy Reveals Details of New Decemberists Album | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- "PETER BUCK'S RICKENBACKER RETURNED!". REM HQ. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- "Joseph Arthur Back Peter Buck's Singing Debut". Paste magazine. 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "STUDIO VERSION OF 10 MILLION BC". REM HQ. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Fricke, David (February 7, 2011). "R.E.M. Roar Back With 'Collapse Into Now'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
- "Murmurs.com". Murmurs.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- "R.E.M. star cleared of air rage attack. April 5, 2002". BBC News website. April 5, 2002. Retrieved 2006-08-01.
- Vasagar, Jeevan (April 6, 2002). "R.E.M. guitarist cleared of air rage". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2006-08-01
Further reading 
- Buckley, David (October 2003). R.E.M. Fiction: An Alternative Biography. Virgin Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7535-0870-1.
- Grey, Marcus (1997). It Crawled from the South: An R.E.M. Companion. Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-80751-0.
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